|English name||709 Crackdown|
|Date||July 9, 2015|
|Location||Beijing, Mainland China|
|Target||Human rights lawyers, civil rights defenders, activists|
|Organized by||Xi Jinping Administration, Chinese Communist Party; Ministry of Public Security|
|Outcome||Repression of Chinese civil society and arrest of hundreds of human rights lawyers,disbarrment|
|Charges||Subversion of state power, picking quarrels and provoking trouble|
The 709 Crackdown (Chinese: 中国709维权律师大抓捕事件; pinyin: Zhōngguó 709 wéiquán lǜshī dàzhuābǔ shìjiàn; lit. 'China 709 mass arrest of civil rights lawyers incident' or 709案 '709 Case' for short) was a nationwide crackdown on Chinese lawyers and human rights activists instigated during the summer of 2015. It is known as the "709 crackdown" as it started on 9 July 2015.
Yaqiu Wang of Human Rights Watch commented that "the 709 crackdown dealt a terrible blow to China’s rights-defense movement, which significantly contracted as rights lawyers were jailed, disbarred or placed under surveillance".
More than 300 people were detained as part of the 2015 crackdown. Some of the notable people affected by the crackdown are listed below.
On 17 June 2020, according to a report from Deutsche Welle, Yu Wensheng, who had defended Wang Quanzhang and publicly called for the removal of Xi as well as for reforms in the legal and political systems, was sentenced to four years in prison and deprived of political rights for three years.