Fang Fenghui
Chief of Joint Staff
In office
January 2016 – August 2017
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byLi Zuocheng
Personal details
Ma Xianyang (马咸阳)[1]

April 1951 (age 72–73)
Xunyi County, Shaanxi, China
Political partyChinese Communist Party (1975–2018, expelled)
Alma materPLA National Defence University
National University of Defence Technology
Military service
Allegiance China
Branch/service People's Liberation Army Ground Force
Years of service1968−2018
Rank General (stripped in 2018)
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese房峰輝
Simplified Chinese房峰辉

Fang Fenghui (born April 1951) is a former top general in the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA). He served as the Chief of Joint Staff and a member of the Central Military Commission. He was placed under investigation for corruption in 2017 and subsequently convicted.


Fang was born Ma Xianyang (马咸阳) in Chidao Township, Xunyi County, Shaanxi Province.[2] His father Ma Guoxuan (马国选) was a military and government officer who died in 1960.[2] After his mother Fang Linjiang (房林江) remarried in Bin County, he renamed himself Fang Fenghui using his mother's surname.[2][3][4]

Fang joined the PLA in February 1968, at the height of the Cultural Revolution. He served in Xinjiang in his early career. He later served as commander of the Beijing Military Region (2007–2012).[5] and commander of Guangzhou Military Region (2003–2007). Fang achieved the rank of Major general in 1998, Lieutenant general in July 2005 and general in July 2010. He was appointed as the Chief of Joint Staff on October 25, 2012, succeeding Chen Bingde; when the Joint Staff department was re-organized in 2016 as a new organ under the Central Military Commission, Fang continued his role as chief of the joint staff.[6]

During the 60th anniversary of the People's Republic of China, Fang served as the commanding officer of the military contingent during the inspection parade of then Central Military Commission chairman Hu Jintao.

In August 2017, Fang was placed under investigation for corruption. He was sent to military procuratorial organs in January 2018.[7][8] He was expelled from the Communist Party on October 16, 2018.[9] On February 20, 2019, Fang was sentenced to life imprisonment for bribery.[10]

Fang was a member of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party.


  1. ^ 房峰辉原名"马咸阳"生父是老革命 与张阳同日被查. (in Chinese). 2018-01-15.
  2. ^ a b c Tian Liang (2018). 《郭伯雄徐才厚流毒、最后一任总参谋长房峰辉落马记》. Huanqiu Renwu 《环球人物》 [Global People] (in Chinese). Vol. 365. Beijing: People's Daily Agency. pp. 20–24. ISSN 1673-6176.
  3. ^ 房峰辉原名"马咸阳"生父是老革命 与张阳同日被查. SinovisionNET (in Chinese). 2018-01-15. Archived from the original on 2019-01-20. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  4. ^ 房峰辉往事:原名"马咸阳",母亲改嫁后改名改姓. Eastday (in Chinese). 2018-01-15. Archived from the original on 2018-03-20. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  5. ^ Bo Zhiyue (2009). China's Elite Politics: Governance and Democratization, Volume 17. World Scientific. p. 118. ISBN 978-981-283-672-4.
  6. ^ The Wall Street Journal, Oct 26-28, 2012, p. 3.
  7. ^ "Chinese general reported to be facing corruption probe off military delegation to party congress". South China Morning Post. 6 September 2017.
  8. ^ 房峰辉因涉嫌行贿、受贿犯罪被移送军事检察机关依法处理. Tencent. 2018-01-09. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
  9. ^ (2018-10-16). "中共中央决定给予房峰辉开除党籍处分 将房峰辉涉嫌严重违法犯罪案移送审查起诉".
  10. ^ Xinhua (2019-02-20). "房峰辉被判处无期徒刑". Archived from the original on February 21, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
Military offices Preceded byZheng Shouzeng [zh] Commander of the 21st Group Army 1999–2003 Succeeded byXu Fenlin Preceded byGao Chunxiang [zh] Chief of Staff of the Guangzhou Military Region 2003–2007 Preceded byZhu Qi Commander of the Beijing Military Region 2007–2012 Succeeded byZhang Shibo Preceded byChen Bingde Chief of the People's Liberation Army General Staff Department 2012–2015 Succeeded byPosition revoked New title Chief of Joint Staff Department of the Central Military Commission 2016–2017 Succeeded byLi Zuocheng