Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Guójiā Fāzhǎn hé Gǎigé Wěiyuánhuì
|Type||Constituent Department of the State Council (cabinet-level)|
|Parent agency||State Council|
|National Development and Reform Commission|
|Literal meaning||State Development and Reform Commission|
|Commonly abbreviated as|
The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (NDRC), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the economy of Mainland China. It has reputation of being the "mini-state council".
The candidate for the chairperson of the NDRC is nominated by the Premier of the People's Republic of China and approved by the National People's Congress. Since February 2017 the commission has been headed by He Lifeng.
The NDRC's functions are to study and formulate policies for economic and social development, maintain the balance of economic development, and to guide restructuring of the economic system of Mainland China. The NDRC has twenty-six functional departments/bureaus/offices with an authorized staff size of 890 civil servants. Prior to 2018, it was also responsible for enforcing China's antitrust law, but this function has been transferred to the State Administration for Market Regulation.
The NDRC is one of the main government agencies responsible for data collection for the Chinese Social Credit System.
On 19 December 2020, the NDRC published rules for reviewing foreign investment on national security grounds. The rules allow government agencies "to preview, deny and punish foreign investment activities in areas that are deemed as important to national security." In October 2021, the NDRC published rules restricting private capital in "news-gathering, editing, broadcasting, and distribution."
|No.||Name||Office||Took office||Left office||Premier|
|1||Gao Gang||Chairman of the
Central People's Government State Planning Commission
|November 1952||August 1954||Independent of the Premier Zhou Enlai|
|2||Li Fuchun||Minister in charge of the
State Planning Commission
|September 1954||January 1975||Zhou Enlai|
|3||Yu Qiuli||January 1975||August 1980||Zhou Enlai|
|4||Yao Yilin||August 1980||June 1983||Zhao Ziyang|
|5||Song Ping||June 1983||June 1987||Zhao Ziyang|
|6||Yao Yilin||June 1987||December 1989||Zhao Ziyang|
|7||Zou Jiahua||December 1989||March 1993||Li Peng|
|8||Chen Jinhua||March 1993||March 1998||Li Peng|
|9||Zeng Peiyan||Minister in charge of the
State Development Planning Commission
|March 1998||March 2003||Zhu Rongji|
|10||Ma Kai||Minister in charge of the
National Development and Reform Commission
|March 2003||March 2008||Wen Jiabao|
|11||Zhang Ping||March 2008||16 March 2013||Wen Jiabao|
|12||Xu Shaoshi||16 March 2013||24 February 2017||Li Keqiang|
|13||He Lifeng||24 February 2017||Incumbent||Li Keqiang|
NEA was established in August 2008, replacing the National Energy Bureau (NEB; 国家能源局) which attempted to reform China's highly dispersed energy management.