Aral
阿拉尔市
ئارال شەھىرى
Aral (red) in Xinjiang Province (orange) and China
Aral (red) in Xinjiang Province (orange) and China
Coordinates (Aral municipal government): 40°32′53″N 81°16′52″E / 40.548°N 81.281°E / 40.548; 81.281Coordinates: 40°32′53″N 81°16′52″E / 40.548°N 81.281°E / 40.548; 81.281
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Area
 • Total5,258.739 km2 (2,030.410 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 Census)
 • Total166,205
 • Density32/km2 (82/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Aral, Xinjiang
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese阿拉尔
Traditional Chinese阿拉爾
Uyghur name
Uyghurئارال

Aral[1][2] is a sub-prefecture-level city surrounded by Aksu Prefecture in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. Aral means "island" in Uyghur.[3] The city's name is also often written as Alar.[4]

History

According to Radio Free Asia, a United States government-funded news service, Aral was created in the 1950s by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps to facilitate Han Chinese immigration to the region.[5]

Aral became a city in 2002 and its population increased to 166,205 in 2010.

On January 23, 2013, 474.208 km2 (183.093 sq mi) of territory was transferred from Awat County (Awati) to Aral city[6] and 802.733 km2 (309.937 sq mi) of territory was transferred from Aksu city (Akesu) to Aral city.[7]

Geography

The city has an administrative area of 5,258.739 km2 (2,030.410 sq mi). It is bordered by mountainous regions to the north and northwest and the Taklamakan Desert to the east and south.

Demographics

As of 2015, 167,697 (93.6%) of the 179,214 residents of the county were Han Chinese, 6,036 (3.4%) were Uyghur and 5,481 were from other ethnic groups.[8]

Education

Tarim University is located in Aral.

See also

References

  1. ^ The official spelling according to Zhōngguó dìmínglù, 中国地名录 (Beijing, SinoMaps Press 中国地图出版社 1997); ISBN 7-5031-1718-4
  2. ^ The official spelling is Aral, according to the Zhōngguó dìmínglù, 中国地名录 (Beijing, SinoMaps Press 1997); ISBN 7-5031-1718-4; p. 1, 299.
  3. ^ "Free Uighur Dictionary". Archived from the original on 2015-10-18. Retrieved 2014-05-03.
  4. ^ Sharma, Yojana (18 July 2014). "Government rushes through Kashgar university plan". University World News. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  5. ^ Gulchehre Hoja, Joshua Lipes (2020-04-13). "Subsidies For Han Settlers 'Engineering Demographics' in Uyghur-Majority Southern Xinjiang". Radio Free Asia. Translated by Elise Anderson. Archived from the original on 14 April 2020. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  6. ^ 阿瓦提县历史沿革 [Awat County Historical Development] (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH.org. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2019. 2013年1月23日,自治区政府(新政函[2013]17号)批复同意将阿瓦提县474.208平方千米区域划归阿拉尔市管辖。
  7. ^ 阿克苏市历史沿革 [Aksu City Historical Development] (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH.org. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  8. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 (in Simplified Chinese). شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى 新疆维吾尔自治区统计局 Statistic Bureau of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. 15 March 2017. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.