This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (April 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Chief Executive of Macao Special Administrative Region
澳門特別行政區行政長官
Chefe do Executivo da Região Administrativa Especial de Macau
Regional Emblem of Macau.svg
Ho Iat Seng.jpg
Incumbent
Ho Iat Seng

since 20 December 2019
Style
ResidenceMacau Government Headquarters
NominatorElection Committee
AppointerCentral People's Government (Decree signed by Premier)
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentMacau Basic Law
Inaugural holderEdmund Ho
Formation20 December 1999; 22 years ago (1999-12-20)
Websitegce.gov.mo
Chief Executive of Macau
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese澳門特別行政區行政長官
Simplified Chinese澳门特别行政区行政长官
Commonly abbreviated as
Traditional Chinese澳門特首
Simplified Chinese澳门特首
Portuguese name
PortugueseChefe do Executivo da Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China

The Chief Executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region (Chinese: 澳門特別行政區行政長官; Portuguese: Chefe do Executivo da Região Administrativa Especial de Macau) is the head of government of Macau, a special administrative region of China. The position replaced the office of Governor of Macau, the former head of Macau as an overseas province of Portugal. Under the Basic Law of Macau, the chief executive's role is to:

...be the head of the Macau Special Administrative Region and shall represent the Region. The Chief Executive of the Macau Special Administrative Region shall be accountable to the Central People's Government and the Macau Special Administrative Region in accordance with the provisions of this Law.

The current chief executive is Ho Iat Seng. His office is located at the Macau Government Headquarters, formerly the Governor's House (from 1883-1926) and the Governor's office (from 1926 to 1999). The CE has used this as his office since 2009.

History

The office was created by the first session of the 8th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on 31 March 1993 and came into effect on 20 December 1999.

Election

Main article: List of Macanese Chief Executive elections

The chief executive is selected by election or through consultations held locally and must be appointed by the Central People's Government (State Council) headed by the Premier before taking office. The term of office of the chief executive shall be five years and may serve for not more than two consecutive terms.

Any candidate running for Chief Executive are required to satisfy the following requirements:

Powers

The powers of the chief executive are outlined in the region's Basic Law:

  1. To lead the government of the region;
  2. To be responsible for the implementation of this Law and other laws which, in accordance with this Law, apply in the Macau Special Administrative Region;
  3. To sign bills passed by the Legislative Council and to promulgate laws; To sign budgets passed by the Legislative Council and report the budgets and final accounts to the Central People's Government for the record;
  4. To decide on government policies and to issue executive orders;
  5. To formulate the administrative regulations and promulgate them for implementation;
  6. To nominate and to report to the Central People's Government for appointment the following principal officials: secretaries of departments, the commissioner against corruptions, the director of audit, the leading members of the police and the customs and excise; and to recommend to the Central People's Government the removal of the above-mentioned officials;
  7. To appoint part of the members of the Legislative Council;
  8. To appoint or remove members of the Executive Council;
  9. To appoint or remove presidents and judges of the courts at all levels and procurators in accordance with legal procedures;
  10. To nominate and report to the Central People's Government for appointment of the procurator-General and recommend to the Central People's Government the removal of the procurator-general in accordance with legal procedures;
  11. To appoint or remove holders of public office in accordance with legal procedures;
  12. To implement the directives issued by the Central People's Government in respect of the relevant matters provided for in this Law;
  13. To conduct, on behalf of the Government of the Macau Special Administrative Region, external affairs and Other affairs as authorized by the Central Authorities;
  14. To approve the introduction of motions regarding revenues or expenditure to the Legislative Council;
  15. To decide, in the light of security and vital interests, whether government officials or other personnel in charge of government affairs should testify or give evidence before the Legislative Council or its committees;
  16. To confer medals and titles of honour of the Macau Special Administrative Region in accordance with law;
  17. To pardon persons convicted of criminal offences or commute their penalties in accordance with law; and
  18. To handle petitions and complaints.

Resignation

Under Section 54 of the Basic Law, the chief executive can resign if:

  1. When he or she loses the ability to discharge his or her duties as a result of serious illness or other reasons;
  2. When, after the Legislative Council is dissolved because he or she twice refuses to sign a bill passed by it, the new Legislative Council again passes by a two-thirds majority of all the members the original bill in dispute, but he or she still refuses to sign it within 30 days; and
  3. When, after the Legislative Council is dissolved because it refuses to pass a budget or any other bill concerning the overall interests of the Macau Special Administrative Region, the newly elected Legislative Council still refuses to pass the original bill in dispute.

Section 55 covers the temporary assignment of the role of the CE proceeding resignation.

List of chief executives

Political party:   Nonpartisan

Portrait Name
Chinese name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office
Duration in years and days
Election Political alignment Term
[n 1]
Government
(supporting parties)
Appointer Ref.
1
Edmund Ho (cropped).jpg
Edmund Ho
何厚鏵

(born 1955)

20 December
1999
19 December
2009
1999 Pro-Beijing 1 Ho E. I
(UPP)
Premier Zhu Rongji
2004 2 Ho E. II
(UPP • UIEM • UIPM • CCCAE)
Premier Wen Jiabao
10 years and 0 days
2
Fernando Chui Sai On (cropped).jpg
Fernando Chui
崔世安

(born 1957)

20 December
2009
19 December
2019
2009 Pro-Beijing 3 Chui I
(UPP • UIEM • UIPM • ACUM)
2014 4 Chui II
(UPP • UIEM • UIPM • ACUM • UE)
Premier Li Keqiang
10 years and 0 days
3
Ho Iat Seng.jpg
Ho Iat Seng
賀一誠

(born 1957)

20 December
2019
Incumbent 2019 Pro-Beijing 5 Ho I.
(TBD)
2 years and 161 days
  1. ^ Successive fixed five-year CE terms in which incumbent
Ho Iat SengFernando ChuiEdmund Ho

Executive Council

Main article: Executive Council of Macau

See also

References