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Cixi
慈溪市
Tzeki
Hangzhou Bay Bridge
Hangzhou Bay Bridge
Cixi City in Ningbo City
Cixi City in Ningbo City
Ningbo City in Zhejiang
Ningbo City in Zhejiang
Coordinates: 30°10′N 121°14′E / 30.167°N 121.233°E / 30.167; 121.233
CountryChina People's Republic of China
ProvinceZhejiang
Sub-provincial cityNingbo
Area
 • County-level city1,360.63 km2 (525.34 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,360.63 km2 (525.34 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,861.43 km2 (1,104.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census[2])
 • County-level city1,462,383[1]
 • Urban
1,829,488
 • Urban density1,300/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
 • Metro
3,083,520
 • Metro density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
315300
Area code330282
Websitecixi.gov.cn
Cixi
Chinese慈溪
PostalTzeki

Cixi (Mandarin pronunciation), alternately romanized as Tzeki, is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of the sub-provincial city of Ningbo, in the north of Zhejiang province, China. As of the 2020 census, its population was 1,829,488. Its urban agglomeration built-up (or metro) area, largely contiguous with Cixi plus the county-level city of Yuyao, had 3,083,520 inhabitants.[2]

History

Cixi was part of the state of Yue in the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 B.C.). The county was set up in the Qin Dynasty. At first it was called "Gouzhang" and has been using the name of "Cixi" since the Kaiyuan reign of the Tang Dynasty (738 A.D.).[citation needed]

Geography

Cixi City is located on the south of the economic circle of Yangtze River Delta, and is 60 km (37 mi) from Ningbo in the east, 148 km (92 mi) from Shanghai in the north and 138 km (86 mi) from Hangzhou in the west.

Administrative divisions

Subdistricts

Towns

Climate

Cixi is located in the Zhejiang Province of eastern China and has a subtropical monsoon climate with an average temperature of 17 °C (63 °F).

Climate data for Cixi (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
28.1
(82.6)
32.7
(90.9)
35.6
(96.1)
36.3
(97.3)
38.1
(100.6)
40.6
(105.1)
39.9
(103.8)
37.5
(99.5)
33.6
(92.5)
31.3
(88.3)
24.4
(75.9)
40.6
(105.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
11.0
(51.8)
15.3
(59.5)
21.4
(70.5)
26.2
(79.2)
28.8
(83.8)
33.7
(92.7)
32.8
(91.0)
28.4
(83.1)
23.4
(74.1)
17.9
(64.2)
11.5
(52.7)
21.6
(70.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
6.9
(44.4)
10.8
(51.4)
16.4
(61.5)
21.5
(70.7)
24.9
(76.8)
29.3
(84.7)
28.8
(83.8)
24.6
(76.3)
19.4
(66.9)
13.7
(56.7)
7.4
(45.3)
17.4
(63.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.6
(38.5)
7.2
(45.0)
12.2
(54.0)
17.5
(63.5)
21.7
(71.1)
25.8
(78.4)
25.6
(78.1)
21.6
(70.9)
16.0
(60.8)
10.2
(50.4)
4.2
(39.6)
14.0
(57.2)
Record low °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
2.1
(35.8)
7.9
(46.2)
15.0
(59.0)
19.0
(66.2)
18.7
(65.7)
13.4
(56.1)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
−5.9
(21.4)
−6.2
(20.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 91.5
(3.60)
83.0
(3.27)
120.9
(4.76)
97.9
(3.85)
115.3
(4.54)
213.3
(8.40)
145.0
(5.71)
202.8
(7.98)
161.4
(6.35)
82.9
(3.26)
77.8
(3.06)
71.7
(2.82)
1,463.5
(57.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.8 11.5 14.8 13.2 13.4 15.5 11.9 13.2 12.1 8.9 10.2 10.0 147.5
Average snowy days 2.4 1.7 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.9 5.7
Average relative humidity (%) 79 78 76 73 74 80 75 77 79 77 79 77 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 100.3 108.3 133.5 159.8 172.8 139.5 224.4 208.8 157.4 153.4 121.3 118.8 1,798.3
Percent possible sunshine 31 34 36 41 41 33 53 51 43 44 38 38 40
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]

Transportation

Highway connections are provided to all major cities, typical travel times are 1.5 hours or less by car, including access to the four major airports, Ningbo Lishe International Airport, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, and Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Shanghai and Ningbo are also the closest sea ports.

Economy

The Hangzhou Bay New District is located in the city.

Population

Cixi is accelerating the construction of a mid-scale modern city, covering a total land area of 1,361 km2 (525 sq mi) with a population of 1.83 million as of the 2020 census[citation needed], including 1.04 million registered permanent residents and one million temporary residents. Fifteen towns and five subdistricts are under the jurisdiction of Cixi City and there are 325 administrative villages including committees and communities.[citation needed]

Culture

The city houses many Yue Kiln Sites, which are widely regarded[by whom?] as one of the origin of Chinese porcelain.

Celadon pieces in Yue Kiln Sites

Cixi has the tradition of advocating culture and emphasizing education, with several thousand years of historical relics and profound cultural background which cultivated three regional cultures, i.e. "celadon, reclamation and immigration". Shanglin Lake celadon has been sold overseas as a "Maritime Silk Road" to the world, historical tideland reclamation area has become one of the areas with the most abundant land reserve resources in Zhejiang Province, and the immigration culture has several years of history.

Cixi was listed as the "demonstration base for community digital learning in the national city and countryside" by the Ministry of Education in 2010 and 2011.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "China: Zhèjiāng (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
  2. ^ a b "China: Zhèjiāng (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  3. ^ a b "宁波市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 June 2023.