formally
Village-level divisions
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese村级行政区
Traditional Chinese村級行政區
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese
Second alternative Chinese name
Chinese嘎查
Tibetan name
Tibetanགྲོང་ཚོ
Zhuang name
ZhuangCunh
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillicгацаа (gatsaa) translate as Gaqa(嘎查)
ᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
Uyghur name
Uyghurكەنت

Villages (Chinese: ; pinyin: Cūn), formally village-level divisions (村级行政区; Cūn Jí Xíngzhèngqū) in China, serve as a fundamental organizational unit for its rural population (census, mail system). Basic local divisions like neighborhoods and communities are not informal, but have defined boundaries and designated heads (one per area). In 2000, China's densely populated villages (>100 persons/square km) had a population greater than 500 million and covered more than 2 million square kilometers, or more than 20% of China's total area.[1] By 2020, all incorporated villages (with proper conditions making it possible) had road access, the last village to be connected being a remote village in Sichuan province's Butuo County.[2]

Types of villages

Urban

Note
Urban village (Chinese: 城中村; pinyin: chéngzhōngcūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within urban area, which is not an administrative division.

Rural

A typical rural village in Hainan, China
A typical rural village in Hainan, China
The building housing the local village committee and other government offices and organizations in Baiwan Village, Xiqiuwan Township, Badong County, Hubei
The building housing the local village committee and other government offices and organizations in Baiwan Village, Xiqiuwan Township, Badong County, Hubei
Note
Natural village (Chinese: 自然村; pinyin: zìráncūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within rural area, which is not an administrative division.

Lists of village-level divisions

Villages ()

List of villages in China

Provinces
Autonomous areas
Municipalities

See also

References

  1. ^ Ellis 2004.
  2. ^ "Paved road links China's "last village" with outside world - Xinhua | English.news.cn".
Bibliography