All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce
AbbreviationACFIC
Formation1953
TypeBusiness association
Legal statusPeople's organization
Location
Key people
Gao Yunlong
(President)
Websitewww.chinachamber.org.cn (in English)
www.acfic.org.cn (in Chinese)

The All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce (ACFIC; simplified Chinese: 中华全国工商业联合会; traditional Chinese: 中華全國工商業聯合會; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Quánguó Gōngshāngyè Liánhéhuì) is a non-governmental chamber of commerce, established in 1953 as a successor to the chambers of commerce that were first founded during the Qing dynasty. Today, it consists of Chinese industrialists and business people under the leadership of the United Front Work Department of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), as well as being a constituent organization of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and the holder of a number of seats in the National People's Congress.[1] The organization assists the government in managing China's private sector economy and acts as a bridge between the private sector entities and the government.[2][3][4]

Core functions

The core responsibilities of the ACFIC are to:[2]

Structure

The agency is structured into the following departments:[5]

Leadership

Since November 2002 to 2012, the ACFIC had been led by Chairman Huang Mengfu (Chinese: 黄孟复), who, like his predecessors, was also a vice chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference National Committee, ranking as a national leader of China. His predecessor was Jing Shuping, founder of the first private bank in modern China and the son of a well-known entrepreneur of the later Qing Dynasty.

First vice-chairman of the ACFIC is Quan Zhezhu (Jeon Cheol-su)(Chinese: 全哲洙), a deputy minister of the United Front Department originally from Jilin. ACFIC has another 23 vice-chairpersons, most of them private entrepreneurs.[6]

Regional federations

More than 3,000 regional federations of industry and commerce (FIC) have been established in all provinces and prefectures and most counties of China. As of 2009, they listed a combined membership of 2.6 million private enterprises. The relationship between ACFIC and the regional FIC is described as a role of guidance, but the statute of ACFIC is also valid for the regional federations.[7]

In September 2020, the CCP announced that it would establish more party committees in regional FICs, and would arrange a special liaison between them and the CCP.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Groot, Gerry (June 19, 2018). "Understanding the Role of Chambers of Commerce and Industry Associations in United Front Work". Jamestown Foundation. Archived from the original on September 11, 2019. Retrieved 2019-09-14.
  2. ^ a b Weil, Stefanie (2016-12-01). Lobbying and Foreign Interests in Chinese Politics. Springer. pp. 82–118. ISBN 978-1-137-55620-2.
  3. ^ Dotson, John (September 28, 2020). "The CCP's New Directives for United Front Work in Private Enterprises". Jamestown Foundation. Retrieved 2020-09-30.
  4. ^ Yan, Xiaojun; Huang, Jie (2017). "Navigating Unknown Waters: The Chinese Communist Party's New Presence in the Private Sector". China Review. 17 (2): 37–63. ISSN 1680-2012. JSTOR 44440170.
  5. ^ "About US". Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  6. ^ "ACFIC Leaders". Archived from the original on 2010-08-28. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  7. ^ "ACFIC Website (in Chinese)". Archived from the original on 2010-08-23. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
  8. ^ General Office of the CPC Central Committee. "Opinions on Strengthening the United Front Work of Private Economy in the New Era". Xinhua net. Archived from the original on 18 October 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2020.