|Type||Policy coordination and consultation body|
Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office Chief
|Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party|
|Subsidiaries||Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office|
|Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs|
The Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs (Chinese: 中央港澳工作领导小组; pinyin: Zhōngyāng Gǎng Ao Gōngzuò Lǐngdǎo Xiǎozǔ) is an internal policy coordination group of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the State Council of the People's Republic of China, reporting to the CCP Politburo, in charge of supervising and coordinating Beijing's policy towards the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. The Group is the highest de facto body for China's policy towards Hong Kong and Macau.
The General Office for the group is also known as the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office.
The Group was established as the Central Coordination Group for Hong Kong and Macau Affairs on 17 August 1978 though an informal Hong Kong-Macau affairs group had formed much earlier. Its founding memo described the group's aim as "seek truth from facts, approach things appropriately according to the situation, do not assume what works in the mainland will work elsewhere, be flexible."
In order to deal with increasingly serious July 1 marches in Hong Kong in 2003, then Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) member and Vice President Zeng Qinghong became leader of the group that year, and China's policy towards the SARs underwent significant reforms. Most notably, the group enacted the Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA) and the Mainland and Macau Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement, preferential trade agreements, and the Individual Visit Scheme, which allowed mainlanders to visit Hong Kong and Macau on an individual basis without having to apply for group visas or go through officially approved tour groups. Since 2003, the group has always been led by a member of the PSC.
In 2020, in the context of the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests, the group was upgraded from a Central Coordination Group to a Central Leading Group.