|Type||Higher education institution|
|Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party|
|Vice-president||Xie Chuntao (Executive)|
100 Dayouzhuang Street,
|Literal meaning||Chinese-Communist Central Party School|
The Central Party School of the Chinese Communist Party (Chinese: 中共中央党校), commonly known as the Central Party School (Chinese: 中央党校), located in Beijing, is the higher education institution which trains Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cadres. As of 2012, it has around 1,600 students. The current president is Chen Xi, a member of the CCP Politburo. The location of the school is now in Haidian district, Beijing close to the Old Summer Palace and Summer Palace.
The Party School was established as the CCP Central Committee's Marx School of Communism (simplified Chinese: 中共中央马克思共产主义学校; traditional Chinese: 中共中央馬克思共產主義學校; pinyin: Zhōnggòng Zhōngyāng Mǎkèsī Gòngchǎnzhǔyì Xuéxiào) in Ruijin, Jiangxi in 1933. It folded when the Red Army left on the Long March and was revived again once the CCP leadership had arrived and settled in Shaanxi, northwest China, in the winter of 1936. It was then renamed the Central Party School. The School was suspended in 1947 when the CCP retreated from Yan'an. It was re-opened in 1948 in a village in Pingshan County, Hebei province, before being moved to Beijing after the CCP captured the city in 1949.
In 1955 the school was re-organized so that it came directly under the jurisdiction of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party. Then in 1966 the school was abolished during the Cultural Revolution, before being duly restored in March 1977. Since 1989 the school has been headed by the top-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat, who is concurrently a member of the Politburo Standing Committee. In practice the day-to-day affairs of the school is managed by the executive vice president, who is generally regarded to have the same ranking as a cabinet minister.
In June 2020, Cai Xia, a retired professor of the Central Party School, criticized Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the CCP. In a 20-minute audio on China social networking sites, she called Xi a "mafia boss" and the ruling Communist Party a "political zombie”. She said that everyone is Xi's slave, and there is no human rights and rule of law. She suggested that Xi should retire. On August 17, 2020, Cai was expelled from the Central Party School and her retirement pension was cancelled.
The Central Party School publishes the Study Times (学习时报Xuéxí Shíbào), which provides an explanation of the relationships between the CCP Central Committee's directives and the underlying political theory and ideology.