Ministry of Water Resources of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国水利部
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Shuǐlìbù
Agency overview
FormedSeptember 1954; 69 years ago (1954-09)
TypeConstituent Department of the State Council (cabinet-level executive department)
JurisdictionGovernment of China
HeadquartersBeijing
Minister responsible
Deputy Ministers responsible
Agency executive
  • Wang Xinzhe, Leader of Discipline Inspection & Supervision Team
Parent agencyState Council
Websitewww.mwr.gov.cn Edit this at Wikidata

The Ministry of Water Resources of the People's Republic of China is an executive department of the State Council of the People's Republic of China responsible for managing water resources in China. It is the 18th-ranking department of the State Council.

History

In 2018, some of the Ministry of Water Resources environmental policy functions were transferred to the newly created Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE),[1]: 95  including responsibility over water function zoning and watershed protection.[2] The Ministry of Water Resources also absorbed the Three Gorges Project Construction Committee and the South-North Water Diversion Project Construction Committee.[2]

Functions

The Ministry's duties include issuing water permits and fees, irrigation and drainage, conservation of water and soil, water technology, hydrology, flood control, drought relief, and international water issues and cooperation. It also directs the river basin authorities for six major river systems.[2]

There are several authorities responsible for water management in China. Water pollution is the responsibility of the environmental authorities, but the water itself is managed by the Ministry of Water Resources. Sewage is administered by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, but groundwater falls within the realm of the Ministry of Land and Resources.[3][needs update]

Leaders

Current principal leaders

The Ministry of Water Resources is directed by the Minister of Water Resources.[4]

Position Name of Person
Minister Chen Lei
Vice Minister E Jingping
Vice Minister Jiao Yong
The Leader of Discipline Inspection Team Tian Xuebin
Vice Minister Liu Ning
Vice Minister Tian Ye
Vice Minister Zhou Xuewen
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List of ministers

No. Name Took office Left office
1 Fu Zuoyi October 1949 February 1958
1958–79: merged with Ministry of Electric Power
2 Qian Zhengying (钱正英) February 1979 March 1982
1982–88: merged with Ministry of Electric Power
3 Yang Zhenhuai (杨振怀) April 1988 March 1993
4 Niu Maosheng (钮茂生) March 1993 November 1998
5 Wang Shucheng (汪恕诚) November 1998 April 2007
6 Chen Lei April 2007 March 2018
7 E Jingping March 2018 February 2021
8 Li Guoying February 2021 Incumbent

Organization

Administration

The Ministry of Water Resources consists of following departments and offices:[5]

Department Area of Responsibilities
1 General Office Coordinating activities among different departments
2 Department of Planning and Programming Developing national water resources development plans
3 Department of Policy, Law and Regulations Formulating water policies and relevant rules and regulations
4 Department of Water Resources Management Managing the water-drawing permit system and water resources fee system;
5 Department of Finance and Economics Formulating economic regulatory measures for the water industry
6 Department of Personnel, Labor and Education Managing personnel, establishment of institutions and their staffing, labor and wage management
7 Department of International Cooperation, Science and Technology Managing water issues foreign affairs between the Chinese Government and foreign governments, and for the development of science and technology for the water industry
8 Department of Construction and Management Formulating rules and regulations and technical standards for the management and protection of water areas,
9 Department of Water and Soil Conservation Water and soil conservation and coordinate the overall control of water and soil loss
10 Department of Irrigation, Drainage and Rural Water Supply Formulating policies and programs with respect to rural water resources and develop relevant specifications and standards
11 The Office of State Flood Control and Drought Relief headquarters Organizing nationwide activities of flood control and drought relief, undertake the day-to-day work

Other agencies

See also

References

  1. ^ Lewis, Joanna I. (2023). Cooperating for the Climate: Learning from International Partnerships in China's Clean Energy Sector. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-54482-5.
  2. ^ a b c "Decoding Chinese Politics". Asia Society. Retrieved October 2, 2023.
  3. ^ China's environmental governance
  4. ^ (in Chinese) The Ministry Of Water Resources Of The People's Republic Of China
  5. ^ (in Chinese) The Ministry Of Water Resources Of The People'S Republic Of China