This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources.Find sources: "12th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2019)
.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Chinese. (July 2021) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Chinese article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Chinese Wikipedia article at [[:zh:中国共产党第十二次全国代表大会]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|zh|中国共产党第十二次全国代表大会)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
12th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party
CCP flag
The flag of the Chinese Communist Party before 1996
Date1–11 September 1982 (10 days)
LocationGreat Hall of the People, Beijing, China
Participants1,600 delegates
OutcomeElection of the 12th Central Committee and 12th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
12th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party
Simplified Chinese中国共产党第十二次全国代表大会
Traditional Chinese中國共產黨第十二次全國代表大會
Abbreviated name

The 12th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was convened from September 1–11, 1982. The path of modernization through socialism was laid out. 1,600 delegates and 160 alternate delegates represented the party's 39.65 million members. It was preceded by the 11th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, and succeeded by the 13th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. It coincided with the time in which leader Deng Xiaoping was Chairman of the Central Advisory Commission.[1]


At the 12th National Congress, Hu Yaobang's report addressed the Chinese diplomatic concept of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, stating, "China adheres to an independent foreign policy and develops relationships with other countries under the guidance of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence."[1] According to the view articulated by Hu in his report, "China will never be dependent on any big country or group of countries, nor will it yield to the pressure of any big country [...] The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence apply to our relations with all countries, including socialist countries."[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b "12th National Congress". Archived from the original on 2019-01-08. Retrieved 2019-03-15.
  2. ^ Huang, Yibing (2020). An ideological history of the Communist Party of China. Vol. 3. Qian Zheng, Guoyou Wu, Xuemei Ding, Li Sun, Shelly Bryant. Montreal, Quebec. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-4878-0425-1. OCLC 1165409653.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)