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Government of Macau
中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區政府
中华人民共和国澳门特别行政区政府
Multi-party Presidential System
Regional Emblem of Macau.svg
The Seal of Macau
FormationDecember 20, 1999
Founding documentMacao Basic Law
CountryChina
Websitewww.gov.mo
Legislative branch
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
SpeakerPresident
Meeting placeLegislative Assembly Building
Executive branch
LeaderChief Executive
AppointerState Council of China
HeadquartersMacau Government Headquarters
Main organExecutive Council
Judicial branch
CourtCourt of Final Appeal
(See also Judiciary of Macau)
SeatSuperior Court of Macau Building

The Government of the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (Chinese: 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區政府; Portuguese: Governo da R.A.E. de Macau; conventional short name Macau Government, 澳門政府, Governo de Macau), are headed by secretariats or commissioners and report directly to the chief executive. The affairs of the government are decided by secretaries, who are appointed by the chief executive and endorsed by the State Council of the Central People's Government in Beijing. As a special administrative region of China, Macau has a high degree of autonomy, in light of the "One Country, Two Systems" policy. The Macau Government, financially independent from the Central People's Government, oversees the affairs of Macau.

Head of government

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The chief executive is responsible for the administration of Macau. The affairs of the government are decided by secretariats, who are appointed by the chief executive and endorsed by the State Council of the Central People's Government in Beijing. The office of chief executive replaced that of governor after 1999 as head of the government in Macau. The chief executive reports to the State Council.

The current chief executive is Ho Iat Seng and Hoi Lai Fong is the chief of the Office of the Chief Executive.[1]

Principal officials

The secretaries are similar to the Hong Kong Government policy bureaux secretaries. However, there are fewer secretaries in Macau, and they are considered part of the civil service instead of officials employed on contracts.[2] The current (fifth) government was inaugurated in December 2019.[3]

The principal officials of the current government are:

Organisation of government

Each secretary leads a number of bureaux (Chinese: 局 or 署; Portuguese: direcções or instituto, lit.'directorate or institutes'), which carry out decisions and plans made by the secretaries.

RAEM chart(E).jpg

Pre-1999 government

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The structure of the Portuguese administration in Macau was slightly different from the current:

Localisation of key positions was non-existent prior to the handover, all department heads were Portuguese. Chinese civil service heads did not appear until after the establishment of the special administrative region. Currently, many government officials received education in Mainland China, some of them even grew up in China.

Government Information Bureau

The Government Information Bureau (Chinese: 澳門特別行政區政府新聞局 ; Portuguese: Gabinete de Comunicação Social, GCS), commonly known as Macaogcs is the agency responsible for coordinating and studying the social transmission of government of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China The departments that broadcast and provide assistance to the administrative authorities in this field are directly under the jurisdiction of the chief executive.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Office of the Chief Executive". Macau SAR Governmental Portal. Office of the Chief Executive. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  2. ^ Eli Lau (11 October 2001). "Top officials to be made accountable". The Standard. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2008.
  3. ^ "China State Council appoints senior officials of the 5th Government of Macau". MacauHub. MacauHub. 2 December 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Gabinete de Comunicação Social". Portal do Governo da RAE de Macau (in European Portuguese). Retrieved 2022-05-14.