The Global Security Initiative (GSI, Chinese: 全球安全倡议) is an initiative proposed by Chinese Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping during the annual Boao Forum on 21 April 2022.[1][2][3][4] Officially, the initiative is meant to "uphold the principle of indivisible security, build a balanced, effective and sustainable security architecture, and oppose the building of national security on the basis of insecurity in other countries."[4]


The GSI identifies six commitments: (1) common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security; (2) respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries; (3) abiding by the purpose and principles of the UN Charter; (4) taking the security concerns of all countries seriously; (5) peacefully resolving disputes between countries through dialogue; and (6) maintaining security in both traditional and non-traditional fields.[5]: 158  The principles outlined by the Global Security Initiative are long-standing elements of China's security policy.[5]: 158 

Articulations of the Global Security Initiative have included little operational detail.[5]: 158  It has been described as a "concrete manifestation" of Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy.[6]

China issued a further statement of the initiative, outlining principles, priorities and platforms, in a concept paper on 21 February 2023.[7][8]


Critics have described the GSI as a way of increasing China's global influence.[2][1]

See also


  1. ^ a b "China using Global Security Initiative to build military standing in Africa". South China Morning Post. 31 July 2022. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Xi Jinping's Quest for Order". Foreign Affairs. 12 October 2022. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  3. ^ "Analysis: Xi floats 'global security initiative' with eye on Pacific". Nikkei Asia. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  4. ^ a b "China's Xi Proposes Global Security Initiative". Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  5. ^ a b c Shinn, David H.; Eisenman, Joshua (2023). China's Relations with Africa: a New Era of Strategic Engagement. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-21001-0.
  6. ^ Curtis, Simon; Klaus, Ian (2024). The Belt and Road City: Geopolitics, Urbanization, and China's Search for a New International Order. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 198. doi:10.2307/jj.11589102. ISBN 9780300266900. JSTOR jj.11589102.
  7. ^ "China releases 'global security initiative' – DW – 02/21/2023". Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  8. ^ "The Global Security Initiative Concept Paper". Retrieved 25 February 2023.