Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Chinese Communist Party
中国共产党中央军事委员会主席
Incumbent
Xi Jinping

since 15 November 2012
Central Military Commission
People's Liberation Army
Style
TypeCommander-in-chief
ResidenceZhongnanhai
Seat"August 1st Building", Beijing
AppointerCentral Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
Term lengthFive years, renewable
Inaugural holderZhang Guotao
FormationDecember 1925; 96 years ago (1925-12)
DeputyVice Chairman
WebsiteChairmanship

The chairman of the Central Military Commission (Chinese: 中央军事委员会主席) is the head of the Central Military Commission (CMC) of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the commander-in-chief of the People's Liberation Army (PLA). The officeholder is usually the CCP general secretary.

According to Chapter 3, Section 4 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, "The Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China directs the armed forces of the country. The Central Military Commission is composed of the following: The Chairman; The Vice-Chairmen; and Members".[1] The term of office of the Central Military Commission is the same as that of the National People's Congress. Two people currently serve as vice chairmen.

The CMC chairman is the supreme commander of the world's largest military forces, People's Liberation Army, People's Armed Police and People's Liberation Army militia. Furthermore, the officeholder is vested with the command authority over the nuclear arsenals.

According to the principle of "黨指揮槍" lit. 'Party Commands the Gun', the holder of this post would also assume the responsibility of the state counterpart.

List of chairmen

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Party

The following have held the position of chair of the Central Military Commission of the Chinese Communist Party:

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office
Took office Left office Time in office
Head of the Military Department
1
Zhang Guotao
(1897–1979)
December 1925 September 1926 9 months
Secretary of the Central Military Commission
2
Zhou Enlai
(1898–1976)
September 1926 October 1928 2 years, 1 month
Head of the Military Department
3
Yang Yin
(1892–1929)
October 1928 September 1929 11 months
(2)
Zhou Enlai
(1898–1976)
September 1929 March 1930 6 months
Secretary of the Central Military Commission
4
Guan Xiangying
(1902–1946)
March 1930 August 1930 5 months
(2)
Zhou Enlai
(1898–1976)
August 1930 June 1931 10 months
Head of the Military Department
5
Li Fuchun
(1900–1975)
June 1931 January 1932 7 months
Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Chinese Soviet Republic
6
Xiang Ying
(c. 1895–1941)
January 1932 October 1932 9 months
7
Zhu De
(1886–1976)
October 1932 December 1936 4 years, 2 months
8
Mao Zedong
(1893–1976)
December 1936 October 1949 12 years, 10 months
Abolished
October 1949 – September 1954
Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Chinese Communist Party
8
Mao Zedong
(1893–1976)
8 September 1954 9 September 1976 22 years
9
Hua Guofeng
(1921–2008)
7 October 1976 28 June 1981 4 years, 8 months
10
Deng Xiaoping
(1904–1997)
28 June 1981 9 November 1989 8 years, 5 months
11
Jiang Zemin
(born 1926)
9 November 1989 19 September 2004 14 years, 10 months
12
Hu Jintao
(born 1942)
19 September 2004 15 November 2012 8 years, 1 month
13
Xi Jinping
(born 1953)
15 November 2012 Incumbent 9 years, 5 months

State

The following have held the position of chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China:

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office
Took office Left office Time in office
Chairman of the People's Revolutionary Military Commission of the Central People's Government
1
Mao Zedong
(1893–1976)
1 October 1949 27 September 1954 4 years, 11 months
Chairman of the People's Republic of China & Chairman of the National Defense Council
1
Mao Zedong
(1893–1976)
27 September 1954 27 April 1959 4 years, 7 months
2
Liu Shaoqi
(1898–1969)
27 April 1959 31 October 1968 9 years, 6 months
Vacant
October 1968 – January 1975
Abolished
January 1975 – December 1982
Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China
3
Deng Xiaoping
(1904–1997)
6 June 1983 19 March 1990 6 years, 9 months
4
Jiang Zemin
(born 1926)
19 March 1990 8 March 2005 14 years, 11 months
5
Hu Jintao
(born 1942)
8 March 2005 14 March 2013 8 years
6
Xi Jinping
(born 1953)
14 March 2013 Incumbent 9 years, 1 month

See also

References

  1. ^ "Constitution of the People's Republic of China". National People's Congress, People's Republic of China. 14 March 2004. Archived from the original on 9 June 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2007.