China Meteorological Administration
Zhōngguó Qìxiàng Jú
Logo of CMA

Headquarters of CMA
Agency overview
FormedDecember 8, 1949; 74 years ago (1949-12-08)
Superseding agency
JurisdictionMainland China
Minister responsible
  • Chen Zhenlin [zh], Director
Parent agencyState Council
China Meteorological Administration
Simplified Chinese中国气象局
Traditional Chinese中國氣象局

The China Meteorological Administration (CMA) is the national weather service of the People's Republic of China. The institution is located in Beijing.[1]


The agency was originally established in December 1949 as the Central Military Commission Meteorological Bureau. It replaced the Central Weather Bureau formed in 1941. In 1994, the CMA was transformed from a subordinate governmental body into one of the public service agencies under the State Council.[2]

Meteorological bureaus are established in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, excluding meteorological services at Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. 14 meteorological bureaus at sub-provincial cities including 4 cities which have been specifically designated in the state development plan), 318 meteorological bureaus at prefecture level and 2,300 bureaus (stations) at county level.[2][3]

Subordinate bodies under the CMA

Beijing Meteorological Bureau, the capital weather forecasting office

See also

The Special Administrative Regions operate their own meteorological units outside of CMA:


  1. ^ "中国气象局_中国政府网". Retrieved 2022-08-05.
  2. ^ a b c history Archived 2008-05-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "机构设置-省(区、市)气象局". Retrieved 2022-08-05.