State Council Information Office
国务院新闻办公室
National Emblem of the People
Information office overview
FormedApril 8, 1980 (1980-04-08)
Superseding agency
JurisdictionGovernment of China
HeadquartersDongcheng, Beijing, China
39°55′53″N 116°25′37″E / 39.931293°N 116.426952°E / 39.931293; 116.426952Coordinates: 39°55′53″N 116°25′37″E / 39.931293°N 116.426952°E / 39.931293; 116.426952
Director responsible
Websiteenglish.scio.gov.cn
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese国务院新闻办公室
Traditional Chinese國務院新聞辦公室
Literal meaningState Council News Office

The State Council Information Office (SCIO; Chinese: 国务院新闻办公室; pinyin: Guówùyuàn Xīnwén Bàngōngshì; lit. 'State Council News Office') is the chief information office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China. In 2014, SCIO was absorbed into the Propaganda Department of the Chinese Communist Party.

History

Further information: Propaganda in China, Chinese information operations and information warfare, and Internet censorship in China

The SCIO was formed in 1991 when the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) made the External Propaganda Leading Group of the Propaganda Department of the Chinese Communist Party its own office.[1][2][3] The office was created with the goal of improving the Chinese government's international image following the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre.[2] According to scholar Anne-Marie Brady, the SCIO became a separate unit from the CCP Propaganda Department but still connected to it and was the "public face of this new direction in foreign propaganda work."[2]

The office formerly had responsibility for internet censorship in China. The SCIO's Internet Affairs Bureau dealt with internet censorship and repressed "disruptive" (anti-Chinese government) activity on the web in mainland China.[4][5] However, in May 2011, the SCIO transferred the offices which regulated the internet to a new subordinate agency, the Cyberspace Administration of China.[6] In 2014, the SCIO was absorbed into the CCP's Propaganda Department.[3]

In November 2020, the director of the SCIO, Xu Lin, gave a speech in which he emphasized the need to "resolutely guard against digitalisation diluting the party’s leadership, resolutely prevent the risk of capital manipulating public opinion."[7][8][9]

List of directors

  1. Zhu Muzhi, 1991–1992
  2. Zeng Jianhui (曾建徽), 1992–1998
  3. Zhao Qizheng (趙啟正), 1998–2005
  4. Cai Wu, 2005–2008
  5. Wang Chen, 2008–2013
  6. Cai Mingzhao, March 2013 – December 2014
  7. Jiang Jianguo, January 2015 – August 2018
  8. Xu Lin, August 2018 – incumbent

References

  1. ^ Brady, Anne-Marie (October 26, 2015). "China's Foreign Propaganda Machine". Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Archived from the original on 2020-09-18. Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  2. ^ a b c Brady, Anne-Marie (2008). Marketing Dictatorship: Propaganda and Thought Work in Contemporary China. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 23, 156. ISBN 978-0-7425-4057-6. OCLC 968245349. Archived from the original on 2021-01-09. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  3. ^ a b Lulu, Jichang; Jirouš, Filip; Lee, Rachel (2021-01-25). "Xi's centralisation of external propaganda: SCIO and the Central Propaganda Department" (PDF). Sinopsis. Retrieved 2021-11-20.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "China defends internet regulation". BBC News. 2006-01-15. Archived from the original on 2009-01-03. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  5. ^ Ang, Audra (2009-01-23). "China closes 1,250 sites in online porn crackdown". Associated Press. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  6. ^ Wines, Michael (May 4, 2011). "China Creates New Agency for Patrolling the Internet". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 7, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  7. ^ "Xu Lin, Deputy Minister of the Central Propaganda Department: Resolutely prevent capital from manipulating public opinion". Guancha (in Chinese). November 19, 2020. Archived from the original on November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  8. ^ "Chinese Communist Party tells online media firms to put loyalty first". South China Morning Post. 2020-11-20. Retrieved 2022-06-02.
  9. ^ "China's Big Tech Crackdown is Not a Model for the U.S." Human Rights Watch. 2021-03-16. Retrieved 2022-06-02.