New areas
Simplified Chinese新区
Traditional Chinese新區
Literal meaningNew Area

The new areas or new districts of the People's Republic of China are new urban districts that are given special economic and development support by the Chinese Central Government or regional government. New areas are divided into two varieties: administrative or management and further divided into levels: state-level, provincial-level, and prefectural-level.

State-level new areas

State-level new areas
Simplified Chinese国家级新区
Traditional Chinese國家級新區
Literal meaningState-level new area
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese国家级开放开发新区
Traditional Chinese國家級開放開發新區
Literal meaningState-level open development new area

The State-level new areas of the People's Republic of China are special economic-development zones supported by the central government. The zones are parts of cities at various levels in the formal hierarchy but are known as "national-level" or "state-level" in reference to the preferential policies and privileges that are granted directly by the State Council. These privileges are to encourage and attract new developments (particularly foreign direct investment) to speed up the city's economy.[1]

Division Hanzi (S) & Pinyin Designated Area
Pudong New Area
浦东新区; Pǔdōng Xīnqū 11 October 1992[2] 1,210 Shanghai (Pudong)
Binhai New Area
滨海新区; Bīnhǎi Xīnqū 9 November 2009[3] 2,270 Tianjin (Binhai)
Liangjiang New Area 两江新区; Liǎngjiāng Xīnqū 18 June 2010[4] 1,205 Chongqing
parts of Jiangbei, Yubei, & Beibei
Zhoushan Archipelago New Area 舟山群岛新区; Zhōushān Qúndǎo Xīnqū 8 July 2011[5] 1,440 Zhoushan (Dinghai, Putuo, Daishan, & Shengsi)
Lanzhou New Area 兰州新区; Lánzhōu Xīnqū 20 August 2012[6] 806 Lanzhou
Nansha New Area 南沙新区; Nánshā Xīnqū 19 September 2012[7] 527 Guangzhou (Nansha)
Xixian New Area 西咸新区; Xīxián Xīnqū 6 January 2014[8] 882 Xi'an & Xianyang
parts of Hu, Chang'an, Weiyang, Qindu, Weicheng, Xingping, & Jingyang
Guian New Area 贵安新区; Guìān Xīnqū 6 January 2014[9] 1,795 Guiyang & Anshun
parts of Huaxi, Qingzhen, Pingba, & Xixiu
Xihai'an New Area
西海岸新区; Xīhǎiàn Xīnqū 3 June 2014[10] 2,096 Qingdao (Huangdao)
Jinpu New Area 金普新区; Jīnpǔ Xīnqū 23 June 2014[11] 2,299 Dalian
parts of Jinzhou & Pulandian
Tianfu New Area 天府新区; Tiānfǔ Xīnqū 2 October 2014[12] 1,578 Chengdu & Meishan
parts of Wuhou, Shuangliu, Longquanyi, Jianyang, Xinjin, Pengshan, & Renshou
Xiangjiang New Area 湘江新区; Xiāngjiāng Xīnqū 8 April 2015[13] 490 Changsha
parts of Yuelu, Wangcheng, & Ningxiang
Jiangbei New Area 江北新区; Jiāngběi Xīnqū 2 July 2015[14] 806 Nanjing
parts of Pukou, Luhe, & Qixia
Fuzhou New Area 福州新区; Fúzhōu Xīnqū 30 August 2015[15] 800 Fuzhou
parts of Mawei, Cangshan, Changle, & Fuqing
Dianzhong New Area 滇中新区; Diānzhōng Xīnqū 7 September 2015[16] 482 Kunming, Qujing, Chuxiong, & Yuxi
parts of Anning, Songming, Xundian, Lufeng, Malong, & Yimen
Harbin New Area 哈尔滨新区; Hārbīn Xīnqū 22 December 2015[17] 493 Harbin
parts of Songbei, Hulan, & Pingfang
Changchun New Area 长春新区; Chángchūn Xīnqū 2 February 2016[18] 499 Changchun
parts of Chaoyang, Kuancheng, Erdao, & Jiutai
Ganjiang New Area 赣江新区; Gànjiāng Xīnqū 14 June 2016[19] 465 Nanchang & Jiujiang
parts of Qingshanhu, Xinjian, Gongqingcheng, & Yongxiu
Xiong'an New Area 雄安新区; Xióng'ān Xīnqū 1 April 2017[20] 100 Baoding
parts of Anxin County, Rongcheng County, & Xiong County

Provincial-level and prefectural-level new areas

Provincial-level and prefectural-level new areas are not governed by the central government rather by the provincial or prefectural government.[citation needed]

County-level new areas

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (November 2020)

Township-level new areas


  1. ^ Liu, Qiang. 副省级新区建设风起:行政区划调整或将解冻?. 21st century economic report (21世纪经济报道). Ifeng Finance. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  2. ^ 国函〔1992〕145号 中华人民共和国行政区划(1992年). 全国行政区划信息查询平台. Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  3. ^ 国函〔2009〕125号 中华人民共和国二〇〇九年县级以上行政区划变更情况. 全国行政区划信息查询平台. Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  4. ^ 国函〔2010〕36号 "Brief Introduction to Liangjiang New Area", Liangjiang New Area, Liangjiang New Area Government, archived from the original on 21 March 2019, retrieved 20 August 2015
  5. ^ 国函〔2011〕77号 Wang, Shen. "China approves Zhoushan Archipelago New Area to promote oceanic economy". Xinhua. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  6. ^ 国函〔2012〕104号
  7. ^ 国函〔2012〕128号 China Daily Nansha New Area launched Updated: 2012-09-13 14:56 "China has mapped out a new State-level development zone in South China's Guangdong province, the Shanghai Securities News reported on Wednesday. As the country's sixth State-level New Area, the Nansha New Area is expected to get national support from a series of preferential policies and innovation reforms on tax policy, land management, financial innovation and industrial development. The other zones are in Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing, as well as Zhejiang and Gansu provinces."
  8. ^ 国函〔2014〕2号
  9. ^ 国函〔2014〕3号
  10. ^ 国函〔2014〕71号
  11. ^ 国函〔2014〕76号
  12. ^ 国函〔2014〕133号
  13. ^ 国函〔2015〕66号
  14. ^ 国函〔2015〕103号
  15. ^ 国函〔2015〕137号
  16. ^ 国函〔2015〕141号
  17. ^ 国函〔2015〕217号
  18. ^ 国函〔2016〕31号
  19. ^ 国函〔2016〕96号
  20. ^ China to create Xiongan New Area in Hebei, Xinhua, 2017-04-01
  21. ^ 荆门简介 (in Simplified Chinese). Jingmen People's Government. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2018. 现辖{...}漳河新区{...}
  22. ^ "民和川垣新区". Retrieved 2020-11-28.
  23. ^ 综述 (in Simplified Chinese). Shayang County People's Government. Archived from the original on 5 April 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018. 现辖13个镇2个新区和1个省级经济开发区,其中:13个镇分别为五里铺、十里铺、纪山、拾迴桥、后港、毛李、官垱、李市、马良、高阳、沈集、曾集、沙洋镇,2个新区分别为滨江新区和新港区,1个省级经济开发区为沙洋经济开发区。全县现有249个村31个社区居委会。县人民政府驻沙洋镇。
  24. ^ 大悟县概况 (in Simplified Chinese). Xiaogan People's Government. Retrieved 29 March 2018. 县辖{...}高铁新区。
  25. ^ 高新区(山南新区). Archived from the original on 2018-03-30. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  26. ^ 2018年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:和田县 [2018 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Hotan County] (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2018. Retrieved 23 December 2019. 统计用区划代码 名称 {...}和田县经济新区