Jiusan Society
ChairpersonWu Weihua
Founded4 May 1946; 77 years ago (1946-05-04)
NewspaperDemocracy and Science
Central Communications of the Jiusan Society
Membership (2022)204,069
IdeologySocialism with Chinese characteristics[1]
National People's Congress (14th)
56 / 2,977
NPC Standing Committee
5 / 175
Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
45 / 544
(Seats for political parties)
www.93.gov.cn Edit this at Wikidata
Jiusan Society
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese九三学社
Traditional Chinese九三學社
Literal meaningSeptember Third Society
Tibetan name
Zhuang name
ZhuangGiujsanh Yozse
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic“ 9 · 3 ” эрдэм шинжилгээний нийгэмлэг
Mongolian script﹃9 · 3 ﹄
ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠦ
Uyghur name
Uyghur« 3 - سېنتەبىر » ئىلمىي جەمئىيىتى
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᠵᡳᡠᠰᠠᠨ
RomanizationJiusan Xueshe
Headquarters of Jiusan Society in Haidian, Beijing

The Jiusan Society (Chinese: 九三学社; pinyin: Jiǔsān Xuéshè; lit. 'Nine-Three Academic Society') is one of the eight minor political parties in the People's Republic of China under the direction of the Chinese Communist Party.

The Jiusan Society is the seventh-ranking minor party in China.[2] The party's original name was "Democracy and Science Forum" on its informal founding in 1944; the current name refers to the date of Chinese victory in the Second Sino-Japanese War (3 September 1945).[3] The party is a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.[4][5]


The party was originally founded informally in 1944 as the "Democracy and Science Forum".[3]


The party's mission statement is to "lead the nation to power and the people to prosperity". The party's main focus is scientific and educational development.

The Jiusan Society has 30 province-level, 281 prefecture-level city, 29 county-level and 7,803 grassroot level organizations.[6]

The party publishes the newspapers Democracy and Science (民主与科学)[7] and Central Communications of the Jiusan Society (九三中央社讯).[8][9]


The party's membership mostly consists of high- and medium-level intellectuals in the fields of science, technology, and education.[10] As of 30 June 2022, the party has 204,069 members, of whom 116,071 are senior academicians.[6]


  1. Xu Deheng (许德珩), 1946–1987
  2. Zhou Peiyuan (周培源), 1987–1992
  3. Wu Jieping (吴阶平), 1992–2002
  4. Han Qide (韩启德), 2002–2017
  5. Wu Weihua (武维华), 2017–present[11]


  1. ^ "九三学社章程". www.93.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 17 January 2019. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  2. ^ "我国八个民主党派排序考". Lishui Municipal Committee of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang. 9 December 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2022.
  3. ^ a b Lu Yan (27 September 2018). "Heading in One Direction-- Beijing Review". Beijing Review. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  4. ^ Seymour, James D. (1987). China's satellite parties. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 28, 88. ISBN 978-0-87332-412-0.
  5. ^ Lim, Louisa (5 May 2014). The People's Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen Revisited. Oxford University Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-19-934772-8.
  6. ^ a b "九三学社简介" [Introduction to Jiusan Society]. Jiusan Society. Retrieved 5 December 2023.
  7. ^ "WKE". ds191954.net. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  8. ^ "搜索". www.93.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 27 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  9. ^ "社史研究通讯". www.93.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  10. ^ "A Quantitative Summary of Jiusan Society on its 71st Anniversary". www.93.org.cn. Archived from the original on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  11. ^ "武维华主席_主席、副主席_九三学社中央委员会". www.93.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.