Han Zheng
Han in 2018
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
Assumed office
10 March 2023
PresidentXi Jinping
Preceded byWang Qishan
11th First Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China
In office
19 March 2018 – 12 March 2023
PremierLi Keqiang
Preceded byZhang Gaoli
Succeeded byDing Xuexiang
Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai
In office
20 November 2012 – 29 October 2017
DeputyYang Xiong (mayor)
Ying Yong (mayor)
General SecretaryXi Jinping
Preceded byYu Zhengsheng
Succeeded byLi Qiang
In office
24 September 2006 – 24 March 2007
General SecretaryHu Jintao
Preceded byChen Liangyu
Succeeded byXi Jinping
20th Mayor of Shanghai
In office
24 March 2003 – 26 December 2012
Preceded byChen Liangyu
Succeeded byYang Xiong
Personal details
Born (1954-04-22) 22 April 1954 (age 69)
Shanghai, China
Political partyChinese Communist Party (1979-present)
Spouse(s)Wan Ming
(m. 1984)
Alma materEast China Normal University, Fudan University
Leading Groups
and Commissions
Han Zheng
"Han Zheng" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese韩正
Traditional Chinese韓正

Han Zheng (Chinese: 韩正; pinyin: Hán Zhèng; born 22[citation needed] April 1954) is a Chinese politician serving as the current Vice President of the People's Republic of China since 2023. He previously served as Senior Vice Premier of the State Council from 2018. He has also been leader of the Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs from April 2018. From 2017 to 2022, he served as a member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Han served as Deputy Party Secretary and Mayor of Shanghai between 2003 and 2012. In November 2012, he was promoted to become the Party Secretary of Shanghai, the top political post in the city, and also gained a seat on the CCP Politburo.[1] On March 10 2023, Han Zheng who left the politburo standing committee in 2022, became the vice president of China.[2]

Han was once considered a member of the Shanghai clique, headed by former Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin.[3]

Early career

He was born in Shanghai,[citation needed] but traces his ancestry to Cixi, in neighbouring Zhejiang province.[4] He began work as a labourer at a warehouse in the latter years of the Cultural Revolution. He joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1979. He then worked at a chemical equipment company in an administrative role. Beginning in 1986, Han began working as a senior administrator at the municipal chemical engineering college, then worked as party secretary at the Shanghai Rubber Shoe Factory. By 1988, Han oversaw the party organization at the Shanghai Greater China Rubber Shoe Factory, and was praised by then Shanghai mayor Zhu Rongji.[5]

In June 1990, Han officially entered the Communist Youth League organization of Shanghai, and would rise to become its deputy secretary in charge of day-to-day work, then elevated to secretary (head) in 1991. In November 1992 he was named governor of Luwan District. During his tenure in the district, Han spearheaded the Huaihai Road revitalization initiative, transforming the street to a glamorous shopping destination. Han also focused on fixing the ecology of the district and expanding its green spaces. He then obtained a master's degree from East China Normal University and earned the title of senior economist.[6]

In July 1995, Han was named deputy secretary-general of the Shanghai municipal government, during which he was in charge of a committee on the economy, the municipal planning commission, and the director of the office in charge of securities regulations. In December 1997, he was named a member of the municipal Party Standing Committee for the first time, entering sub-provincial ranks. In February 1998 he was named vice-mayor of Shanghai; in May 2002 he was named Deputy Party Secretary of Shanghai.[6]

Han joined the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party at the 16th Party Congress in 2002. In 2003 he was named the Mayor of Shanghai at age 48, the youngest Mayor the city has seen in fifty years. A vocal advocate of the Shanghai real estate boom, Han has a largely positive image with the Shanghai citizenry for his openness and transparency. However, because he served under Chen Liangyu, the CCP Shanghai Secretary at the time, Han supported many of Chen's policies, notably those favouring Shanghai's regional development, in contrast to a more balanced approach favoured by the national leadership.

Political career

Leading Shanghai

Han with the President of Brazil, Lula da Silva in 2004

On 25 September 2006, Han became the acting Party Committee Secretary of Shanghai after the dismissal of Chen Liangyu over corruption probes during the Shanghai pension scandal. With what were believed to be stern messages sent by Party general secretary Hu Jintao, Han led a municipal task force to crack down on the corruption in Shanghai, and has since then been believed to be a Hu loyalist. His tenure as the interim party secretary in Shanghai lasted a mere five months, when on 24 March 2007, Xi Jinping was 'parachuted' into the office of Shanghai Party Secretary from the same post in the neighbouring province of Zhejiang. Xi later became the member of CCP Politburo Standing Committee after 17th Party Congress in October 2007. Han proved to be a 'political survivor' however, having served under party secretaries Chen Liangyu, Xi Jinping, and Yu Zhengsheng in the Mayor's office.

Han assumed the party secretary post in November 2012, shortly after the conclusion of the 18th Party Congress, and also gained a seat on the 18th Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party.

First Vice-Premier

Han was chosen to be a member of the 19th CCP Politburo Standing Committee, China's top decision-making body, at the 1st Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party on 25 October 2017.[7] In March 2018 the National People's Congress appointed him first-ranked Vice-Premier of the State Council. He succeeded as leader of the Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs in April 2018.

In March 2021, Han said that electoral reforms in Hong Kong, designed to reduce the power of district councillors and to increase the power of the election committee, were being implemented to "prevent subversion."[8]

On October 23, 2022, Han Zheng retired from the CCP politburo standing committee in the first plenary session of the 20th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, at the age of 68.[9]

Vice President

On March 10, 2023, Han Zheng was elected as the Vice President of China.[10]



  1. ^ 韩正辞去上海市市长职务 杨雄任上海市代市长. Eastday (in Chinese). 26 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  2. ^ "Han Zheng elected Chinese vice-president". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 10 March 2023.
  3. ^ "The Weakness of Xi Jinping". Foreign Affairs. 16 October 2022. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  4. ^ 韩正同志简历 (in Chinese (China)). Xinhua News Shanghai. 22 May 2012. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  5. ^ Xu Yanyan (14 August 2013). 韩正回忆朱镕基下工厂:第一句话就是批评 (in Chinese (China)). Yicai. Archived from the original on 24 August 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Biography of Han Zheng". China Vitae. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  7. ^ Wen, Philip; Blanchard, Ben (24 October 2017). "China unveils new leadership line-up with no clear successor to Xi". Reuters. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Han Zheng calls overhaul 'a war against subversion' - RTHK". news.rthk.hk. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  9. ^ "中共二十大闭幕:李克强汪洋韩正栗战书未名列中央委员". BBC News 中文 (in Simplified Chinese). Retrieved 10 March 2023.
  10. ^ "Han Zheng elected Chinese vice-president". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 10 March 2023.
Political offices Preceded byWang Qishan Vice President of the People's Republic of China 2023–present Incumbent Preceded byZhang Gaoli First Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China 2018–2023 Succeeded byDing Xuexiang Preceded byChen Liangyu Mayor of Shanghai 2003–2012 Succeeded byYang Xiong Party political offices Preceded byYu Zhengsheng Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai 2012–2017 Succeeded byLi Qiang Preceded byChen Liangyu Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai(Acting) 2006–2007 Succeeded byXi Jinping Order of precedence Preceded byZhao Lejias Discipline Inspection Secretary Rank of the Communist Party and the Government Succeeded byWang Qishanas Vice President