China Zhi Gong Party
中国致公党
Zhōngguó Zhìgōngdǎng
ChairpersonJiang Zuojun
FounderChen Jiongming and Tang Jiyao
Founded10 October 1925; 98 years ago (1925-10-10); in San Francisco, California, U.S.
Preceded byHongmen
HeadquartersBeijing
NewspaperChina Development
China Zhi Gong
Membership (2022)69,000
IdeologySocialism with Chinese characteristics[1][2]
1925–1947:
Federalism
Multi-party democracy
Slogan"Committed to the public"
(致力为公; Zhìlì wèi gōng)
National People's Congress (14th)
38 / 2,980
NPC Standing Committee
3 / 175
Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
30 / 544
(Seats for political parties)
Website
www.zg.org.cn Edit this at Wikidata
China Zhi Gong Party
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese中國致公黨
Simplified Chinese中国致公党
Tibetan name
Tibetanཀྲུང་གོ་ཀྲི་ཀུང་ཏང།
Zhuang name
ZhuangCunghgoz Ceiqgoeng Danj
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicДундад улсын зии хүн даан нам
Mongolian scriptᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ
ᡁᠢ ᠬᠦᠩ ᠳ᠋ᠠᠩ ᠨᠠᠮ
Uyghur name
Uyghurجۇڭگو ئادالەتچىلەر پارتىيىسى
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᡷᡳᡳᡬᠣᠩᡩᠠᠩ
RomanizationZhig'ongdang
Central committee of Zhi Gong Party

The China Zhi Gong Party (Chinese: 中国致公党; pinyin: Zhōngguó Zhìgōngdǎng; lit. 'Public Interest Party of China') is one of the eight minor political parties in the People's Republic of China under the direction of the Chinese Communist Party. It is the sixth-ranking minor party in China.[3]

The party is a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), a principal organization in the CCP's united front strategy.[4][5] Some scholars have described the Zhi Gong Party as "gathering non-party voices to support the party".[6]

History

Founding congress of the China Zhi Gong Party in San Francisco in 1925.
Flag used by the China Zhi Gong Party from 1925 to 1950

The China Zhi Gong Party derives from the overseas Hung Society organization "Hung Society Zhigong Hall" or "Chee Kung Tong", based in San Francisco, United States. This organization was one of the key supporters of Sun Yat-sen in his revolutionary efforts to overthrow the Qing dynasty.

The party was founded in October 1925 in San Francisco, and was led by Chen Jiongming and Tang Jiyao, two ex-Kuomintang warlords that went into opposition. Their first platform was federalism and multi-party democracy. The party moved its headquarters to the then-British colony of Hong Kong in 1926. After the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 it began engaging in anti-Japanese propaganda and boycotts. The party was nearly wiped out during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. The party turned to the left during its third party congress in 1947.[7][non-primary source needed]

On 21 September 1949, just before the proclamation of the People's Republic of China, representatives of the CZGP attended the First Plenary Session of the CPPCC at the invitation of the CCP. They participated in drawing up the Common Program and electing the Central People's Government. As part of the CCP's reorganization of the minor aligned parties, the CZGP was designated as the party of returned overseas Chinese, their relatives, and noted figures and scholars who have overseas ties.[4]

The Zhi Gong Party is sometimes used as an intermediary for contacts with certain foreign interests. For example, when a delegation of Paraguayan politicians visited Beijing in 2001 and met Li Peng (despite Paraguay having diplomatic relations not with PRC but with ROC in Taiwan), it was invited not by the PRC government or the CCP, but by the Zhi Gong Party.[8]

In April 2007, Wan Gang, Deputy Chair of the Zhi Gong Party Central Committee, was appointed Ministry of Science and Technology. This was the first non-CCP ministerial appointment in China in 35 years.[9]

Organization

As of November 2022, the party has around 69 thousand members. It also has organizations in 21 province-level administrative divisions throughout China.[10]

The party publishes the newspapers China Development[11] and China Zhi Gong.[12]

Chairpersons

  1. Chen Jiongming (1925–1933)
  2. Chen Yansheng [zh] (1933–1947)
  3. Li Jishen (1947–1950)
  4. Chen Qiyou [zh] (1950–1970, died in office)
  5. Huang Dingchen [zh] (1979–1984)
  6. Dong Yinchu (1984–1997)
  7. Luo Haocai (1997–2007)
  8. Wan Gang (2007–2022)[13]
  9. Jiang Zuojun (2022–)

See also

References

  1. ^ "::中国致公党::". Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  2. ^ "中国致公党章程 - 中国致公党广西壮族自治区委员会". Archived from the original on 27 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  3. ^ "我国八个民主党派排序考". Lishui Municipal Committee of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang. 9 December 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2022.
  4. ^ a b To, James Jiann Hua (15 May 2014). Qiaowu: Extra-Territorial Policies for the Overseas Chinese. Brill. p. 80. ISBN 978-90-04-27228-6.
  5. ^ Tatlow, Didi Kirsten (12 July 2019). "The Chinese Influence Effort Hiding in Plain Sight". The Atlantic. ISSN 1072-7825. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  6. ^ Tatlow, Didi Kirsten; Feldwisch-Drentrup, Hinnerk; Fedasiuk, Ryan (3 August 2020), Hannas, William C.; Tatlow, Didi Kirsten (eds.), "Europe: A technology transfer mosaic", China’s Quest for Foreign Technology (1 ed.), Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 113–129, doi:10.4324/9781003035084-10, ISBN 978-1-003-03508-4, S2CID 243421133
  7. ^ "纪念中国致公党"三大"召开七十周年". China Zhi Gong Party. Archived from the original on 23 November 2021. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  8. ^ "Chinese Top Legislator Meets Paraguayan Delegation". People's Daily. 5 June 2011. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2022.
  9. ^ "新中国首任部长中的党外人士" [Outsiders of the Party among the first ministers of the new China]. People's Daily. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  10. ^ "新闻背景:中国致公党" [News background: China Zhi Gong Party]. Xinhua News Agency. 13 December 2022. Retrieved 5 December 2023.
  11. ^ "中国发展". Archived from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  12. ^ "::中国致公党::". Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  13. ^ "::中国致公党::". Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.