Chen Jining
陈吉宁
Chen in 2019
Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai
Assumed office
28 October 2022
MayorGong Zheng
Preceded byLi Qiang
Mayor of Beijing
In office
27 May 2017 – 28 October 2022
Party SecretaryCai Qi
Preceded byCai Qi
Succeeded byYin Yong
Minister of Environmental Protection
In office
27 February 2015 – 27 June 2017
PremierLi Keqiang
Preceded byZhou Shengxian
Succeeded byLi Ganjie
President of Tsinghua University
In office
20 February 2012 – 28 January 2015
Preceded byGu Binglin
Succeeded byQiu Yong
Personal details
Born (1964-02-04) 4 February 1964 (age 60)
Political partyChinese Communist Party
SpouseCathy Hu
Alma mater
OccupationAcademic, environmental engineer, ecologist, politician
Scientific career
FieldsCivil engineering
ThesisModelling and control of the activated sludge process: towards a systematic framework (1993)
Doctoral advisorM. B. Beck

Chen Jining (Chinese: 陈吉宁; pinyin: Chén Jí-níng; born 4 February 1964) is a Chinese environmental scientist and politician who has been serving as Chinese Communist Party Committee Secretary of Shanghai since October 2022. Chen is a member of the 20th Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party.

Chen graduated from the Imperial College London with a PhD in environmental systems analysis in 1992. Staying at the Imperial College after his graduation, he completed his postdoctoral studies in 1994 and served as an assistant researcher from 1994 to 1997. In 1998, he returned to his undergraduate alma mater Tsinghua University in Beijing to serve as vice chair of the Department of Environmental Science and Engineering. He then served as the university's vice president from 2006 to 2007, executive vice president from 2007 to 2012, and president from 2012 to 2015.

Joining the Chinese government in 2015, Chen served as Minister of Environmental Protection of China from 2015 to 2017, Vice Mayor of Beijing City from 2017 to 2018, and Mayor of Beijing City from 2018 to 2022.[1][2][3]

Early life and education

Chen was born and raised in Gaizhou, Liaoning, with ancestral home in Lishu County, Jilin.

In 1981, he attended Tsinghua University, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Engineering with a major in civil and environmental engineering in 1986 and earned a Master's degree in environmental engineering in 1988. Chen then went overseas to Brunel University London and earned a Doctor of Philosophy in Biochemistry. He continued his studies at Imperial College London where he earned a PhD in civil engineering in 1993. After graduation he worked as a research assistant at Imperial College London until 1998.[4][5][6][1][7]

Career

In March 1998, Chen left the UK and became the deputy director of the Environmental Engineering Department of Tsinghua University, rising to Director the next year. In February 2006, he was vice-president of Tsinghua University, a year later, he was promoted to become the Executive Vice-president. He concurrently served as Dean of the Graduate School of Tsinghua University from January 2010 to February 2012, Dean of the Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University between January 2010 to July 2011.

In February 2012, Chen was appointed president of Tsinghua University, he remained in that position until January 2015, when he was appointed Minister of Environmental Protection of China.[8][9]: 47  At the time of his appointment, he was the youngest member of Li Keqiang's cabinet.[8] In 2015, he was also a member of the judging panel for the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering.

Chen in 2015

In May 2017, Chen was appointed acting Mayor of Beijing, becoming the 17th person to hold the office since the founding of the People's Republic of China.[10]

Chen was a deputy to the 12th National People's Congress.[11]

He was awarded the Silver Olympic Order after the 2022 Winter Olympics.[12]

Chen became a member of the Politburo after the 20th Party Congress. Later Chen was transferred to Shanghai and became the party secretary of the city.

References

  1. ^ a b Bo Zhiyue (2015-03-04). "China's New Environmental Minister: A Rising Star". The Diplomat.
  2. ^ "China's Yin Yong named acting Beijing mayor - state media". Reuters. 2022-10-28. Retrieved 2022-10-28.
  3. ^ "State Council Appoints Dr. Chen Jining President Tsinghua University". Tsinghua University. 2012-02-21. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02.
  4. ^ PhD graduate 1993 - Chen Jining - website of Imperial College London
  5. ^ Chen Jining Archived 2018-07-06 at the Wayback Machine - website of Tsinghua University
  6. ^ "Chen Jining: Environmental Protector". China Pictorial. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  7. ^ "陈吉宁简历 _中国网". guoqing.china.com.cn. Retrieved 2023-03-04.
  8. ^ a b Zhou Qunfeng (September 2016). "Chen Jining: Green Warrior". News China. ISSN 1943-1902. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  9. ^ Hu, Richard (2023). Reinventing the Chinese City. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-21101-7.
  10. ^ 陈吉宁任北京代市长. Sina News (in Chinese (China)). 2017-05-27. Retrieved 2017-05-27.
  11. ^ 全国人大代表信息-陈吉宁 (in Chinese). National People's Congress. Archived from the original on 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
  12. ^ "IOC thanks Beijing 2022 for memorable Olympic Winter Games". International Olympic Committee. 2022-02-21. Retrieved 2022-02-21.
Educational offices Preceded byGu Binglin President of Tsinghua University 2012–2015 Succeeded byQiu Yong Government offices Preceded byZhou Shengxian Minister of Environmental Protection 2015–2017 Succeeded byLi Ganjie Preceded byCai Qi Mayor of Beijing 2017–2022 Succeeded byYin Yong Party political offices Preceded byLi Qiang Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai 2022– Incumbent