Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs
中央港澳工作领导小组
Danghui.svg
FormationAugust 1978
TypePolicy coordination and consultation body
Location
  • Beijing
Leader
Han Zheng[1]
Deputy Leaders
Sun Chunlan
Yang Jiechi
You Quan
Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office Chief
Xia Baolong
Parent organisation
Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
SubsidiariesHong Kong and Macau Affairs Office
Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs
Simplified Chinese中央港澳工作领导小组
Traditional Chinese中央港澳工作領導小組

The Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs (Chinese: 中央港澳工作领导小组; pinyin: Zhōngyāng Gǎng Ao Gōngzuò Lǐngdǎo Xiǎozǔ) is an internal policy coordination group of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the State Council of the People's Republic of China, reporting to the CCP Politburo, in charge of supervising and coordinating Beijing's policy towards the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. The Group is the highest de facto body for China's policy towards Hong Kong and Macau.

The General Office for the group is also known as the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office.

History

The Group was established as the Central Coordination Group for Hong Kong and Macau Affairs on 17 August 1978 though an informal Hong Kong-Macau affairs group had formed much earlier.[2] Its founding memo described the group's aim as "seek truth from facts, approach things appropriately according to the situation, do not assume what works in the mainland will work elsewhere, be flexible."

In order to deal with increasingly serious July 1 marches in Hong Kong in 2003, then Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) member and Vice President Zeng Qinghong became leader of the group that year, and China's policy towards the SARs underwent significant reforms. Most notably, the group enacted the Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA) and the Mainland and Macau Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement, preferential trade agreements, and the Individual Visit Scheme, which allowed mainlanders to visit Hong Kong and Macau on an individual basis without having to apply for group visas or go through officially approved tour groups. Since 2003, the group has always been led by a member of the PSC.

In 2020, in the context of the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests, the group was upgraded from a Central Coordination Group to a Central Leading Group.[3]

List of Leaders

  1. Zeng Qinghong (2003–2007)
  2. Xi Jinping (2007–2012)
  3. Zhang Dejiang (2012–2018)
  4. Han Zheng (2018–present)

Current composition

Leader
Deputy Leaders
  1. Xia Baolong, Director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office
  2. Zhao Kezhi, Minister of Public Security
Members
  1. Yang Jiechi, CCP Politburo member, Director of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission Office
  2. Li Xi, CCP Politburo member, Party Secretary of Guangdong
  3. Zhang Xiaoming, deputy director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office
  4. You Quan, CCP Secretariat member, Head of the CCP United Front Work Department
  5. Luo Huining, Director of the Central Government Liaison Office in Hong Kong
  6. Fu Ziying, Director of the Central Government Liaison Office in Macau

See also

References

  1. ^ Pomfret, James; Torode, Greg (August 30, 2019). "Exclusive: Amid crisis, China rejected Hong Kong plan to appease protesters - sources". Reuters. Archived from the original on 31 August 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  2. ^ "1978年8月12日 中央决定成立港澳小组". People's Daily. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-12-28.
  3. ^ "National security law: Hong Kong delegates to NPC say US retaliatory measures will not weaken Beijing's resolve". South China Morning Post. 29 May 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.