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Jiusan Society
PresidentWu Weihua
Founded4 May 1946; 76 years ago (1946-05-04)
HeadquartersBeijing
NewspaperDemocracy and Science (民主与科学)[1]
Central Communications of the Jiusan Society (九三中央社讯)[2][3]
Membership (2019)183,710[4]
IdeologySocialism with Chinese characteristics[5]
National affiliationUnited Front
National People's Congress
64 / 2,980
Standing Committee of NPC
5 / 175
Website
93.gov.cn
Jiusan Society
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese九三学社
Traditional Chinese九三學社
Literal meaningSeptember Third Society
Tibetan name
Tibetanདགུ་གསུམ་ཤེས་རིག་སློབ་ཚོགས
Zhuang name
ZhuangGiujsanh Yozse
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic“ 9 · 3 ” эрдэм шинжилгээний нийгэмлэг
Mongolian script﹃9 · 3 ﹄
ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠮ
ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ
ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠭᠡᠮᠯᠢᠭ
Uyghur name
Uyghur« 3 - سېنتەبىر » ئىلمىي جەمئىيىتى
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᠵᡳᡠᠰᠠᠨ
ᡧᡠᡝᡧᡳᡝ
RomanizationJiusan Xueshe
Headquarters of Jiusan Society in Haidian, Beijing
Headquarters of Jiusan Society in Haidian, Beijing

The Jiusan Society (Chinese: 九三学社; pinyin: Jiǔsān Xuéshè; lit. 'Nine-Three Academic Society') is one of the eight legally recognised minor political parties in the People's Republic of China that follow the direction of the Chinese Communist Party and are members of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.[6][7] The party's original name was "Democracy and Science Forum" on its informal founding in 1944; the current name refers to the date of Chinese victory in the Second Sino-Japanese War (3 September 1945).[8]

The party's mission statement is to "lead the nation to power and the people to prosperity". The party's main focus is scientific and educational development. The party had a membership of 183,710 members by 2019,[4] mostly high- and medium-level intellectuals in the fields of science, technology, and education.[9]

Out of all legally recognised minor political parties in the People's Republic of China, the Jiusan Society have the largest number of seats in the National People's Congress at 64 seats.

Presidents

  1. Xu Deheng (许德珩), 1946–1987
  2. Zhou Peiyuan (周培源), 1987–1992
  3. Wu Jieping (吴阶平), 1992–2002
  4. Han Qide (韩启德), 2002–2017
  5. Wu Weihua (武维华), 2017–present[10]

References

  1. ^ "WKE". ds191954.net. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  2. ^ "搜索". www.93.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 27 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  3. ^ "社史研究通讯". www.93.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b "九三学社简介". www.93.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 29 July 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  5. ^ "九三学社章程". www.93.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 17 January 2019. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  6. ^ Seymour, James D. (1987). China's satellite parties. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 28, 88. ISBN 978-0-87332-412-0.
  7. ^ Lim, Louisa (5 May 2014). The People's Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen Revisited. Oxford University Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-19-934772-8.
  8. ^ Lu Yan (27 September 2018). "Heading in One Direction-- Beijing Review". Beijing Review. Retrieved 25 January 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "A Quantitative Summary of Jiusan Society on its 71st Anniversary". www.93.org.cn. Archived from the original on 14 September 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  10. ^ "武维华主席_主席、副主席_九三学社中央委员会". www.93.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.