.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Chinese. (March 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 301 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Chinese Wikipedia article at [[:zh:“四个全面”战略布局]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|zh|“四个全面”战略布局)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

The Four Comprehensives, or the Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy[1] (Chinese: 四个全面战略布局) is a list of political goals for China, put forward by Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in 2014. They are:

  1. Comprehensively build a moderately prosperous society
  2. Comprehensively deepen reform
  3. Comprehensively govern the nation according to law
  4. Comprehensively strictly govern the Party.[2]

Some scholars argue that there are the same or very similar statements of the "four comprehensives" in Deng Xiaoping Theory.[3]

Comprehensively build a moderately prosperous society (Xiaokang society)

The term "moderately prosperous society" dated back to 1979, when Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping said to visiting Japanese Prime Minister Masayoshi Ōhira that "Xiaokang society was the goal of Chinese modernization".[4]

In 1997, the term "building a moderately prosperous society" was officially adopted in General Secretary Jiang Zemin's report to the 15th CCP National Congress.[5]

In 2002, the term was changed to "comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society" in the report to the 16th CCP National Congress.[6]

In 2012, "Completing the Building of a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects" was first introduced in Hu Jintao's report to the 18th CCP National Congress.[7]


The Four Comprehensives have been developed incrementally during the early years of Xi's tenure:[8]


The “Four Comprehensives” were met with mixed reactions among citizens in China. Many voices associated with the Communist Party praised Xi's new vision for China, some calling the “Four Comprehensives” “profound strategic thinking” and a “visionary guide for China's future”. The ambiguity of the goals laid out by Xi allows him and other ranking party officials to act under some level of secrecy. While Chinese citizens may not be aware of specific policies being passed, they may be supportive of Xi's goals for China, regardless of whether the policies being passed align with these goals or not. Some of the disdain for Xi's “Four Comprehensives” may also spawn from the ambiguity in the goals. Some citizens were concerned with the actions the party would take to achieve these goals because this was never really made clear.[9]

See also


  1. ^ "今年首批中央文献重要术语"外语版"出炉 共30个". www.guancha.cn. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
  2. ^ "China's Xi Jinping unveils new 'four comprehensives' slogans - BBC News". BBC News. February 25, 2015. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
  3. ^ "党媒造势"四个全面" 中共举新理论大旗_中国-多维新闻网". news.dwnews.com. February 26, 2015. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  4. ^ "1979年12月6号 邓小平谈"小康"--资料中心--中国共产党新闻网". cpc.people.com.cn. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  5. ^ "江泽民在中国共产党第十五次全国代表大会上的报告". www.gov.cn. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  6. ^ "江泽民提出全面建设小康社会的奋斗目标". www.people.com.cn. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  7. ^ 陈霞. "Full text: Report of Hu Jintao to the 18th CPC National Congress". www.china.org.cn. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  8. ^ "港媒:"四个全面"凸显治国总体方略顶层设计". China News Service. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
  9. ^ [1]