Patria, by Eugenio Courret (1915).

The Motherland (Spanish: Madre patria) is the national personification of Peru.[1][2]


The figure, first introduced during the Peruvian War of Independence,[2] generally has the appearance of a (generally) seated female with a Greek profile wearing a laurel wreath and a white tunic.[1] Official usage included her appearance on banknotes and coins formerly issued by the Peruvian government, as well as in statues, such as the one in Flag Square or in the Plaza San Martín of central Lima.[3]


See also


  1. ^ a b Chaman, César (2018-07-20). "Para Hacer Patria". El Peruano.
  2. ^ a b Mannion, Sean (2014-03-23). "Las alegorías femeninas durante la Independencia peruana". Hispanic American Historical Review.
  3. ^ Ruíz, Claudia (2019-06-12). "Lima, una ciudad milenaria y moderna". El Ibérico.