.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Chinese. (March 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Chinese Wikipedia article at [[:zh:中國709維權律師大抓捕事件]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|zh|中國709維權律師大抓捕事件)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
709 Crackdown on Human Rights Lawyers
Native name 中国709维权律师大抓捕事件
English name709 Crackdown
DateJuly 9, 2015 (2015-07-09)
LocationBeijing, Mainland China
TargetHuman rights lawyers, civil rights defenders, activists
Organized byXi Jinping Administration, Chinese Communist Party; Ministry of Public Security
OutcomeRepression of Chinese civil society and arrest of hundreds of human rights lawyers,disbarment
ChargesSubversion of state power, picking quarrels and provoking trouble

The 709 Crackdown (Chinese: 中国709维权律师大抓捕事件; pinyin: Zhōngguó 709 wéiquán lǜshī dàzhuābǔ shìjiàn; lit. 'China 709 mass arrest of civil rights lawyers incident' or 709案 '709 Case' for short) was a nationwide crackdown on Chinese lawyers and human rights activists instigated during the summer of 2015. It is known as the "709 crackdown" as it started on 9 July 2015.[1]

Yaqiu Wang of Human Rights Watch commented that "the 709 crackdown dealt a terrible blow to China's rights-defense movement, which significantly contracted as rights lawyers were jailed, disbarred or placed under surveillance".[2]


More than 300 people were detained as part of the 2015 crackdown.[3] Some of the notable people affected by the crackdown are listed below.

On 17 June 2020, according to a report from Deutsche Welle, Yu Wensheng, who had defended Wang Quanzhang and publicly called for the removal of Xi as well as for reforms in the legal and political systems, was sentenced to four years in prison and deprived of political rights for three years.[8]

See also


  1. ^ Sudworth, John (22 May 2017). "Wang Quanzhang: The lawyer who simply vanished". BBC News. Archived from the original on 27 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  2. ^ Green, David (26 December 2018). "Chinese rights lawyer fires his own state-appointed lawyer in a dramatic court appearance". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 27 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  3. ^ "China's 'Super Vulgar Butcher' activist Wu Gan gets eight years". BBC News. 26 December 2017. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  4. ^ "China human rights lawyer Li Heping given suspended jail term". BBC News. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  5. ^ "Chinese lawyer 'wore torture device for a month'". BBC News. 13 May 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  6. ^ Chin, Josh (28 January 2019). "China Civil-Rights Lawyer Sentenced to 4½ Years in Prison for Subversion". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 28 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Wang Quanzhang: China releases jailed human rights lawyer". BBC News. 5 April 2020. Archived from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  8. ^ Yang, William (17 June 2020). "Yu Wensheng was sentenced to four years in prison and his wife Xu Yan criticized the secret sentence". DW (in Simplified Chinese). Retrieved 2 August 2020.