Area (simplified Chinese: 地区; traditional Chinese: 地區; pinyin: Dìqū) is a type of township-level divisions of China that is only used within Beijing. It is an intermediate designation between the rural township or town and the more urban subdistrict, and is given to settlements resembling desakotas.[1]

Usually, each area within Beijing will also carry its previous respective designation as a town or township, and the town/township government will take additional role as the area office (Chinese: 地区办事处). Such a system is referred to as "One agency, two nameplates" (Chinese: 一个机构,两个牌子). For the most part, the area and town/township will share the same place name, such as Nanmofang and Liangxiang. However, there are also exceptions, such as the town name of Wanliu Area being Haidian.

History

Area as a township-level divisions was first implemented inside Chaoyang District, with the creation of 4 areas in 1993. Below is a table listing the creation dates of all areas:[2]

Year District Areas Created
1993 Chaoyang Nanmofang, Gaobeidian, Jiangtai and Taiyanggong
1994 Mentougou Wangping
1998 Shunyi Renhe, Houshayu, Tianzhu, Yangzhen, Niulanshan and Nanfaxin
1999 Chaoyang Sunhe
Fangshan Liangxiang
Shunyi Mapo
Changping Nankou, Machikou and Shahe
2000 Fangshan Zhoukoudian and Liulihe
Tongzhou Liyuan and Yongshun (Both abolished in 2020)[3]
2001 Haidian Wanliu and Dongsheng
2002 Chaoyang Xiaohongmen and Changying
Huairou Huairou, Yanqi and Miaocheng
Pinggu Yuyang, Yukou, Mafang and Jinhaihu
2003 Chaoyang Shibalidian, Pingfang, Dongfeng, Laiguangying, Sanjianfang, Guanzhuang and Dongba
2004 Chaoyang Jinzhan, Cuigezhuang, Heizhuanghu, Dougezhuang and Wangsiying
Changping Dongxiaokou and Huilongguan (The latter was planned to be abolished in 2015, and actually abolished in 2019)[4]
2005 Daxing Yizhuang, Huangcun, Jiugong and Xihongmen
Miyun Tanying
2007 Daxing Yinghai
2010 Fengtai Lugouqiao, Huaxiang and Nanyuan (All of which were abolished in 2021)[5]
2011 Haidian Wenquan, Sijiqing, Xibeiwang, Sujiatuo and Shangzhuang
2012 Mentougou Yongding and Longquan

List of all current areas

As of 2021, these are a total of 56 areas within Beijing. They are listed as follows:[6]

Chaoyang District

Haidian District

Mentougou District

Fangshan District

Shunyi District

Changping District

Daxing District

Huairou District

Pinggu District

Miyun District

References

  1. ^ "db11 t 064-2009 北京市行政区划代码-db11 t 064-2009 北京市行政区划代码". gcbz.org. Retrieved 2022-10-19.
  2. ^ Zhong hua ren min gong he guo zheng qu da dian. Bei jing shi juan. Li li guo, Li wan jun, Wu shi min, 李立国., 李万钧., 吴世民. Bei jing: Zhong guo she hui chu ban she. 2013. ISBN 978-7-5087-4058-4. OCLC 910451741.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ "政策文件文章页_北京市通州区人民政府". www.bjtzh.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-10-23.
  4. ^ 北京青年报 (2019-06-22). "北京回龙观正式一分为三:由三个街道分块管理". news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2022-10-23.
  5. ^ "北京市丰台区人民政府关于变更部分行政区划的通告-北京市丰台区人民政府网站". www.bjft.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-10-23.
  6. ^ "2021年统计用区划代码". www.stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-10-19.