Central Party School of the Chinese Communist Party
中共中央党校
Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (20220802121621).jpg
TypeHigher education institution
Established1933
Parent institution
Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
PresidentChen Xi
Vice-presidentXie Chuntao (Executive)
Students1300
Address
100 Dayouzhuang Street
, ,
China

40°00′25″N 116°16′49″E / 40.0070°N 116.2802°E / 40.0070; 116.2802Coordinates: 40°00′25″N 116°16′49″E / 40.0070°N 116.2802°E / 40.0070; 116.2802
CampusUrban
Colors   
Websitewww.ccps.gov.cn
Danghui.svg
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese中共中央党校
Traditional Chinese中共中央黨校
Literal meaningChinese-Communist Central Party School

The Central Party School of the Chinese Communist Party (Chinese: 中共中央党校), commonly known as the Central Party School (Chinese: 中央党校), located in Beijing, is the higher education institution which trains Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cadres.[1][2][3] As of 2012, it has around 1,600 students. The current president is Chen Xi, a member of the CCP Politburo. The location of the school is now in Haidian district, Beijing close to the Old Summer Palace and Summer Palace.

History

The Party School was established as the CCP Central Committee's Marx School of Communism (simplified Chinese: 中共中央马克思共产主义学校; traditional Chinese: 中共中央馬克思共產主義學校; pinyin: Zhōnggòng Zhōngyāng Mǎkèsī Gòngchǎnzhǔyì Xuéxiào) in Ruijin, Jiangxi in 1933. It folded when the Red Army left on the Long March and was revived again once the CCP leadership had arrived and settled in Shaanxi, northwest China, in the winter of 1936. It was then renamed the Central Party School. The School was suspended in 1947 when the CCP retreated from Yan'an. It was re-opened in 1948 in a village in Pingshan County, Hebei province, before being moved to Beijing after the CCP captured the city in 1949.[4]

In 1955 the school was re-organized so that it came directly under the jurisdiction of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party.[5] Then in 1966 the school was abolished during the Cultural Revolution, before being duly restored in March 1977.[6] Since 1989 the school has been headed by the top-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat, who is concurrently a member of the Politburo Standing Committee. In practice the day-to-day affairs of the school is managed by the executive vice president, who is generally regarded to have the same ranking as a cabinet minister.

Dissent

In June 2020, Cai Xia, a retired professor of the Central Party School, criticized Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the CCP. In a 20-minute audio on China social networking sites, she called Xi a "mafia boss" and the ruling Communist Party a "political zombie”. She said that everyone is Xi's slave, and there is no human rights and rule of law. She suggested that Xi should retire.[7] On August 17, 2020, Cai was expelled from the Central Party School and her retirement pension was cancelled.[8]

Publications

The Central Party School publishes the Study Times (学习时报Xuéxí Shíbào), which provides an explanation of the relationships between the CCP Central Committee's directives and the underlying political theory and ideology.[9][10]

Presidents

  1. Li Weihan (李维汉): 1933–1935
  2. Dong Biwu (董必武): 1935–1937
  3. Li Weihan (李维汉): 1937–1938
  4. Kang Sheng (康生): 1938–1939
  5. Deng Fa (邓发): 1939–1942
  6. Mao Zedong: 1942–1947
  7. Liu Shaoqi (刘少奇): 1948–1953
  8. Kai Feng (凯丰): 1953–1954
  9. Li Zhuoran (李卓然): 1954–1955
  10. Yang Xianzhen (杨献珍): 1955–1961
  11. Wang Congwu (王从吾): 1961–1963
  12. Lin Feng (林枫): 1963–1966
  13. Hua Guofeng (华国锋): 1977–1982
  14. Wang Zhen (王震): 1982–1987
  15. Gao Yang (高扬): 1987–1989
  16. Qiao Shi (乔石): 1989–1993
  17. Hu Jintao (胡锦涛): 1993–2002
  18. Zeng Qinghong (曾庆红): 2002–2007
  19. Xi Jinping (习近平): 2007–2013
  20. Liu Yunshan (刘云山): 2013–2017
  21. Chen Xi (陈希): 2017–

See also

References

  1. ^ Liu, Alan P. L. (2009). "Rebirth and Secularization of the Central Party School in China". The China Journal. 62 (62): 105–125. doi:10.1086/tcj.62.20648116. S2CID 140813703. ProQuest 222740035.
  2. ^ Buckley, Chris; Bradsher, Keith (July 4, 2021). "'Red Cradles' Nurture China's Next Generation of Communist Leaders". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 29, 2022. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
  3. ^ "Party Rules: China's Communist Party Goes for Quality Over Quantity". The Wall Street Journal. January 5, 2017. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on September 14, 2022. Retrieved September 25, 2022.
  4. ^ Shambaugh, David (2008). "Training China's Political Elite: The Party School System". The China Quarterly. 196 (3057410): 827–824. doi:10.1017/S0305741008001148. S2CID 154609177. ProQuest 229490701.
  5. ^ Tian, Gang; Tsai, Wen-Hsuan (January 1, 2021). "Ideological Education and Practical Training at a County Party School: Shaping Local Governance in Contemporary China". The China Journal. 85: 1–25. doi:10.1086/711562. ISSN 1324-9347. S2CID 230594890.
  6. ^ Doyon, Jérôme; Keller, Franziska Barbara (November 2020). "Knowing the Wrong Cadre? Networks and Promotions in the Chinese Party-State". Political Studies. 68 (4): 1036–1053. doi:10.1177/0032321719888854. ISSN 0032-3217. S2CID 214083283. Archived from the original on April 15, 2022. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  7. ^ 安德烈 (June 4, 2020). "前中共中央党校教授蔡霞:换人 中国才有希望". RFI. Archived from the original on July 6, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  8. ^ "The CCP's Central Party School (College of National Administration) severely dealt with the serious violation of discipline by retired teacher Cai Xia". CCP’s Central Party School (College of National Administration). Archived from the original on August 17, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  9. ^ Lau Chung-Ming; Shen Jianfa (2000). China Review. Chinese University Press. p. xxxvi. ISBN 9789622019454. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  10. ^ Timothy R. Heath (May 23, 2016). China's New Governing Party Paradigm: Political Renewal and the Pursuit of National Rejuvenation. Routledge. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-317-16711-2. Archived from the original on March 3, 2021. Retrieved December 26, 2017.