Xi Mingze
Born (1992-06-25) 25 June 1992 (age 31)
Fuzhou, Fujian, China
Other namesXiao Muzi
Alma materHarvard University

Xi Mingze (Chinese: 习明泽; pinyin: Xí Míngzé; [ɕǐ mǐŋ.tsɤ̌]; born 25 June 1992), nicknamed Xiao Muzi (Chinese: 小木子),[1] is the only daughter of Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party,[2] and singer Peng Liyuan.[3]

Early life and education

Xi Mingze was born on 25 June 1992 at Fuzhou Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital in Fuzhou. She is the only child of Xi Jinping and his wife Peng Liyuan.[4] Xi keeps a low profile, and not much of her personal information has been revealed to the public. She studied French at her high school, Hangzhou Foreign Language School, from 2006 to 2008.[5][1] Xi enrolled in Harvard University in the US in 2010, after a year of undergraduate study at Zhejiang University.[6] She enrolled under a pseudonym[7][8] and maintained a low profile.[9] In 2014, she graduated from Harvard with a Bachelor of Arts degree in psychology and was thought to have returned to Beijing.[10]

Public life

Following the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, Xi volunteered as a disaster relief worker for one week in Hanwang, Mianzhu.[1][11][12][5] In 2013, she made her first public appearance with her parents at the Liangjiahe village in Yan'an, Shaanxi, where they offered Chinese New Year greetings to the locals.[13] She has been described as interested in reading and fashion.[1][11]


Information leak

According to Radio Free Asia, in 2019, Niu Tengyu (牛騰宇) was arrested for allegedly leaking pictures of Xi Mingze's ID card on a website called esu.wiki.[14] Human rights group China Change criticized the alleged use of torture and sleep deprivation to extract confessions from the suspects.[15] Radio Free Asia reported that on 30 December 2020, the Maonan District People's Court sentenced Niu to 14 years in prison and a 130,000 RMB fine for "picking quarrels and stirring up trouble", "infringing on citizens' personal information", and "incitement of subversion of state power", while the 23 others were given lesser sentences.[14]


  1. ^ a b c d "Red Nobility: Xi Jinping's Harvard daughter". China Times. 16 February 2012. Archived from the original on 26 August 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  2. ^ Epatko, Larisa (8 November 2012). "China to Choose New Slate of Leaders: How Will It Affect the U.S.?". PBS NewsHour. Archived from the original on 21 January 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  3. ^ Ewing, Kent (17 November 2007). "Beauty and the bores". Asia Times. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 7 November 2012.((cite news)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. ^ 习近平在福州(十三)|"习书记那几年是福州发展最快、积累最多的时期" _ 榕城要闻 _福州市人民政府门户网站 [Xi Jinping in Fuzhou (13) | "Secretary Xi's years were the period of fastest development and accumulation in Fuzhou" _ Rongcheng News _ Fuzhou Municipal People's Government Portal]. Fuzhou. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Who is Xi Jinping's mysterious daughter?". The New Zealand Herald. 13 June 2023. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  6. ^ FlorCruz, Jaime A. (2 February 2012). "Who is Xi: China's next leader". CNN. Archived from the original on 5 August 2019. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  7. ^ Liu, Melinda (18 January 2011). "Can't we just be friends?". Newsweek. Archived from the original on 18 January 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
  8. ^ Jacobs, Andrew; Levin, Dan (17 April 2012). "Son's Parties and Privilege Aggravate Fall of Elite Chinese Family". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 14 May 2023.
  9. ^ Wong, Edward (26 April 2012). "In China, a Fall From Grace May Aid a Rise to Power". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 4 May 2019. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  10. ^ Osnos, Evan (6 April 2015). "What Did China's First Daughter Find in America?". The New Yorker. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  11. ^ a b Chou, Jennifer (14 July 2008). "China's Star Princelings". The Weekly Standard. Archived from the original on 17 September 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  12. ^ Page, Jeremy (13 February 2012). "Meet China's Folk Star First Lady-in-Waiting". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  13. ^ "China: Xi Jinping's Harvard-educated daughter Xi Mingze makes first public appearance". Firstpost. 14 February 2015. Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  14. ^ a b Wu, Yitong; Chingman (27 January 2021). Mudie, Luisetta (ed.). "Court in China's Guangdong Jails 24 Over Posts on Xi Jinping's Family". Radio Free Asia. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  15. ^ "In China, 24 Members of a Subculture Website Sentenced, the Main 'Culprit' Gets 14 Years in Prison". China Change. 4 February 2021. Archived from the original on 21 February 2021. Retrieved 15 February 2021.