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China Zhi Gong Party
中国致公党
Zhōngguó Zhìgōngdǎng
ChairpersonWan Gang
FounderChen Jiongming and Tang Jiyao
Founded10 October 1925; 96 years ago (1925-10-10); in San Francisco, California, U.S.
Preceded byHongmen
HeadquartersBeijing
NewspaperChina Development[1]
China Zhi Gong[2]
Membership (2016)48,000[3][4]
IdeologySocialism with Chinese characteristics[5][6]
1925–1947:
Federalism
Multi-party democracy
Slogan"Committed to the public"
(致力为公; Zhìlì wèi gōng)
National People's Congress
38 / 2,980
Standing Committee of NPC
3 / 175
Website
www.zg.org.cn
China Zhi Gong Party
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese中國致公黨
Simplified Chinese中国致公党
Tibetan name
Tibetanཀྲུང་གོ་ཀྲི་ཀུང་ཏང།
Zhuang name
ZhuangCunghgoz Ceiqgoeng Danj
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicДундад улсын зии хүн даан нам
Mongolian scriptᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ
ᡁᠢ ᠬᠦᠩ ᠳ᠋ᠠᠩ ᠨᠠᠮ
Uyghur name
Uyghurجۇڭگو ئادالەتچىلەر پارتىيىسى
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᡷᡳᡳᡬᠣᠩᡩᠠᠩ
RomanizationZhig'ongdang

The China Zhi Gong Party (Chinese: 中国致公党; pinyin: Zhōngguó Zhìgōngdǎng; lit. 'Public Interest Party of China') is one of the eight legally recognised minor political parties in the People's Republic of China that are subservient to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and represented in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), a principal organisation in the United Front strategy.[7][8] Some scholars have described the Zhi Gong Party as "gathering non-party voices to support the party".[9]

History

Founding congress of the China Zhi Gong Party in San Francisco in 1925.
Founding congress of the China Zhi Gong Party in San Francisco in 1925.
Flag used by the China Zhi Gong Party from 1925 to 1950
Flag used by the China Zhi Gong Party from 1925 to 1950

The China Zhi Gong Party derives from the overseas Hung Society organisation "Hung Society Zhigong Hall" or "Chee Kung Tong", based in San Francisco, United States. This organisation was one of the key supporters of Sun Yat-sen in his revolutionary efforts to overthrow the Qing dynasty.

The party was founded in October 1925 in San Francisco, and was led by Chen Jiongming and Tang Jiyao, two ex-Kuomintang warlords that went into opposition. Their first platform was federalism and multi-party democracy. The party moved its headquarters to Hong Kong in 1926. After the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 it began engaging in anti-Japanese propaganda and boycotts. The party was nearly wiped out during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. The party turned to the left during its third party congress in 1947.[10]

After the People's Republic of China was founded, at the invitation of the CCP, representatives of the CZGP attended the First Plenary Session of the CPPCC in 1949. They participated in drawing up the CPPCC Common Program and electing the Central People's Government. As part of the CCP's reorganisation of the minor aligned parties, the CZGP was designated as the party of returned overseas Chinese, their relatives, and noted figures and scholars who have overseas ties.[citation needed]

On occasions, the Zhi Gong Party appears to be used as an intermediary for contacts with certain foreign interests. For example, when a delegation of Paraguayan politicians visited Beijing in 2001 and met Li Peng (despite Paraguay having diplomatic relations not with PRC but with ROC in Taiwan), it was invited not by the PRC government or the CCP, but by the Zhi Gong Party.[11]

In April 2007, Wan Gang, Deputy Chair of the Zhi Gong Party Central Committee, was appointed Technology Minister of China. This was the first non-CCP ministerial appointment in China in 35 years.[12]

Leaders

  1. Chen Jiongming (1925–1933)
  2. Chen Yansheng [zh] (1933–1947)
  3. Li Jishen (1947–1950)
  4. Chen Qiyou [zh] (1950–1970, died in office)
  5. Huang Dingchen [zh] (1979–1984)
  6. Dong Yinchu (1984–1997)
  7. Luo Haocai (1997–2007)
  8. Wan Gang (2007–present)[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ "中国发展". Archived from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  2. ^ "::中国致公党::". Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  3. ^ "【掌中宝】卧虎藏龙90载,致公党究竟有多传奇?_团结网". Archived from the original on 1 January 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  4. ^ "中国致公党成立90周年". Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  5. ^ "::中国致公党::". Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  6. ^ "中国致公党章程 - 中国致公党广西壮族自治区委员会". Archived from the original on 27 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  7. ^ To, James Jiann Hua (15 May 2014). Qiaowu: Extra-Territorial Policies for the Overseas Chinese. BRILL. p. 80. ISBN 978-90-04-27228-6.
  8. ^ Tatlow, Didi Kirsten (12 July 2019). "The Chinese Influence Effort Hiding in Plain Sight". The Atlantic. ISSN 1072-7825. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  9. ^ Tatlow, Didi Kirsten; Feldwisch-Drentrup, Hinnerk; Fedasiuk, Ryan (3 August 2020), Hannas, William C.; Tatlow, Didi Kirsten (eds.), "Europe: A technology transfer mosaic", China’s Quest for Foreign Technology (1 ed.), Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 113–129, doi:10.4324/9781003035084-10, ISBN 978-1-003-03508-4, S2CID 243421133
  10. ^ "纪念中国致公党"三大"召开七十周年". Archived from the original on 5 February 2022. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  11. ^ Chinese Top Legislator Meets Paraguayan Delegation Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine (31 July 2001)
  12. ^ "新中国首任部长中的党外人士" [Outsiders of the Party among the first ministers of the new China]. cpc.people.com.cn. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  13. ^ "::中国致公党::". Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.