Shi Liang
Shi in 1949
1st Minister of Justice
In office
1 October 1949 – April 1959
PremierZhou Enlai
Succeeded byWei Wenbo
Vice Chairwoman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
In office
1 July 1979 – 6 September 1985
ChairmanYe Jianying
Peng Zhen
Vice Chairwoman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
In office
26 February 1978 – 6 June 1983
ChairmanDeng Xiaoping
Chairwoman of the China Democratic League
In office
23 October 1979 – 6 September 1985
Preceded byYang Mingxuan
Succeeded byHu Yuzhi
Personal details
Born(1900-03-27)March 27, 1900
Changzhou, Jiangsu
DiedSeptember 6, 1985(1985-09-06) (aged 85)
CitizenshipQing Empire

Republic of China

People's Republic of China
Political partyChina Democratic League

Shi Liang (Chinese: 史良; pinyin: Shǐ Liáng; Wade–Giles: Shih Liang; March 27, 1900 – September 6, 1985) was a prominent lawyer and activist of the Republic of China. She was the only woman arrested in what was known as the Seven Gentlemen Incident on the eve of war with Japan in 1936. In 1949, she became the first Minister of Justice of the People's Republic of China.


Shi Liang was born in Changzhou, Jiangsu in 1900. She was educated in Shanghai and became a lawyer there. She and another six intellectuals were arrested by Chiang Kai-shek’s government in 1936, in what is known as the Seven Gentlemen Incident.[1]

Shi was the first Minister of Justice of the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 1959.[2]

Cai Chang and Shi Liang on Tian'anmen, 1950


  1. ^ Shan (2013), pp. 51–77.
  2. ^ Lee (2016), pp. 454–455.

General references

Legal offices Preceded byNew office Minister of Justice 1949–1959 Succeeded byWei Wenbo Party political offices Preceded byYang Mingxuan Chairperson of China Democratic League 1979–1985 Succeeded byHu Yuzhi