Suining
遂宁市
Sui-ning
Suining 8022.jpg
Location of Suining in Sichuan
Location of Suining in Sichuan
Coordinates (Suining municipal government): 30°31′59″N 105°35′35″E / 30.533°N 105.593°E / 30.533; 105.593Coordinates: 30°31′59″N 105°35′35″E / 30.533°N 105.593°E / 30.533; 105.593
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceSichuan
Prefecture-level city establishedFebruary 1985
Municipal seatChuanshan District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryYang Hongbo
 • MayorZhao Shiyong
Area
 • Prefecture-level city5,326 km2 (2,056 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city3,252,551
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Urban
680,000
 • Urban density1,064/km2 (2,760/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
629000
Area code(s)(0)825
ISO 3166 codeCN-SC-09
GDPCNY 49.523 Billion USD 7.716 Billion
GDP per capitaCNY 14,498 USD 2,142
Licence Plate Prefixes川J

Suining (simplified Chinese: 遂宁; traditional Chinese: 遂寧; Sichuanese Pinyin: Xu4nin2; Sichuanese pronunciation: [ɕy˨˦nin˨˩]; pinyin: Sùiníng; Wade–Giles: Sui-ning) is a prefecture-level city of eastern Sichuan province in Southwest China. In 2002, Suining had a population of 658,798.[2]

Geography and climate

Map including Suining (labeled as 遂寧 SUI-NING) (AMS, 1957)
Map including Suining (labeled as 遂寧 SUI-NING) (AMS, 1957)

Suining is located in the center of the Sichuan Basin and on the central reaches of the Fu River, bordering Chongqing, Guang'an and Nanchong to the east, Neijiang and Ziyang to the south, the provincial capital of Chengdu to the west, and Deyang and Mianyang to the north. Its prefecture, or administrative, area ranges in latitude from 30° 10' 50" to 31° 10' 50" N, or 108.9 kilometres (67.7 mi) and in longitude from 105° 03' 26" to 106° 59' 49" E, or 90.3 kilometres (56.1 mi). While much of the prefecture is mountainous, the urban area itself, which occupies 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi), is located on flat land.

Suining has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) and is largely mild and humid, with four distinct seasons. Winter is short, mild, and foggy, though actual precipitation is low. January averages 6.6 °C (43.9 °F), and while frost may occur, snow is rare. Summers are long, hot and humid, with the daily average in July and August around 27 °C (81 °F), with August being slightly warmer. Rainfall is light in winter and can be heavy in summer, and 75% of the annual total occurs from May to September.

Climate data for Suining (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
22.9
(73.2)
30.7
(87.3)
34.7
(94.5)
36.4
(97.5)
36.4
(97.5)
38.6
(101.5)
40.3
(104.5)
40.1
(104.2)
31.5
(88.7)
25.5
(77.9)
17.8
(64.0)
40.3
(104.5)
Average high °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
12.4
(54.3)
17.1
(62.8)
22.7
(72.9)
27.1
(80.8)
29.0
(84.2)
31.6
(88.9)
31.7
(89.1)
27.0
(80.6)
21.3
(70.3)
16.5
(61.7)
10.7
(51.3)
21.4
(70.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
8.9
(48.0)
12.9
(55.2)
17.9
(64.2)
22.2
(72.0)
24.6
(76.3)
27.2
(81.0)
26.9
(80.4)
22.9
(73.2)
17.8
(64.0)
13.0
(55.4)
7.9
(46.2)
17.4
(63.3)
Average low °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
6.4
(43.5)
9.7
(49.5)
14.3
(57.7)
18.5
(65.3)
21.4
(70.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.5
(74.3)
20.1
(68.2)
15.4
(59.7)
10.6
(51.1)
5.8
(42.4)
14.5
(58.1)
Record low °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
−0.7
(30.7)
4.8
(40.6)
9.2
(48.6)
13.8
(56.8)
18.4
(65.1)
17.0
(62.6)
14.0
(57.2)
2.9
(37.2)
1.4
(34.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.9
(0.55)
16.1
(0.63)
28.0
(1.10)
55.0
(2.17)
101.1
(3.98)
150.0
(5.91)
194.4
(7.65)
158.8
(6.25)
115.2
(4.54)
59.1
(2.33)
27.3
(1.07)
14.1
(0.56)
933
(36.74)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.1 8.2 9.8 12.1 13.1 13.8 13.3 10.4 14.7 14.1 10.1 7.5 135.2
Average relative humidity (%) 84 81 77 75 74 80 80 79 82 84 84 85 80
Source 1: China Meteorological Data Service Center[3]
Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 1971–2000)

Places of interest

According to local legend, Suining is the Hometown of Guanyin and her sisters. A folk song declares that one resides at Lingquan Temple, another at Guangde Temple, while only the third sister is afar, in the Putuo Mountains of Southern China.[4]

There exists Lingquan Temple, Guangde Temple, and the Dead Sea, which are regarded as the 4A scenic zone. And there is also a Celadon Museum of Sichuan, which is referred to as a 3A scenic zone.

The percentage of land-covered forests of Suining is approximately 34%, it's the first Provincial Environmental Protection City in Sichuan. The 30,000-capacity Suining Sports Centre Stadium is located in the city. The stadium opened in 2014 and it is used mostly for football matches.

Administrative divisions

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density (/km2)
Chuanshan District 船山区 Chuánshān Qū 656,760 618 1,063
Anju District 安居区 Ānjū Qū 639,125 1,258 508
Pengxi County 蓬溪县 Péngxī Xiàn 553,239 1,251 442
Shehong 射洪市 Shèhóng Shí 924,531 1,496 618
Daying County 大英县 Dàyīng Xiàn 478,896 703 681

Transport

Highway

Rail

Suining is the junction for the Dazhou–Chengdu and Suining–Chongqing Railways, which collective form the westernmost section of the Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway.

Well-known inhabitants

References

  1. ^ Geohive : China : Sichuan : Administrative Units Archived 2013-05-12 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ http://data.un.org
  3. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  4. ^ http://www.snxw.com/whly/ShowArticle.asp?ArticleID=172824[dead link] Retrieved 2012-12-4