Wenling[1]
温岭市
Wenling[1] is located in Zhejiang
Wenling[1]
Wenling[1]
Location in Zhejiang
Coordinates: 28°022′N 121°022′E / 28.367°N 121.367°E / 28.367; 121.367
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceZhejiang
Prefecture-level cityTaizhou
Area
 • Land926 km2 (358 sq mi)
 • Water1,079 km2 (417 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,366,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(0)576
License Plate Prefix浙J
Websitewww.wl.gov.cn

Wenling (Wenling dialect: Ueng-ling Zy [ʔuəŋ ʔliŋ zɿ]; simplified Chinese: 温岭市; traditional Chinese: 溫嶺市; pinyin: Wēnlǐng Shì) is a coastal county-level city in the municipal region of Taizhou, in southeastern Zhejiang province, China. It borders Luqiao and Huangyan to the north, Yuhuan to the south, Yueqing to the west, looks out to the East China Sea to the east. Wenling locates on 28°22'N, 121°21'E, approximately 300 km (190 mi) south of Shanghai.

Jiangxia Tidal Power Station is located there as well as a number of e-waste recycling centers which have contributed to soil contamination in the region.[2]

Because of its geographical location, Wenling has long suffered from typhoons. On August 12, 2004, Typhoon Rananim, the sixth strongest typhoon in PRC history, landed in Shitang Town, Wenling. On 10 August 2019, Typhoon Lekima, the third strongest in PRC history, came ashore at Chengnan Town, Wenling.

History

During the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, Wenling was not part of the Chinese state but rather part of the separate culture of Dong'ou. Following the third-century BC conquests of the Qin Empire, it was incorporated into the Minzhong Prefecture before being moved to Kuaiji under the Han. From the Tang to the Ming, Wenling was divided between Taizhou's Huangyan District and Wenzhou's Yueqing District.

In 1469, Taiping County was formed in the area from Fangyan, Taiping, and Fanchang, three villages formerly incorporated into Huangyan. Yueqing County's Shanmen and Yuhuan villages were ceded in 1476. In 1513, the county seat built 2.5 kilometers (1.6 mi) of city wall, roughly squared, giving it the name of "Square Castle". In 1914, the county was renamed Wenling to distinguish it from counties with same name in Shanxi, Sichuan, and Anhui. Wenling ("warm mountain") was once another name of Wenqiao Town.

Wenling was conquered by Communist forces on May 28, 1949, and the county government was created. In March 1994, Wenling was made a county-level "city".

Geography

Climate

Climate data for Wenling (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.0
(77.0)
27.6
(81.7)
30.5
(86.9)
32.0
(89.6)
33.9
(93.0)
36.6
(97.9)
40.6
(105.1)
38.6
(101.5)
37.3
(99.1)
33.7
(92.7)
29.7
(85.5)
25.2
(77.4)
40.6
(105.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
12.9
(55.2)
16.1
(61.0)
21.3
(70.3)
25.5
(77.9)
28.5
(83.3)
32.7
(90.9)
32.2
(90.0)
28.7
(83.7)
24.4
(75.9)
19.5
(67.1)
14.1
(57.4)
22.3
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.5
(45.5)
8.6
(47.5)
11.8
(53.2)
16.7
(62.1)
21.3
(70.3)
24.9
(76.8)
28.7
(83.7)
28.4
(83.1)
25.1
(77.2)
20.5
(68.9)
15.5
(59.9)
9.9
(49.8)
18.2
(64.8)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
5.6
(42.1)
8.7
(47.7)
13.3
(55.9)
18.2
(64.8)
22.2
(72.0)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
22.3
(72.1)
17.3
(63.1)
12.4
(54.3)
6.7
(44.1)
15.2
(59.4)
Record low °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
2.7
(36.9)
8.9
(48.0)
14.6
(58.3)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
15.2
(59.4)
6.0
(42.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
−4.3
(24.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 79.3
(3.12)
84.5
(3.33)
139.1
(5.48)
125.1
(4.93)
175.5
(6.91)
237.4
(9.35)
149.1
(5.87)
311.4
(12.26)
207.3
(8.16)
88.8
(3.50)
96.0
(3.78)
69.6
(2.74)
1,763.1
(69.43)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.3 13.4 17.6 16.0 16.1 17.5 12.2 15.8 12.8 7.8 10.9 10.7 163.1
Average snowy days 1.6 1.4 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 3.9
Average relative humidity (%) 72 75 76 76 79 83 78 79 78 73 75 70 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 99.7 90.9 108.8 125.9 129.9 108.7 215.4 194.8 146.8 152.6 110.1 118.6 1,602.2
Percent possible sunshine 31 29 29 33 31 26 51 48 40 43 35 37 36
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]

Demographics

According to the 2020 Chinese census, Wenling’s resident population was 1416199, an increase of 3.6% from the 2010 census. With a population density of 1529 inhabitants per square kilometer, Wenling is the eighth-most densely populated county-level city in China. In 2021, the population with registered households in Wenling was 1216235.

Migrants account for 29.6% of the total resident population. Guizhou is the top province of origin of the migrants.

Language

Like the majority of areas in Zhejiang, most people from Wenling speak a dialect of Wu Chinese, known as Wenling Hua. It is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin Chinese, and partially intelligible with (also Wu) Shanghainese. There is also a small portion of Min Nan speakers in the southeastern regions, especially in Shitang Town. The linguistic diversity of some regions has resulted in a segment of the population becoming fluent in speaking up to three languages, when Mandarin is included.

Economy

In the 2022 CCID Top 100 Counties, Wenling ranked 16th. It has a GDP of 125.69 billion yuan in 2021, the GDP per capita is 103158 yuan (15990 US dollar). The services sector accounts for 48.7% of Wenling’s total GDP of 125.69 billion yuan in 2021. With a GDP of 55.92 billion yuan, the industrial sector contributes 44.5%. While agriculture and allied sectors share 6.8%.

Wenling is a major manufacturing hub, the largest industrial sector is manufacturing of pumps, valves and compressors. Five out of seven publicly traded pump manufacturers in China are headquartered in Wenling. Other notable industrial sectors include shoemaking, manufacturing of bearings, gears, shafts and transmission components, manufacturing of automotive parts and accessories, manufacturing of electric machines.

Construction is also a pillar of the city’s economy, it comprises 20% of the industrial sector.

Companies headquartered in Wenling

Education

For primary and junior secondary education, the city is divided into several public school districts and is also served by a few private schools. There are 85 primary schools (including 34 school campuses and 7 private schools), 33 junior secondary schools (including 3 school campuses and 3 private schools), one nine-year school, one sports school, one art school and one special school. The enrollment number for the first grade in 2022 is 15620, the number for the seventh grade is 14408. New students enrolled in public schools are qualified by household registration and family property ownership. There are ten migrant schools for the children of migrant workers who are not eligible to enroll in public schools.

For senior secondary education, there are fourteen regular high schools and three vocational schools. The enrollment number for the first grade of high school in 2020 is 6170, and the number for the first grade of vocational school is 5095. Students are admitted on the basis of their zhongkao results.

There are 189 kindergartens, 134 of which are private.

Some students may participate in extracurricular activities. Adults can take adult education at training institutes. There are 149 training institutes, covering the training of sports, arts, English and skills training.

There is an open university offering distance learning. Residents may use the services of the Wenling Library and its dozens of branches.

Primary and junior secondary schools

Senior secondary schools

Vocational schools

Government

The municipal government is regulated by the local committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), headed by the Wenling CCP committee secretary. The local CCP committee issues administrative orders, manages the economy, directs the Standing Committee of the local People's Congress in policy-making and supervision of local government, and directs the Standing Committee of the local People's Consultative Conference in consultation.

Government officials include the mayor and several deputy mayors. Numerous bureaus deal with law, public security and other matters.

Administrative divisions

Songmen (labelled as Sung-men 松門) (1953)

The county-level city of Wenling currently administers 5 subdistricts and 11 towns.

Transportation

Public transportation

Taizhou Rail Transit Line S1 serves Wenling Railway Station and the western portion of the city, terminating at Chengnan.

There are 26 bus routes serving the urban area operated by 3 bus agencies and 62 bus routes serving the rural area.

Railways

Wenling Railway Station is located in Daxi and served by Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou Railway and Hangzhou–Taizhou high-speed railway. In 2017, its annual ridership is about 8.5 million.

Highways and roads

G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway runs through the northwest of Wenling. G1523 Ningbo–Dongguan Expressway runs through the east of Wenling. Both connect Ningbo and Wenzhou.

Other arterial roads include China National Highway 104, China National Highway 228, Zhejiang Provincial Highway 225, Zhejiang Provincial Highway 226, Zhejiang Provincial Highway 324, Daxi-Shinian-Songmen First Grade Highway, Luqiao-Zeguo-Taiping First Grade Highway and Luqiao-Zeguo-Taiping Elevated Highway.

Airports

There is no airport in Wenling. Taizhou Luqiao Airport is the closest, located 26 kilometers (16 miles) to the north. Wenling is planning to build a general airport in Dongpu Farm.

Cycling

Public bicycle service was launched in December 2011 with 3000 bikes and 300 bike racks in the urban area and selected towns. There are 10000 residents commuted by public bicycles each day in 2016. More separated bike lanes are installed in both urban and rural areas.

Hellobike, a private bike sharing service provider, has services in the urban area.

Food

QianGao
  1. Qiangao (嵌糕; pinyin: Qiàngāo) is made with rice cake (Niangao) and many different dishes like fried noddle, carrots, potatoes, pork, tofu, and whatever people want. Qiangao is shaped like a big dumpling, and all the dishes are stuffed inside of it.[5]
  2. Shanfenhu
    Shanfenhu (山粉糊; pinyin: Shānfenhú) is made with Shanfen which is the powder made from potato related plants. Shanfenhu is sticky and gelatinous. Different things are commonly added to it. For example, for a salty taste, pork, mushroom, beans, tofu, peanut, etc. can be added; for a sweet dish, red dates, raisins, lotus seeds, brown sugar, etc. can be added.[6]
  3. Paoxia
    Paoxia (泡虾; pinyin: Pàoxiā) is a famous street snack in Wenling. It is translated as "Fried Shrimp," but it is not actual shrimp. It is fried dough made with wheat flour and stuffed with pork and cabbage.[5]
  4. Chuiyuan
    Chuiyuan (炊圆; pinyin: Chūiyuán) is made with glutinous rice. Dried small shrimp, pork, tofu, and carrots are stuffed into the glutinous rice bun.[5]
  5. Maibingtong (麦饼筒; pinyin: Màibǐngtǒng) are thin crepes made from wheat flour mixed with Pseudognaphalium affine and some other green vegetable juices. Additional ingredients such as pork, stir-fried eggs, shrimp, onions, stir-fried noodles, etc. are added onto the crepes, which are then rolled up.[5]
Maibingtong

Media

Wenling Media Convergence Center is the only media group in Wenling. It covers newspaper, television, radio, website and mobile app.

Notable people

International Relations

Wenling has five friendly exchange cities.

Namesake

Accidents and incidents

See also

References

  1. ^ "Wenling". GEOnet Names Server.
  2. ^ http://www.mendeley.com/research/heavy-metal-persistent-organic-compound-contamination-soil-wenling-emerging-ewaste-recycling-city-taizhou-area-china/[dead link]
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  5. ^ a b c d "台州温岭市8大推荐美食".
  6. ^ "山粉糊".
  7. ^ "浙江省友好关系一览表".
  8. ^ "西区友好城市".
  9. ^ "侨领牵线 温岭再添国际友好城市".
  10. ^ "牵手俄罗斯鞑靼斯坦共和国!温岭新增友好城市".
  11. ^ "温岭与德国伍珀塔尔市建立友好城市关系".
  12. ^ "China explosion: Tanker truck blows up, killing 19 people". BBC News. 14 June 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2020.