|Location||People's Republic of China|
|Number||22 (1 claimed)|
Administrative division codes
Provinces (Chinese: 省; pinyin: Shěng) are the most numerous type of province-level divisions in China. There are currently 22 provinces administered by China and 1 province that is claimed, but not administered (Taiwan). The government of Chinese provinces consists of a Provincial People's Government headed by a governor that acts as the executive, a Provincial People's Congress with legislative powers, and a parallel provincial branch of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that elects a Party Secretary and a Provincial Standing Committee.
Provinces are the most common form of province-level governments. The legislative bodies of the provinces are the Provincial People's Congresses. The executive branch is the Provincial People's Government, led by a governor. The People's Government is answerable to both the State Council and the Provincial People's Congress. The provincial branch of the CCP has a Provincial Party Congress every five years, and elects a Standing Committee to exercise its authority when not in session. The Provincial Party Secretary is the de facto most important position in the province.
Main article: History of the administrative divisions of China
The first provinces were created in the Yuan dynasty, and have remained one of the most stable forms of Chinese government since then. They were created to help the Imperial court manage local county governments, which were too numerous and far-flung to be managed directly. The number of provinces grew steadily during subsequent dynasties, reaching 28 by the time of the Republic of China. During the Warlord Era, provinces became largely or completely autonomous and excercised significant national influence. Province-level units proliferated and under the early People's Republic there were over 50.
|Taipei (PRC claimed)
None, provincial government abolished (ROC)[h]