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Government of the Russian Federation
Прави́тельство Росси́йской Федера́ции logo.svg
Established12 June 1990 (as the Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic)
12 December 1993 (current form)
LeaderPrime Minister
Appointed byPresident
Main organCouncil of Ministers
Responsible toState Duma

The government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation. The members of the government are the prime minister, the deputy prime ministers, and the federal ministers.[1] It has its legal basis in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation".[2] The Apparatus of the Government of Russia is a governmental body which administrates the activities of the government.

According to the 1991 amendment to the 1978 constitution, the president of Russia was the head of the executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 constitution, the president is not a part of the government of Russia, which exercises executive power. However, the president appoints the prime minister.


See also: Government of the Soviet Union

The large body was preceded by Government of the Soviet Union. Since the Russian Federation emerged from 1991 to 1992, the government's structure has undergone several major changes. In the initial years, a large number of government bodies, primarily the different ministries, underwent massive reorganization as the old Soviet governing networks were adapted to the new state. Many reshuffles and renamings occurred.

On 28 November 1991, President of the RSFSR Boris Yeltsin signed presidential decree No.242 "On the reorganization of the government bodies of the RSFSR". Yeltsin officially declared the end of the Soviet Union and became the President of the Russian Federation. Yeltsin was a reformer and promised Western-styled democracy.

In 1993, the new Russian Constitution was adopted. The new Constitution gained legitimacy through its bicameral legislature, an independent judiciary, the position of the president and the prime minister, and democratic features. These democratic features included competitive multi-party elections, separation of powers, federalism, and protection of civil liberties.

In 1999, Yeltsin appointed Vladimir Putin as the Prime Minister. Later in that year, Yeltsin resigned from the presidency and Putin took over as the Acting President. In 2000 Putin won the presidential election.

The most recent change took place on 21 January 2020, when President Vladimir Putin signed a presidential decree on forming Mikhail Mishustin's Cabinet.[3]

Responsibilities and power

See also: Order of the Government of Russia

The Government is the subject of the 6th chapter of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. According to the constitution, the government of the Russian Federation must:

  1. Draft and submit the federal budget to the State Duma; ensure the implementation of the budget and report on its implementation to the State Duma;
  2. Ensure the implementation of a uniform financial, credit and monetary policy in the Russian Federation ;
  3. Ensure the implementation of a uniform state policy in the areas of culture, science, education, health protection, social security and ecology;
  4. Manage federal property;
  5. Adopt measures to ensure the country's defense, state security, and the implementation of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation;
  6. Implement measures to ensure the rule of law, human rights and freedoms, the protection of property and public order, and crime control;
  7. Exercise any other powers vested in it by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and presidential decrees.[4]

The government issues its acts in the way of decisions (Постановления) and orders (Распоряжения). These must not contradict the constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, and Presidential decrees, and are signed by the Prime Minister.

The Government, also assists the Prime Minister, in faithfully carrying out the country's domestic and foreign policy as determined by the President, in general.

Current Cabinet

Main article: Mikhail Mishustin's Cabinet

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party logo.svg

Prime Minister
Mikhail Mishustin (2020-07-09).jpg
Mikhail Mishustin
16 January 2020Incumbent Independent
First Deputy Prime Minister
for Finance, Economy and National Projects
Андрей Белоусов на Съезде железнодорожников (cropped).jpg
Andrey Belousov
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Agro-Industrial Complex, Natural Resources and Ecology
Victoria Abramchenko official portrait (
Viktoria Abramchenko
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Deputy Prime Minister
Chief of Staff of the Government
Dmitry Grigorenko (2020-10-05).jpg
Dmitry Grigorenko
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Construction and Regional Development
Marat Khusnullin (2020-02-05).jpg
Marat Khusnullin
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Eurasian Integration, cooperation with
the CIS, BRICS, G20 and International Events
Alexey Overchuk (2020-04-29).jpg
Alexey Overchuk
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Fuel–Energy Complex
Alexander Novak (2019-11-06).jpg
Alexander Novak
10 November 2020Incumbent United Russia
Deputy Prime Minister
for Defense and Space Industry
Yuri Borisov (2018-05-18).jpg
Yury Borisov
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister
Presidential Envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District
Yury Trutnev (2019-12-19).jpg
Yury Trutnev
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Deputy Prime Minister
for Social Policy
Tatyana Golikova (2018-05-26).jpg
Tatyana Golikova
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Deputy Prime Minister
for Tourism, Sport, Culture and Communications
Dmitry Chernyshenko official portrait (
Dmitry Chernyshenko
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Rus Ministry of Agriculture logo.png

Minister of Agriculture
Dmitry Patrushev (2019-07-23).jpg
Dmitry Patrushev
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Emblem of the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media (Russia).svg

Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media
Maxut Shadayev (2020-02-0).jpg
Maxut Shadayev
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent

Minister of Construction, Housing and Utilities
Irek Fáizullin.jpg
Irek Faizullin
10 November 2020Incumbent Independent
Emblem of the Ministry of Culture (Russia) 2012.png

Minister of Culture
Olga Liubimova (2020-12-07).jpg
Olga Lyubimova
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Middle emblem of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation (21.07.2003-present).svg

Minister of Defence
Official portrait of Sergey Shoigu cropped.jpg
Sergei Shoigu
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minvostok Emblem.png

Minister for the Development of the Russian Far East and Arctic
Alexey Chekunkov (2020-11-10).jpg
Aleksey Chekunkov
10 November 2020Incumbent Independent

Minister of Economic Development
Maxim Reshetnikov (cropped).jpg
Maxim Reshetnikov
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
MES emblem.png

Minister of Education
Sergey Kravtsov (2020-02-10).jpg
Sergey Kravtsov
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Great emblem of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations.svg

Minister of Emergency Situations
Alexander Chupriyan.jpg
Aleksandr Chupriyan
8 September 2021Incumbent Independent
Minenergo logo.jpg

Minister of Energy
Nikolay Shulginov.jpg
Nikolay Shulginov
10 November 2020Incumbent Independent
Gerb MinfinRu.png

Minister of Finance
Anton Siluanov (2019-09-25).jpg
Anton Siluanov
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
MID emblem.png

Minister of Foreign Affairs
Сергей Лавров (14-10-2021).jpg
Sergey Lavrov
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Ministry of Health.png

Minister of Health
Mikhail Murashko (2020-01-29).jpg
Mikhail Murashko
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Логотип Министерства промышленности и торговли РФ.png

Minister of Industry and Trade
Denis Manturov (2020-06-10).jpg
Denis Manturov
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Emblem of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.svg

Minister of Internal Affairs
Vladimir Kolokoltsev (2020-02-21).jpg
Vladimir Kolokoltsev
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Emblem of Ministry of Justice.png

Minister of Justice
Konstantin Chuychenko (2021-05-19).jpg
Konstantin Chuychenko
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia

Minister of Labour and Social Protection
Anton Kotyakov (2020-02-12).jpg
Anton Kotyakov
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Министерство природных ресурсов и экологии Российской Федерации (Минприроды России).png

Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology
Alexander Kozlov (2019-11-18).jpg
Alexander Kozlov
10 November 2020Incumbent United Russia
Emblem of the Ministry of science and higher education of the Russian Federation (25.02.2019 - present).png

Minister of Science and Higher Education
Valery Falkov (2020-08-27).jpg
Valery Falkov
21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minsport Emblem.png

Minister of Sport
Oleg Matytsin (2020-02-13).jpg
Oleg Matytsin
21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Emblem of the Russian Minstry of Transport.svg

Minister of Transport
Vitaly Savelyev (2020-11-10).jpg
Vitaly Saveliev
10 November 2020Incumbent United Russia

Lists of ministers

See also


  1. ^ Chapter 6 of the Russian constitution states that the "Government of the Russian Federation consists of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation [Prime Minister], Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministries."
  2. ^ Russian Government web portal – Text of 1997 Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of the Russian Federation" (in Russian)
  3. ^ "Putin Leaves Cabinet Little-Changed, Brings In Close Ally's Son". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  4. ^ The Constitution of the Russian Federation: Chapter 6 Archived October 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine