Shanghai Pudong International Airport
Shànghǎi Pǔdōng Guójì Jīchǎng
|Owner/Operator||Shanghai Airport Authority|
|Opened||16 September 1999|
|Focus city for||Hainan Airlines|
|Elevation AMSL||4 m / 13 ft|
|Coordinates||31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°ECoordinates: 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E|
|Shanghai Pudong International Airport|
Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) is one of two international airports serving Shanghai and a major aviation hub of East Asia. Pudong Airport serves both international flights and a smaller number of domestic fights, while the city's other major airport, Shanghai–Hongqiao, mainly serves domestic and regional flights in East Asia. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city center, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (10,000-acre) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority (Chinese: 上海机场集团公司).
The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China, as well as a secondary hub for China Southern Airlines. It is also the hub for privately owned Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines, and an Asia-Pacific cargo hub for FedEx, UPS and DHL. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is reportedly the largest express hub in Asia.
Pudong Airport had two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by four operational parallel runways. A third passenger terminal was opened in 2021, in addition to a satellite terminal and two additional runways, which will raise its annual capacity from 60 million passengers to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tons of freight.
Pudong Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,703,431 metric tons handled in 2017, the airport is the world's third-busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 74,006,331 passengers in 2018, making it the third-busiest airport in China after Beijing–Capital and Hong Kong, fifth-busiest in Asia, and the eighth-busiest in the world. It is also the busiest international gateway of mainland China, with 35.25 million international passengers. By the end of 2016, Pudong Airport hosted 104 airlines serving more than 210 destinations.
Shanghai Pudong is the busiest international hub in China, and about half of its total passenger traffic is international. Pudong Airport is connected to Shanghai Hongqiao Airport by Shanghai Metro Line 2 and the Shanghai Maglev Train via Pudong International Airport Station. There are also airport buses connecting it with the rest of the city.
Prior to the establishment of Pudong International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport was the only primary airport of Shanghai. During the 1990s, the expansion of Hongqiao Airport to meet growing demand became impossible as the surrounding urban area was developing significantly, and an alternative to assume all international flights had to be sought.
After deliberation, the municipal government decided to adopt the suggestion from Professor Chen Jiyu of East China Normal University, who wrote a letter to the Mayor of Shanghai Xu Kuangdi suggesting that the new airport should be constructed on the tidal flats of the south bank of the Yangtze River estuary, on the coast of the Pudong development zone to the east of Shanghai.
Construction of the first phase of the new Shanghai Pudong International Airport began in October 1997, took two years to build at a cost of RMB 12 billion (US$1.67 billion), and was opened on 16 September 1999. It covers an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Shanghai. The first phase of the airport has one 4E category runway (4000 m x 60 m) along with two parallel taxiways, an 800,000-square-metre (8,600,000 sq ft) apron, seventy-six aircraft positions and a 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) cargo warehouse.
A second runway was opened on 17 March 2005, and construction of phase two (including a second terminal, a third runway and a cargo terminal) began in December 2005 and started operation on 26 March 2008, in time for the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.
In November 2011, Pudong Airport received approval from the national government for a new round of expansion which includes two runways. The 3,800-metre fourth runway, along with an auxiliary taxiway and traffic control facilities, is projected to cost 2.58 billion yuan (US$403 million). The 3,400-metre fifth runway, along with a new traffic tower, will cost 4.65 billion yuan (US$726.6 million). Construction was completed in 2015 and has doubled the capacity of the airport.
Pudong International Airport officially started the third phase of the Pudong International Airport expansion with the construction on a new south satellite terminal on 29 December 2015. The new satellite terminal will be the world's largest single satellite terminal with a total construction area of 622,000 square meters, which is larger than the Pudong International Airport T2 terminal building (485,500 square meters). The satellite terminal is composed of two halls, S1 and S2, forming an H-shaped structure. It will have an annual design capacity of 38 million passengers, The total cost of the project is estimated to be about 20.6 billion yuan. Halls S1 and S2 will have 83 gates. A high capacity people mover connecting T1 to SI and T2 to S2 will be constructed. After the completion of the satellite terminal in 2019, Pudong International Airport will have an annual passenger capacity of 80 million passengers, ranking among the top ten airports in the world.
As of October 2019, the satellite S1 is in operation and connected by MRT to T1.
The airport has 162 boarding bridges (T1-31 T2-41 Satellite terminal-90) along with 189 remote gates. Four runways are parallel to the terminals (four operational): one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway with 4E rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Boeing 747-400), two 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runways with 4F rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8, and Antonov An-225), and two 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runways with 4F rating .
Pudong airport currently has four runways. Rwy 35L/17R and Rwy 34R/16L are mostly used for landing while Rwy 35R/17L and Rwy 34L/16R are mostly used for takeoff. Runway 15/33 is not in operation.
Terminal 1 was opened on 1 October 1999 along with a 4000-metre runway and a cargo hub. It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport's traffic. The exterior of Terminal 1 is shaped like a seagull, and has 28 gates, 13 of which are double-decker gates. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covers an area of 280,000 square metres.
The gates for Terminal 1 is 1–12, 14–32 (linked with jetway), while the remote gates are 200–203, 251–258 (Domestic), 208–212, 213–216 (International).
Terminal 2, opened to public and officially opened on 26 March 2008, along with the third runway, is capable of handling 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tons of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like Terminal 1, although it more closely resembles a wave, and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 also has more floor areas than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is primarily used by Air China and other Star Alliance members.
The gates for Terminal 2 are 50–65, 67–79, 80–98 (Note that gates 58–90 are used by both the C gates (used for domestic flights) and the D gates (used for international flights). The gates between gates 65–79 are only odd numbered (65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79). Gates 50–57 and gates 92–98 are used for C gates only. The remote gates for Terminal 2 are C219-C224 for domestic and D228-D232 for international.
Construction on an additional satellite concourse facility that could accommodate further gates and terminal space started on 29 December 2015 and was inaugurated in September 2019. It is the largest stand-alone satellite airport terminal buildings in the world at 622,000 square meters. This project will support 38 million passengers annually through 90 departure gates across two S1 and S2 concourses. Gates for domestic flights are labelled H in both S1 and S2 terminal, while G is labelled for International flights gates in both S1 and S2 terminal.
Main article: Shanghai Pudong Airport APM
Both S1 and S2 are connected together and are since the opening in September 2019 connected by an 7.8 km underground Shanghai Pudong Airport APM to the current T1 and T2 terminals operated by Shanghai Keolis for 20 years, including the East Line and the West Line. The operating section of the East Line is 1.65 km long, connecting Terminal 2 and Satellite 2, and the operating section of the West Line is 1.86 km long, connecting Terminal 1 and Satellite 1.
Gates that can accommodate the A380/B747-8 are 24 (T1) 71,75 (T2) 119,121 (S1) 504-507 (remote stands near S1, on taxiway L02, between taxiway P3 and south of P2) 168, 170, 173 (S2)
The airport has been using the Airport Collaborative Decision Making system (A-CDM) developed by the aviation data service company VariFlight since January 2017. The system is aimed to improve on-time performance and safety of the airport's operations. By June 2017, Shanghai Pudong airport recorded 62.7% punctuality rate, which was a 15% increase compared to the same period previous year.
Pudong Airport mainly serves international flights along with flights to Baotou, Changchun, Dalian, Zhangjiajie and some smaller cities while most domestic flights are operating at Hongqiao Airport. However, some domestic flights operating at Hongqiao Airport only may move to Pudong Airport operating only at Pudong Airport instead of both.
|AirAsia X||Kuala Lumpur–International|
|Air Canada||Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver|
|Air China||Athens, Bazhong, Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dalian, Frankfurt, Fuyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Huizhou, Kunming, Lanzhou, London–Heathrow, Milan–Malpensa, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Shenzhen, Singapore (resumes 4 June 2023), Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Ürümqi, Xi'an, Xichang, Xining, Yinchuan, Zhanjiang, Zhuhai|
|Air France||Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland|
|All Nippon Airways||Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita|
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth|
|Beijing Capital Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Lijiang|
|British Airways||London–Heathrow (resumes 24 April 2023)|
|Cambodia Angkor Air||Phnom Penh, Siem Reap|
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong|
|Chengdu Airlines||Chengdu–Shuangliu, Weihai|
|China Airlines||Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Eastern Airlines|| Amsterdam, Ankang, Anqing, Auckland, Baise, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Daxing, Busan, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Chaoyang, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chiang Mai, Chifeng, Chongqing, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Dali, Dalian, Datong, Dazhou, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Hami, Hanamaki, Handan, Harbin, Hefei, Heihe, Hong Kong, Huai'an, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Jiagedaqi, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jinzhou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Linyi, Liping, Liupanshui, Liuzhou, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow, Lüliang, Luzhou, Macau, Malé, Manila, Melbourne, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, New York–JFK, Niigata, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Quanzhou, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Tonghua, Tongren, Toronto–Pearson, Ürümqi, Vancouver, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xichang, Xingyi, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yangon, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yichun (Heilongjiang), Yingkou, Yongzhou, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhangjiakou, Zhanjiang, Zhaotong, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Xinzhou|
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Brisbane, Stockholm–Arlanda
|China Southern Airlines|| Beijing–Daxing, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Kunming, Nanning, Nanyang, Osaka–Kansai (resumes 21 April 2023), Qingdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita (resumes 13 April 2023), Ürümqi, Wuhan, Yanji, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai|
|China United Airlines||Beijing–Daxing, Foshan, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin|
|Delta Air Lines||Detroit, Seattle/Tacoma|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|EVA Air||Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|Hainan Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Boston, Changsha, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hohhot, Nanning, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Tel Aviv, Weifang, Xi'an, Zhuhai|
|Hong Kong Airlines||Hong Kong|
|Japan Airlines||Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita|
|Juneyao Air|| Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bayannur, Beihai, Cebu, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Chenzhou, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Guyuan, Haikou, Hailar, Hanzhong, Harbin, Helsinki, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Huizhou, Jeju, Jinchang, Kalibo, Kaohsiung, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Linfen, Longnan, Longyan, Luzhou, Macau, Mianyang, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanming, Sanya, Shaoguan, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, Songyuan, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tongren, Ürümqi, Vladivostok, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan, Yueyang, Zhangjiajie, Zhangye, Zhengzhou, Zhongwei, Zhuhai|
|Lion Air||Denpasar, Manado|
|Loong Air||Ürümqi, Yinchuan|
|Mahan Air||Tehran–Imam Khomeini|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur–International|
|Royal Brunei Airlines||Bandar Seri Begawan (resumes 7 July 2023)|
|S7 Airlines|| Vladivostok (suspended) |
Seasonal: Novosibirsk (suspended)
|Shandong Airlines||Harbin, Jinan, Qingdao, Xiamen|
|Shanghai Airlines||Anshan, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Budapest, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Dalian, Fuyang, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hengyang, Jieyang, Jining, Jinzhou, Karamay, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Linyi, Macau, Mianyang, Nanchang, Nanning, Ordos, Phuket, Qinhuangdao, Qionghai, Rizhao, Sanya, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Tongliao, Toyama, Turpan, Ürümqi, Wanzhou, Weihai, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xining, Xinzhou, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai|
|Shenzhen Airlines||Nanchang, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen|
|Sichuan Airlines||Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Harbin, Kunming, Saipan, Sanya, Xi'an|
|Sky Angkor Airlines||Sihanoukville|
|Spring Airlines||Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Enshi, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Harbin, Hong Kong, Huaihua, Jieyang, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Macau, Mianyang, Nanning, Nanyang, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qianjiang, Qingyang, Saga, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shiyan, Singapore, Surat Thani, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Takamatsu, Tongliao, Tokyo–Narita, Wulong, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yan'an, Yangon, Yibin, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zunyi–Xinzhou|
|Sriwijaya Air||Charter: Denpasar, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta|
|Suparna Airlines||Chongqing, Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shenzhen, Xiangyang, Zhuhai|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|Thai AirAsia X||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi|
|Thai Airways International||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi|
|Thai Lion Air||Bangkok–Don Mueang, Phuket|
|Tianjin Airlines||Dalian, Haikou, Meixian, Tianjin, Weihai|
|United Airlines||Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco|
|Vietnam Airlines||Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang|
|Virgin Atlantic||London–Heathrow (resumes 2 May 2023)|
|West Air||Chongqing, Zhengzhou|
|AirBridgeCargo||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chennai, Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Sochi (all suspended)|
|Air China Cargo||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Los Angeles, Liège, New York–JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou|
|ANA Cargo||Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita|
|ASL Airlines Belgium||Chongqing, Liège, Singapore|
|Cathay Cargo||Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Xiamen, Zhengzhou|
|China Airlines Cargo||Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Cargo Airlines||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Milan–Malpensa, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, St. Louis, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Vancouver, Zaragoza|
|China Postal Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Tianjin, Xiamen|
|China Southern Cargo||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Osaka–Kansai, Vienna, Zhengzhou|
| DHL Aviation|
operated by Air Hong Kong
| DHL Aviation|
operated by AeroLogic
| DHL Aviation|
operated by Atlas Air
|Anchorage, Baku, Dubai–International, Zhengzhou|
| DHL Aviation|
operated by Kalitta Air
| DHL Aviation|
operated by Polar Air Cargo
|Anchorage, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Nagoya–Centrair, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita|
| DHL Aviation|
operated by Southern Air
|Emirates SkyCargo||Dubai–Al Maktoum|
|Ethiopian Airlines Cargo||Addis Ababa, Bangalore|
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi, Chennai, Delhi, Karachi, Lahore, Mumbai|
|EVA Air Cargo||Taipei–Taoyuan|
|FedEx Express||Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Delhi, Dubai–International, Guangzhou, Manila, Memphis, Oakland, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita|
|Hong Kong Airlines Cargo||Hong Kong, Xiamen|
|Iran Air Cargo||Tehran–Imam Khomeini|
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, Atlanta, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon, Toronto–Pearson|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Seoul–Incheon|
|MASkargo||Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching, Penang, Sydney|
|MNG Airlines||Almaty, Istanbul|
|National Airlines (N8)||Anchorage, Los Angeles|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||Tokyo–Narita|
|North-Western Cargo International Airlines||Xi'an|
|Qantas Freight||Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, New York–JFK, Sydney|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha|
|Saudia Cargo||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Jeddah, Riyadh|
|SF Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Harbin, Shenzhen|
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Singapore|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku|
|Suparna Airlines||Aktobe, Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Prague, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Wuxi|
|Turkish Cargo||Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul|
|UPS Airlines||Anchorage, Cologne/Bonn, Louisville, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Warsaw–Chopin|
|Uzbekistan Airways Cargo||Ostrava|
|Volga-Dnepr Airlines||Novosibirsk (suspended)|
|Year||Passengers||% change||Aircraft movements||Cargo (tons)|
All cars are equipped with racks and space designated for luggage.
Prices and speeds are substantially lower than the Maglev. A casual ride to People's Square, the city center, typically takes just over one hour, while a trip to Hongqiao International Airport takes about 1.5 hour.
The east extension of Line 2 used to run in an independent pattern between Guanglan Road and Pudong Airport, in which the train would not run west of Guanglan Road and passengers had to transfer at this station. The regular service between East Xujing and Pudong Airport started in April 2019, allowing passengers to access the city center without the extra transfer. The regular service completely replaced the independent east extension service in October of the same year when the four-carriage trainsets special for the service started to be transformed into eight-carriage trainsets for the regular service.
The plan for building a new commuter railway line connecting the airport with Hongqiao Airport, Airport Link line, has been formally established in 2015 and approved in December 2018 by National Development and Reform Commission. The line is under construction since 28 June 2019 and is expected to be put in operation by the end of 2024. This 68.6 km railway starts from Shanghai East railway station under planning, via Zhangjiang and Sanlin in Pudong, Huajing in Xuhui and Qibao in Minhang. It will use the unused area in Hongqiao Railway Station originally for Maglev for its station at Hongqiao Transportation Hub.
Metro Line 21 Phase II east extension will connect the airport with the under construction adjacent Shanghai East railway station and the eastside of Pudong.
Eight airport bus lines serve the airport, providing rapid links to various destinations.