The Xishan Society (simplified Chinese: 西山会; traditional Chinese: 西山會; pinyin: Xīshān Huì; lit. 'Western Hills Meeting') was an association consisting of prominent politicians from Shanxi province in China. The group was formed sometime around 2007, and was described as a "loose alliance" between officials and businesspeople, and allegedly operated somewhat like a secret society. The society is discussed at length in Datieji (打铁记 "Fighting Iron"), a book by journalist Luo Changping (罗昌平) about the investigation into former economic official Liu Tienan.[1]

The group was said to have consisted of full and alternate members of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party who had roots or were otherwise associated with Shanxi province, and select wealthy businesspeople. They were said to have met once every three months in the Western Hills of Beijing (hence Xishan).[2] The name "Xishan" is also the characters of "Shanxi" in reverse order. Members are taken to the site of the meetings by luxury vehicles, and must surrender their mobile phones. Secretaries and romantic partners were not allowed at the meeting sites.[1]

As the organization did not have a formal charter nor any known written records, there have been suggestions that the reports about the group have been exaggerated, or that it is a fairly routine gathering of friends with similar interests.[3] Nevertheless, Datieji asserted that membership in the society was a sure "ticket to high office," and alleged that Liu Tienan had used the network to gain his promotions.[1]

Suggested members

The following people have been named in Chinese-language media reports but not independently verified.[4]


  1. ^ a b c "《打铁记》第15章:山西"西山会"". Zhenhua (163). Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "西山会名册曝光 申维辰令政策刘铁男丁书苗陈川平". Xiluwang. December 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Shanxi graft probe ignites rumors of mysterious 'Xishan Club'". Want China Times.
  4. ^ a b Wang, Ya (December 24, 2014). "西山会引爆舆论 令计划的政治图谋". Duowei News.
  5. ^ Beijing, Reuters in (2016-07-04). "Chinese court jails former presidential aide Ling Jihua for life". the Guardian. Retrieved 2022-04-27. ((cite web)): |first= has generic name (help)
  6. ^ "Brother of former aide to Hu Jintao jailed". South China Morning Post. 2016-12-16. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
  7. ^ "中科协原党组书记申维辰受贿9500万 一审被判无期_新闻_腾讯网". Retrieved 2022-04-27.