Ministry of Justice of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Sīfǎbù
Logo of the Justice Administrative Organs of the PRC
Agency overview
FormedSeptember 1954; 69 years ago (1954-09)
TypeConstituent Department of the State Council (cabinet-level)
JurisdictionGovernment of China
Headquarters6 Chaoyangmen S Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing
Minister responsible
Parent agencyState Council

The Ministry of Justice of the People's Republic of China is a government ministry under the State Council of China which is responsible for legal affairs. The range of responsibilities include judicial process, drafting legislation, developing legal framework, participating in national and international treaties, prosecution and sentencing.[1] The ministry also ensures the maintenance and improvement of China's system of law and justice and its national security.[1]


In March 2018, the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council was absorbed into the MOJ.[2]


The executive head of the ministry is the Minister of Justice. This position is equivalent to Attorney General in other countries.[2]

The MOJ houses the Office of the Central Comprehensive Law-Based Governance Commission.[2]

The MOJ Bureau of Prison Administration [zh] (司法部监狱管理局) operates national prisons in China, except the Qincheng Prison, which is administered by the Ministry of Public Security.[2] As of 2015, Liu Zhenyu (刘振宇) is the head of the department.[3]

Organizational structure

Legal Aid Center of the Ministry of Justice
Crime Prevention Institute of the Ministry of Justice
Judicial Research Institute of the Ministry of Justice
Institute of Forensic Science of the Ministry of Justice
Central College for Judicial Officers
Institute of Judicial Administration
Publishing House of Legal Daily
Publishing House of Law
All China Lawyers' Association
China Public Notary Association
MOJ Bureau of Prison Administration [zh]
All China People's Mediators' Association
China Legal Aid Foundation
International Legal Cooperation Center

List of Justice Ministers

No. Name Took office Left office
1 Shi Liang October 1949 April 1959
post abolished
2 Wei Wenbo September 1979 May 1982
3 Liu Fuzhi May 1982 March 1983
4 Zou Yu March 1983 March 1988
5 Cai Cheng March 1988 March 1993
6 Xiao Yang March 1993 March 1998
7 Gao Changli March 1998 November 2000
8 Zhang Fusen December 2000 July 2005
9 Wu Aiying July 2005 February 2017
10 Zhang Jun February 2017 March 2018
11 Fu Zhenghua March 2018 April 2020
12 Tang Yijun April 2020 February 2023
13 He Rong February 2023 Incumbent

See also


  1. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 16, 2007. Retrieved August 22, 2007.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b c d "Decoding Chinese Politics". Asia Society. Retrieved October 2, 2023.
  3. ^ Home page. Bureau of Prison Administration. Retrieved on May 17, 2015. "局 长:刘振宇"