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Coordinates: 33°46′00″N 113°11′33″E / 33.7666°N 113.1926°E / 33.7666; 113.1926

Pingdingshan
平顶山市
Pingtingshan
Nickname(s): 
Eagle City
Pingdingshan in Henan
Pingdingshan
Pingdingshan
Location on the North China Plain
Pingdingshan
Pingdingshan
Pingdingshan (China)
Coordinates (Pingdingshan CPPCC): 33°44′12″N 113°17′47″E / 33.7366°N 113.2963°E / 33.7366; 113.2963
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Municipal seatXinhua District
Government
 • Secretary of Municipal Committee of the CPCDeng Yongjian
Area
 • Prefecture-level city7,874 km2 (3,040 sq mi)
 • Urban
384 km2 (148 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,771 km2 (684 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census for total, 2010 otherwise)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city4,987,137
 • Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Urban
979,130
 • Urban density2,500/km2 (6,600/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,756,333
 • Metro density990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
467000
Area code(s)0375
ISO 3166 codeCN-HA-04
GDP245.584 billion Renminbi (2020)
Major NationalitiesHan, Hui
County-level divisions10
Township-level divisions124
License plate prefixesD
Websitewww.pds.gov.cn
Pingdingshan
Simplified Chinese平顶山
Traditional Chinese平頂山

Pingdingshan (simplified Chinese: 平顶山; traditional Chinese: 平頂山; pinyin: Píngdǐngshān), also known as Eagle City (simplified Chinese: 鹰城; traditional Chinese: 鷹城; pinyin: Yīngchéng),[2] is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province, China.[2] It had 4,904,701 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,756,333 lived in the built-up (or metro) area including Ye county being conurbated.[3]

History

In Chinese, Pingdingshan means “mountain with a flat top”. The city is named after a nearby plateau, the top of which is very flat. The reason for the nickname of the city "Eagle City" can be traced back to two thousand years ago during the "Spring and Autumn Annals". There was a small country royal named Ying who lived in Pingdingshan area. In ancient times, the word "Ying" had the same pronunciation as Eagle in Chinese, therefore people also called Pingdingshan "Eagle City".

Pingdingshan was established as a prefecture-level city in 1957.[2]

Geography

Pingdingshan borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the north, Xuchang and Luohe to the east, Zhumadian to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, and Luoyang to the west.

The Funiu Mountains run through the west of Pingdingshan, and the North China Plains occupy the city's eastern portion.[2] Mount Yao is located in the city.[2] Over 30 rivers run through the city, and 163 lakes and reservoirs are located in Pingdingshan.[2]

Politics

CCP Municipal Committee Secretary

Since July 2021, Zhang Leiming [zh] has served as Pingdingshan's Chinese Communist Party Committee Secretary.[4]

Mayor

Pingdingshan's current mayor is Zhao Wenfeng [zh], who has been serving in the position since July 2021.[5]

From 2003.08 to 2005.04 Wang Zhaoping was the Mayor of Pingdingshan.[citation needed] From 2005.04 to 2008.03 Zhao Qinglin was the Mayor of Pingdingshan.[citation needed] From 2008.03 to 2010.10 Li Endong was the Mayor of Pingdingshan.[citation needed] From 2010.10 to 2013.04 Chen Jiansheng was the Mayor of Pingdingshan.[citation needed] From 2013.04 to January 2018 Zhang Guowei was the Mayor of Pingdingshan.[citation needed] Zhang Leiming, the current CCP Municipal Committee Secretary, had served as the Mayor from January 2018 until July 2021.[4]

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Pingdingshan administers 4 districts, 2 county-level cities and 4 counties.

Administrative divisions Chinese Area (km2) Population Post code
Xinhua District 新华区 157 km2 or 61 sq mi 389,866 467002
Weidong District 卫东区 103 km2 or 40 sq mi 302,603 467021
Zhanhe District 湛河区 124 km2 or 48 sq mi 286,661 467000
Shilong District 石龙区 35 km2 or 14 sq mi 54,912 467045
Ruzhou City 汝州市 1,573 km2 or 607 sq mi 927,934 467500
Wugang City 舞钢市 640 km2 or 250 sq mi 313,828 462500
Lushan County 鲁山县 2,406 km2 or 929 sq mi 789,901 467002
Baofeng County 宝丰县 722 km2 or 279 sq mi 490,269 467400
Ye County 叶县 1,387 km2 or 536 sq mi 777,203 467200
Jia County 郏县 727 km2 or 281 sq mi 571,524 467100
Map

Demographics

Pingdingshan has a permanent population of about 4,987,100 as of 2020.[6]

According to a 2019 publication by the city's government, there are 79,467 people (1.8% of the total population) in Pingdingshan who are ethnic minorities, representing 48 different recognized groups.[7] The largest ethnic minority in Pingdingshan is the Hui people, who number 62,040, accounting for 77.8% of the city's total ethnic minority population.[7] Other sizable ethnic minority populations in Pingdingshan include the Manchus, who number 8,780, and the Mongols, who number 6,096.[7] The remaining 45 ethnic groups account for just 2,551 people.[7] Zhanhe District, Jia County, and Ye County all have over 10,000 people who identify as ethnic minorities.[7] Pingdingshan has two ethnic townships: Mazhuang Hui Ethnic Township [zh] in Ye County and Yaozhuang Hui Ethnic Township [zh] in Jia County.[7] 48 administrative villages in Pingdingshan have an ethnic minority population of 30% or more, or more than 300 ethnic minorities residing in them.[7] There are 18 schools throughout the city designated for ethnic minorities: 1 Mongol primary school, 15 Hui primary schools, and 2 Hui secondary schools.[7]

Economy

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2010)

Pingdingshan's economy has grown rapidly in the 21st century, with the city's gross domestic product (GDP) more than doubling from 112.781 billion renminbi (RMB) in 2009 to 245.584 billion in 2020.[8] Pingdingshan had been identified by the Economist Intelligence Unit in the November 2010 Access China White Paper as a member of the CHAMPS (Chongqing, Hefei, Anshan, Maanshan, Pingdingshan and Shenyang), an economic profile of the top 20 emerging cities in China.[9] The city's economy is largely reliant on its secondary and tertiary sectors, which comprise 110.803 billion RMB (45.12% of total GDP) and 114.318 billion RMB (46.55% of total GDP), respectively.[10][11] The city's primary sector comprises just 20.464 billion RMB (8.33% of total GDP).[12] The city's tertiary sector has seen particularly rapid growth during this period, growing by about 300% from 2009 to 2020.[11]

Major companies located in Pingdingshan include China Pingmei Shenma Group [zh], Pinggao Group (Chinese: 平高集团), Wugang Company (Chinese: 舞钢公司), and Tianrui Cement [zh].[2]

Natural resources

Pingdingshan hosts one of the largest coal fields in all of China,[2] and has attracted international attention for its prominent coal mining industry.[13][14] However, beginning in the latter half of the 2010s, coal production in the city began declining, due to a depletion of the city's coal mines, increased environmental regulations, and a series of high-profile mining accidents.[13][14] Sodium and iron are mined on a large-scale in Pingdingshan,[2] and other mineral resources include manganese, aluminum, fluorite, and gypsum.[citation needed] Pingdingshan has about 10 billion tons of coal reserves,[2] the largest coalfield area in the South and East of China;[citation needed] well known as "the coal storage of the central area of China".[citation needed] The city also 230 billion tons of salt reserves, ranking first in Henan province, second in China.[citation needed] Henan province houses some of the biggest limestone reserves in China estimated over 24 billion tons, Pindingshan is the cement center for limestone mine production and quarrying in the province.[15] Pingdingshan is very rich in water resources compared to other inland cities. It has Baiguishan Reservoir, Zhaopingtai Reservoir, Yanshan Reservoir, Shimantan Reservoir and Gushitan Reservoir.[citation needed]

Education

Colleges and universities

High schools

Religion

Pingdingshan has state-sanctioned Buddhist, Taoist, Islamic, Catholic, and Protestant organizations.[7] Officially, there are 78 Buddhist temples, 100 Taoist temples, 70 mosques, 2 Catholic churches, and 104 Protestant churches.[7]

Tourism

Twin towns — sister cities

Pingdingshan, People's Republic of China is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o 鹰城概况 [Eagle City Overview]. www.pds.gov.cn (in Chinese). Pingdingshan Municipal People's Government. 2021-05-24. Archived from the original on 2021-11-12. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  3. ^ "China: Administrative Division of Hénán / 河南省". Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  4. ^ a b 张雷明 简历 [Zhang Leiming CV]. People's Daily (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2021-11-25. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  5. ^ 赵文峰 简历 [Zhao Wenfeng CV]. People's Daily (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2021-11-25. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  6. ^ 人口状况 [Population Status]. www.pds.gov.cn (in Chinese). Pingdingshan Municipal People's Government. 2021-05-24. Archived from the original on 2021-11-12. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j 民族宗教 [Ethnicity and Religion]. www.pds.gov.cn (in Chinese). Pingdingshan Municipal People's Government. 2019-07-31. Archived from the original on 2020-10-31. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  8. ^ 中国 国内生产总值:河南:平顶山 [China Gross Domestic Product: Henan: Pingdingshan]. www.ceicdata.com (in Chinese).((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Grayling. "THE RISE OF THE 'CHAMPS' - NEW REPORT MAPS BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY IN CHINA'S FASTEST GROWING CITIES". SourceWire. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  10. ^ 中国 国内生产总值:第二产业:河南:平顶山 [China Gross Domestic Product: Secondary Sector: Henan: Pingdingshan]. www.ceicdata.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2021-11-12.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ a b 中国 国内生产总值:第三产业:河南:平顶山 [China Gross Domestic Product: Tertiary Sector: Henan: Pingdingshan]. www.ceicdata.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2021-11-12.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ 中国 国内生产总值:第一产业:河南:平顶山 [China Gross Domestic Product: Primary Sector: Henan: Pingdingshan]. www.ceicdata.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2021-11-12.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ a b Stanway, David (2021-11-11). "China coal's last hurrah comes too late for old mining towns". Reuters. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  14. ^ a b Choi, Avery (2021-11-12). "China coal boom skips old towns". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2021-11-12.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "China Mineral Resources 2018" (PDF).
  16. ^ 河南城建学院 [Henan University of Urban Construction]. www.hncj.edu.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2021-11-12. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  17. ^ 平顶山职业技术学院欢迎您! [Pingdingshan Vocational and Technical College Welcomes You!]. www.pdsjyxy.com/ (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2021-08-15. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  18. ^ 平顶山工业职业技术学院欢迎您! [Pingdingshan Polytechnic College Welcomes You!]. www.pzxy.edu.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2020-08-06. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  19. ^ 河南质量工程职业学院 [Henan Quality Institute]. www.zlxy.edu.cn/ (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2021-11-12. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  20. ^ "Sister city relationship Syzran" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2010-09-25.