Fuzhou Changle International Airport

Fuzhou airport terminal
Airport typePublic
OperatorYuanxiang (Fuzhou) International Airport Co., Ltd
ServesFuzhou, Fujian
LocationZhanggang Subdistrict, Changle, Fujian
Opened23 June 1997; 26 years ago (1997-06-23)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL14 m / 46 ft
Coordinates25°56′06″N 119°39′48″E / 25.93500°N 119.66333°E / 25.93500; 119.66333
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
FOC is located in Fujian
Location in Fujian
FOC is located in China
Location in China
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03/21 3,609 11,841 Concrete
Statistics (2021)
Aircraft movements80,592
Tonnes of cargo72,341.4
Fuzhou Changle International Airport
Simplified Chinese福州长乐国际机场
Traditional Chinese福州長樂國際機場
Upper level departures and lower level arrivals
The apron view at Fuzhou Changle International Airport.

Fuzhou Changle International Airport (IATA: FOC, ICAO: ZSFZ) is an international airport serving Fuzhou, the capital of Fujian province, China. The airport was inaugurated on 23 June 1997, after being approved to start construction by the state council in 1992. The current handling capacity is approximately 6.5 million people annually.

The airport is located near the shore of the Taiwan Strait in Zhanggang Subdistrict, Changle, about 50 km (31 mi) east of central Fuzhou. The airport is also a major hub for the namesake Fuzhou Airlines and XiamenAir.

In 2017, Fuzhou Airport handled 12,469,235 passengers and was the 29th busiest in China by total passenger traffic. In 2016, the airport was the 23rd busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic and the 28th busiest airport by traffic movements.[1]


This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Changle Airport was built to replace the old Fuzhou Yixu Airport (福州义序机场),[2] a dual-use military and civil airport located in Cangshan District, and prepared for the base of the direct flights to Taiwan across the straits.[citation needed] The airport was designed by Singaporean RSP Architects Planners & Engineers Pte Ltd. The government of Fujian province hoped that the new airport could reach the standard of Singapore Changi Airport, but they soon realized it was too big, and shrank the scale of the airport. However, the scale of the airport was still much bigger than the norm that the central government approved. Changle Airport was opened in 1997. Due to the lack of passenger flow, the airport had a significant financial deficit in the early years of its operation. In 2003, the management of the airport was taken over by Xiamen International Airport Group, and became profitable from 2005.

In February 2017, Xiamen Airlines operated Changle's first direct route to North America, with a Boeing 787-9 service to New York–JFK airport.[3] On 11 December 2018, a second intercontinental route to Paris was launched.[4]

Future expansion

In September 2019, the National Development and Reform Commission approved a second expansion project. The project includes the following construction works:

The airport targets 36 million passengers and 450,000 tonnes cargo per year by 2030 once the project has been completed.[5]


Fuzhou Changle International Airport is located at 25°56´ north latitude and 119°39´ east longitude. It is surrounded by the East China Sea on three sides. The surrounding area of the airport is flat, but it extends southwest and northeast, surrounded by mountains.



There is a taxi waiting at the exit of the arrival hall. The city's unified price starts at 10 yuan per 3 kilometers (1.9 mi), and 2 yuan per 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) thereafter.


The airport passenger terminal has a number of fixed shuttle routes to Fuzhou city and surrounding areas, opening hours from 4:30-22:30.[6]


There are many expressways that can directly reach Changle International Airport, such as Shenhai Expressway, Fuyin Expressway, and Airport Expressway.[7]


According to the newly released intercity railway construction plan for the west coast of Fujian Province, the Fuzhou-Changle Airport Intercity Railway (F1/3) will be directly connected to the airport, and will be passed by Metro Line 6 near the airport.[8]


Fuzhou Changle International Airport has a subtropical maritime climate, with the northeast monsoon prevailing in the winter half year and the southwest monsoon in the summer half year. There will be continuous rainy weather in spring. Due to typhoon and subtropical high pressure, there are often strong winds and heavy rains in summer. There will be continuously sunny weather in winter.

In addition to the southerly winds in the south of July, Changle Airport is dominated by the northerly winds in the other 11 months, and there are mountain hills in the west of the Changle Plain.[9]

Typical climate characteristics of Changle Airport are: (1), cloudy, low cloud base; (2) abundant rainfall, large number of rainy days; (3) fast wind speed, large number of windy days, and the annual average wind speed is 4.5 m/s (4) the airport has less thunderstorms, but the airport airspace has frequent thunderstorms (5)well marked sea-land breeze effect (6) humid air, the annual average relative humidity is 75%.[10][11]

Airlines and destinations


9 Air Bangkok–Don Mueang,[12] Nanning,[13] Xishuangbanna[14]
Air Chang'an Huai'an, Xi'an
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Tianjin
Air Macau Macau
Beijing Capital Airlines Sanya, Shenyang
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Changsha,[15] Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu,[16] Chongqing,[15] Guangyuan,[15] Guiyang,[17] Ibaraki,[15] Jinggangshan,[18] Lhasa, Lijiang,[15] Tacheng,[19] Wuhan, Wuzhou,[15] Xi'an,[15] Xingyi,[20] Zhengzhou[17]
China Eastern Airlines Changsha, Dali, Dalian,[21] Harbin,[22] Komatsu, Kunming, Lanzhou, Nanjing,[23] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Weihai,[22] Wuhan, Xi'an
China Express Airlines Chengdu–Tianfu,[24] Chenzhou,[25] Chongqing, Nanyang,[26] Xi'an,[27] Xiangyang[27]
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Guangzhou, Guiyang,[28] Nanning,[13] Urumqi,[29] Zhengzhou[29]
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Chengdu–Tianfu, Foshan,[30] Shijiazhuang[31]
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing, Hengyang
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Guiyang
Fuzhou Airlines Baotou,[32] Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian,[33] Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot,[34] Huai'an,[34] Kunming, Linyi, Nanning,[35] Nantong, Qingdao,[34] Rizhao,[36] Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Xi'an, Yichang, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan
GX Airlines Fuyang,[37] Yichang[38]
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Chengdu–Tianfu,[39] Chongqing, Dalian, Nanjing, Ürümqi, Xi'an,[40] Zhengzhou
Hebei Airlines Nanjing,[41] Nantong,[41] Shijiazhuang
Jiangxi Air Zhengzhou[42]
Joy Air Xi'an
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
Lion Air Charter: Manado
Lucky Air Chengdu–Tianfu,[38] Kunming
Mandarin Airlines Taipei–Songshan[43]
Qingdao Airlines Changchun,[44] Harbin,[44] Jinan,[44] Qingdao,[45] Yantai, Zhanjiang[44]
Ruili Airlines Kunming, Lijiang,[46] Nanning,[13] Shenyang, Xishuangbanna,[13] Zhaotong[46]
Scoot Singapore
Shandong Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guilin, Jinan, Qingdao, Ürümqi, Zhuhai
Shanghai Airlines Changchun,[47] Shanghai–Hongqiao
Shenzhen Airlines Nanjing, Nanning, Shenyang
Sichuan Airlines Changsha, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu,[48] Chongqing, Harbin
Spring Airlines Dalian, Lanzhou, Shenyang,[49] Shijiazhuang, Yancheng, Yangzhou
Sriwijaya Air Charter: Denpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Tianjin Airlines Guiyang,[50] Hohhot, Lianyungang,[51] Liupanshui, Zhengzhou
Urumqi Air Urumqi, Yulin (Shaanxi)[52]
West Air Chongqing, Wuhan
XiamenAir Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Daxing,[53] Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou,[54] Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dalian, Denpasar, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Guyuan, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju,[55] Jinan, Jingzhou,[56] Jinzhou,[54] Kaohsiung, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Liuzhou, Luzhou, Macau, Mianyang, Nanchong,[57] Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong,[51] Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon,[58] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taipei–Songshan, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Ürümqi, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yibin,[59] Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhengzhou, Zhongwei, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Maotai[60]
Seasonal: Hailar[61]
"Welcome back to the Land of Blessings" (福地再相聚), the sign reads, indicating the airport is right ahead.


China Postal Airlines Nanjing, Taipei–Taoyuan, Xiamen



In 2017, the total throughput of Changle Airport ranked 28 in China, carrying passengers up to 12,469,235 throughout the year.

In the latest airport punctuality rate ranking in October 2018, Changle Airport ranked 16, which is 83.19%, with an average delay of 23 minutes. Delays of more than 60 minutes are rare, only 2.54%.[62][63]



Aviation and weather are closely connected. Thunderstorms are currently recognized as one of the most important weather phenomena that seriously affect the safety of airport and efficiency of flights.[64] When flying in thunderstorms area, passengers and crew may encounter dangerous weather such as wind shear, bumps, hail, downburst, etc.

In recent years, Fuzhou Changle International Airport has experienced a rapid growth for flight delays and return flight due to thunderstorms. In 2016, the number of flights affected by thunderstorms at Changle Airport was 729, taking up 38.4% of the total number of flights affected by the weather. The annual average thunderstorm of Fuzhou Changle International Airport is 27.3d which is considerably frequent and has a greater impact on flight. Thunderstorms vary greatly from year to year, and thunderstorms may occur throughout the year. As the temperature rises, thunderstorms frequency begin to increase.

The main activity period of thunderstorms at Fuzhou Airport is from March to September. Thunderstorms appear most frequent in summer, with an average number of days of 13.5 days, accounting for 49.5 percent of the total number of thunderstorms in the year.

Compared to other months of the year, the thunderstorms in June showed the highest number, with an average of 5.1d. Most are dry thunderstorms and are not prone to rainfall.

Thunder mainly concentrated in the afternoon to the middle of the night, with the highest frequency occurring at 17: 00.

Thunderstorms may occur in all directions of Fuzhou Airport, among them, west direction has highest frequency, followed by the northwest and southwest directions. This is because the eastern part of the airport is the ocean, the west is the mountainous area, and the convection over the mountains is stronger than the ocean.[10]


The average visibility in the first half of the year is less than 1000 meters. The number of days is significantly higher than that in the second half, accounting for 83% of the whole year. The visibility of the airport has obvious seasonal differences, showing the worst visibility in spring.[65]

See also


  1. ^ "Xiamen International Airport Group Co., Ltd". Archived from the original on 14 May 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2007.
  2. ^ Cao, Hui (November 2007). 福州市旅游生态足迹动态 [The dynamic change on tourist ecological footprint of Fuzhou City, Fujian Province]. ACTA Ecology Sinica. 27 (11).
  3. ^ "Xiamen Airlines starts its longest ever route - to New York". 16 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Xiamen Airlines adds Paris service from Dec 2018".
  5. ^ "NDRC approves Fuzhou Changle International Airport's USD3bn phase two expansion project".
  6. ^ 班车时间. Fujian Airport Express Transport Ltd. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  7. ^ Zhang, Jinqian (February 2012). 不同经济发展阶段下城市空间扩展对比研究 ———以福州和台北为例 [A Comparative Study of Urban Spatial Expansion under Different Economic Development Stages——Taking Fuzhou and Taipei as Examples]. Journal of Natural Resources. 27 (2).
  8. ^ 福建省海峡西岸城市群城际铁路建设规划(2015-2020)调整环评公众意见征询 [Public Consultation on the Inter-city Railway Construction of the Urban Agglomeration of the West Coast of Fujian Province (2015 - 2020)]. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  9. ^ Zhang, Wenkai (March 1996). 福州盆地和长乐东部的城市扩展条件分析 [Analysis of Urban Expansion Conditions in Fuzhou Basin and East Changle]. Tropical Geography. 16 (1).
  10. ^ a b Zhang, Zhichao (张智超) (2017). 福州长乐国际机场雷暴特征分析 [Analysis of Thunderstorm Characteristics of Fuzhou Changle International Airport]. Straits Science (in Chinese (China)). 7: 86–88,96.
  11. ^ Yang, Qinghua (杨清华). "Feature Analysis for Fog of Fuzhou Changle International Airport 1998-2010". Air Traffic.
  12. ^ "9 Air Expands Bangkok Don Mueang Flights in 2Q23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 18 April 2023.
  13. ^ a b c d "【头条】南宁机场2023年冬春航季航班换季预告来啦!". Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  14. ^ "九元航空冬春航线换季开始,快来看看有没有您心仪的航线!". Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "冬春航季今启航 | 成都航空32条新航线陆续首航,150元新疆区域"无限飞"!". Retrieved 30 November 2023.
  16. ^ "明天起,井冈山机场执行冬春航季!将新增2航线!". Retrieved 26 December 2022.
  17. ^ a b "目前唯一一个中国直飞苏梅岛航线复航,成都航空夏秋航季新增加密恢复旅游航线". Retrieved 5 March 2023.
  18. ^ "Sichuan Airlines / Chengdu Airlines NW22 Domestic Network Additions". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 8 November 2022.
  19. ^ "塔城机场冬春航季航线时刻表公布!". Retrieved 14 November 2023.
  20. ^ "兴义万峰林机场2023年冬航季航班时刻表". Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  21. ^ 东航新开两条航线 - 东航新闻 - 中国东方航空公司 (in Chinese (China)). China Eastern. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  22. ^ a b "威海机场夏航季开启!辐射39个通航点!". Retrieved 22 March 2023.
  23. ^ 换季,我们是认真的!. WeChat (in Chinese (China)).
  24. ^ "10月30日起,南阳机场执行冬春航季时刻表!有这些调整". Retrieved 26 December 2022.
  25. ^ "北湖机场2023年冬春航季航班时刻表来啦!". Retrieved 12 November 2023.
  26. ^ 航班换季 重庆将新增开至温州福州通化等航线 (in Chinese (China)). Sina Chongqing. 21 March 2019.
  27. ^ a b "襄阳机场春冬季航班表来啦!新变化→". Retrieved 22 November 2023.
  28. ^ 夏秋航季南航新增加密多条贵阳直飞航线(图)-中国民航网 (in Chinese (China)). CAAC News. 29 March 2019.
  29. ^ a b "7月1日起,南航复航乌鲁木齐至福州、宁波航线_民航资源网". News.carnoc.com. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  30. ^ 佛山机场又将开通新航线 届时将覆盖12个城市-中国侨网. chinaqw.com (in Chinese (China)). 10 May 2019.
  31. ^ "2023冬航季石家庄机场航班时刻表→". Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  32. ^ 包头机场多条航线首航 —— 新华网内蒙古频道 (in Chinese (China)). Xinhua Inner Mongolia. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019.
  33. ^ "舟山普陀山机场冬春航季换季" (in Chinese). Zhoushan Putuoshan Airport. 6 December 2018. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  34. ^ a b c "福航3月31日起执行夏秋航班与差异化服务(图)-中国民航网". Caacnews.com.cn. 25 March 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  35. ^ "【首发头条】南宁机场2022年冬航季换季特别资讯". Retrieved 4 February 2023.
  36. ^ "【3月26日起执行】日照机场2023年夏航季航班时刻表(2023.3.26-2023.10.28)". Retrieved 20 May 2023.
  37. ^ "阜阳机场2023年-2024年冬春季航班时刻表". Retrieved 7 December 2023.
  38. ^ a b "Hainan Airlines / HNA Group Carriers NW22 Network Additions". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  39. ^ "海南航空夏秋航班换季及3月国际/地区航班计划计划出炉". Retrieved 11 March 2023.
  40. ^ "海南航空夏秋航班换季及3月国际/地区航班计划计划出炉". Retrieved 11 March 2023.
  41. ^ a b "新航季||河北航空新开及恢复10余条航线". Retrieved 5 December 2022.
  42. ^ "今起,湛江吴川机场将执行冬春航季任务!票价低至⋯⋯". Retrieved 24 December 2022.
  43. ^ "恢复!长乐直飞台北!". Retrieved 23 August 2023.
  44. ^ a b c d "【回国航班】南航12月航班计划、青岛航空2022-2023冬春航季航线网络". Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  45. ^ "2023青岛航空夏秋换季航线发布;吉祥航空陆续恢复日本航班". Retrieved 26 March 2023.
  46. ^ a b "好消息!2024年昭通机场直飞北京、上海……". Retrieved 26 January 2024.
  47. ^ 上航于10月29日起执行2017冬春季航班计划 (in Chinese (China)). Carnoc.
  48. ^ "2023年新航季川航最新航线出炉,附国际/地区航线新消息". Retrieved 16 March 2023.
  49. ^ "最低99元!芜宣机场冬航季开启". Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  50. ^ "天津航空换季航线超前预告来了,天津=郑州=悉尼国际航线3月24日重新启航". Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  51. ^ a b "今年夏航季呼和浩特机场将运营航线161条". Retrieved 25 May 2023.
  52. ^ "榆林机场2023夏航季航班换季,有你想去的远方吗?". Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  53. ^ Liu, Jim. "Xiamen Airlines S20 Beijing operation changes as of 09JAN20". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  54. ^ a b "换季啦!常州机场2022年冬航季航班抢先看". Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  55. ^ "Xiamen Airlines Adds Fuzhou – Jeju Service From late-Jan 2024". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 4 January 2024.
  56. ^ "【航班换季】2023年荆州机场冬春航季航班时刻表出炉". Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  57. ^ "南充高坪机场新开北海、海口航线!最新夏航季航班计划时刻表出炉——". Retrieved 17 May 2023.
  58. ^ "Xiamen Airlines Expands Fuzhou – Korea Service in 1Q24". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 17 January 2024.
  59. ^ "China Southern / Xiamen Airlines NW22 Domestic Network Additions". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 8 November 2022.
  60. ^ "启动,茅台机场2023年冬航季航班时刻表来了". Retrieved 16 November 2023.
  61. ^ "[中国民航网] 厦航暑期新增四条内蒙古海拉尔航线 - 行业资讯_北京经贸研修学院_国家承认学历的民办大学 - 北京经贸研修学院官方网站_北京比较好的自主招生、单招院校". Archived from the original on 11 July 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  62. ^ 2017年民航机场生产统计公报 (in Chinese (China)). CAAC. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  63. ^ 机场放行准点率排名 [Airport release punctuality rate ranking] (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  64. ^ Sasse, M (2003). "A study of thunderstorm-induced Daleys at Frankfurt Airport Germany". Meteorological Applications. 10 (1): 21–30. Bibcode:2003MeApp..10...21S. doi:10.1017/S1350482703005036. S2CID 61245029.
  65. ^ Qin, Chao (2012). 福州长乐国际机场能见度的特征分析 [Analysis of the Characteristics of Visibility of Fuzhou Changle International Airport]. China Science and Technology Expo.