Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the
Communist Party of China
中国共产党中央纪律检查委员会书记
Incumbent
Li Xi
since 23 October 2022
Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
StatusSub-national leader level official
ResidenceZhongnanhai
SeatBeijing
AppointerPlenary session of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderWang Hebo
Formation9 May 1927; 96 years ago (1927-05-09)

The secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) is the head of the aforementioned body. The office is a leading political position, and the officeholder has been a member of the Politburo Standing Committee, the highest decision-making body of the Chinese Communist Party, since 19 September 1997. The current secretary is Li Xi, who was elected by the 1st Plenary Session of the 20th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection on 23 October 2022 and approved by the 20th Central Committee on the same day. The role is roughly analogous to that of the Chairman of the Central Control Commission in other communist countries.

An ad-hoc Central Control Committee was established by the 7th National Congress in 1945, but the 7th Central Committee never elected it.

Titles

Leader titles of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Chinese Communist Party
[1]
Title Existence Established
Secretary of the Central Supervisory Commission 1927–1928 5th National Congress
Secretary of the Central Review Committee 1928–1934 6th National Congress
Secretary of the Central Party Affairs Commission 1934–1945 Decision of the 6th Politburo
Secretary of the Central Control Committee 1945–1949 7th National Congress
First Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection 1949–1955 Decision of the 7th Politburo
Secretary of the Central Supervisory Commission 1955–1969 1st National Conference
First Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection 1978–1987 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee
Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection 1987 onwards 13th National Congress

Officeholders

Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Chinese Communist Party
[1]
No. Officeholder Hanzi Took office Left office Length of tenure Term of office Birth PM Death Ref.
1 Wang Hebo 王荷波 9 May 1927 11 November 1927 186 days 5th
(1927–1928)
1882 1922 1927 [2]
2 Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 18 July 1928 18 January 1934 5 years, 184 days 6th
(1928–1945)
1898 1921 1969 [3]
3 Li Weihan 李维汉 18 January 1934 11 June 1945 11 years, 144 days 6th
(1928–1945)
1896 1921 1984 [4]
4 Zhu De 朱德 9 November 1949 31 March 1955 5 years, 83 days 7th
(1949–1956)
1886 1925 1976 [5]
5 Dong Biwu 董必武 31 March 1955 24 April 1969 14 years, 24 days 7th
(1949–1956)
8th
(1956–1969)
1886 1921 1975 [6]
6 Chen Yun 陈云 22 December 1978 1 November 1987 8 years, 314 days 11th
(1978–1982)
12th
(1982–1987)
1905 1924 1995 [7]
7 Qiao Shi 乔石 1 November 1987 19 October 1992 4 years, 353 days 13th
(1987–1992)
1924 1940 2015 [8]
8 Wei Jianxing 尉健行 19 October 1992 15 November 2002 10 years, 27 days 14th
(1992–1997)
15th
(1997–2002)
1931 1949 2015 [9]
9 Wu Guanzheng 吴官正 15 November 2002 22 October 2007 4 years, 341 days 16th
(2002–2007)
1938 1963 Alive [10]
10 He Guoqiang 贺国强 22 October 2007 15 November 2012 5 years, 24 days 17th
(2007–2012)
1943 1966 Alive [11]
11 Wang Qishan 王岐山 15 November 2012 25 October 2017 4 years, 344 days 18th
(2012–2017)
1948 1983 Alive [12]
12 Zhao Leji 赵乐际 25 October 2017 23 October 2022 4 years, 363 days 19th
(2017–2022)
1957 1975 Alive [13]
13 Li Xi Li Xi 李希 23 October 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 191 days 20th
(2022–2027)
1956 1982 Alive [14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "历史沿革" [History] (in Chinese). Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. 19 December 2022. Archived from the original on 18 August 2023. Retrieved 18 August 2023.
  2. ^ "王荷波" [Wang Hebo]. The Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China. 10 October 2008. Archived from the original on 15 August 2023. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
  3. ^ North, Robert C. "Liu Shaoqi". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 30 July 2023. Retrieved 30 July 2023.
  4. ^ "李维汉 (1896—1984)" [Li Weihan (1896—1984)] (in Chinese). Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. Archived from the original on 30 July 2023. Retrieved 30 July 2023.
  5. ^ "Zhu De". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 26 July 2023. Retrieved 26 July 2023.
  6. ^ "董必武(1886—1975)" [Dong Biwu(1886—1975)]. Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. Archived from the original on 26 July 2023. Retrieved 26 July 2023.
  7. ^ Tyler, Patrick E. (12 April 1995). "Chen Yun, Who Slowed China's Shift to Market, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 6 December 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2023.
  8. ^ Levine, Steven. "Qiao Shi". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 25 July 2023. Retrieved 25 July 2023.
  9. ^ "前中共紀委書記尉健行逝世" [Wei Jianxing, former secretary of the CCP's Discipline Inspection Commission, passed away] (in Chinese). BBC News. 7 August 2015. Archived from the original on 25 July 2023. Retrieved 25 July 2023.
  10. ^ "Wu Guanzheng". China Internet Information Center. Archived from the original on 24 July 2023. Retrieved 24 July 2023.
  11. ^ "He Guoqiang". China Today . Archived from the original on 24 July 2023. Retrieved 24 July 2023.
  12. ^ Pletcher, Kenneth. "Wang Qishan". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 22 July 2023. Retrieved 23 July 2023.
  13. ^ Li, Cheng. "Zhao Leji 赵乐际" (PDF). Brookings Institution. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 December 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2023.
  14. ^ Li, Cheng. "Li Xi 李希" (PDF). Brookings Institution. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 October 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2023.