Jiande
建德市
Kienteh
Jiande is located in Zhejiang
Jiande
Jiande
Location in Zhejiang
Coordinates: 29°29′23″N 119°20′13″E / 29.4896°N 119.337°E / 29.4896; 119.337
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceZhejiang
Sub-provincial cityHangzhou
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
311600

Jiande is a county-level city of Zhejiang Province, East China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Hangzhou.

History

During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Jiande was the capital of Yanzhou Prefecture. On account of this, Jiande was often referred to as Yanzhou Fu (严州府). A transcription commonly seen in both French and English writing of the time was Yen-tcheou-fou, derived from French missionary writing.[1][2][3]

Administrative divisions

Subdistricts:[4]

Towns:

The only township is Qintang Township (钦堂乡)

Climate

Climate data for Jiande (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.0
(77.0)
28.7
(83.7)
34.0
(93.2)
36.0
(96.8)
36.9
(98.4)
37.9
(100.2)
42.4
(108.3)
41.9
(107.4)
40.0
(104.0)
37.5
(99.5)
31.7
(89.1)
25.0
(77.0)
42.4
(108.3)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
12.6
(54.7)
17.0
(62.6)
23.1
(73.6)
27.6
(81.7)
29.6
(85.3)
34.4
(93.9)
34.1
(93.4)
29.7
(85.5)
24.7
(76.5)
18.8
(65.8)
12.6
(54.7)
22.8
(73.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
7.3
(45.1)
11.2
(52.2)
16.8
(62.2)
21.6
(70.9)
24.5
(76.1)
28.4
(83.1)
28.1
(82.6)
24.1
(75.4)
18.9
(66.0)
13.1
(55.6)
7.4
(45.3)
17.2
(63.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.9
(39.0)
7.4
(45.3)
12.5
(54.5)
17.3
(63.1)
21.1
(70.0)
24.2
(75.6)
24.1
(75.4)
20.3
(68.5)
14.8
(58.6)
9.4
(48.9)
3.9
(39.0)
13.4
(56.2)
Record low °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−6.2
(20.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.1
(34.0)
8.5
(47.3)
12.3
(54.1)
18.2
(64.8)
18.3
(64.9)
10.4
(50.7)
3.4
(38.1)
−1.6
(29.1)
−8.0
(17.6)
−8.0
(17.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 91.3
(3.59)
100.8
(3.97)
165.4
(6.51)
179.5
(7.07)
192.7
(7.59)
319.2
(12.57)
163.2
(6.43)
155.5
(6.12)
98.2
(3.87)
52.4
(2.06)
78.5
(3.09)
66.4
(2.61)
1,663.1
(65.48)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13.8 13.1 16.9 15.7 15.8 17.8 12.1 13.6 9.9 7.8 10.8 10.6 157.9
Average snowy days 3.6 2.7 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.4 8.4
Average relative humidity (%) 78 78 78 77 77 83 78 78 78 76 79 77 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 95.4 95.8 118.0 138.3 156.7 125.6 217.5 208.3 163.1 159.6 122.9 115.8 1,717
Percent possible sunshine 29 30 32 36 37 30 51 51 44 45 39 36 38
Source: China Meteorological Administration[5][6]

Transportation

Direct trains for freight link Jiande with Yiwu and Jinhua. There is also a high-speed rail station.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ An historical, geographical, and philosophical view of the Chinese empire: comprehending a description of the fifteen provinces of China, Chinese Tartary; tributary states; natural history of China; government, religion, laws, manners and customs, literature, arts, sciences, manufactures, &c (2 ed.). p. 83.
  2. ^ Murray, Hugh; Crawfurd, John; Gordon, Peter (1843), An historical and descriptive account of China: its ancient and modern history, language, literature, religion, government, industry, manners, and social state ... (3 ed.), Oliver & Boyd, pp. 25–26
  3. ^ Yen-tcheou-fou was also used to transcribe the name of the city and prefecture in Shandong. (Both places' names are transcribed as "Yanzhou" in pinyin, but are written with different Chinese characters).
  4. ^ "杭州市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  6. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 June 2023.