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Mao Yisheng
茅以升
Mao Yisheng.jpg
Mao Yisheng.
Vice Chairperson of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
In office
26 May 1984 – 6 April 1988
ChairwomanDeng Yingchao
President of Northern Jiaotong University
In office
July 1949 – August 1951
Preceded byXu Peikun [zh]
Succeeded byWang Xiaoci [zh]
President of Peiyang University
In office
May 1946 – August 1948
Preceded byShu-tien Li
Succeeded byZhang Hanying [zh]
President of National Peiyang Technical Institute
In office
July 1928 – June 1930
Preceded byLiu Xianzhou [zh]
Succeeded byCai Yuanze (蔡远泽)
President of Hehai Institute of Engineering
In office
July 1924 – August 1925
Preceded byShen Zuwei (沈祖伟)
Succeeded byYang Xiaoshu (杨孝述)
Personal details
Born
Mao Yisheng (茅以昇)

(1896-01-09)January 9, 1896
Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, Qing Empire
DiedNovember 12, 1989(1989-11-12) (aged 93)
Beijing, China
Spouse(s)Dai Chuanhui
RelationsMao Yushi (nephew)
Children4
Parent(s)Mao Qian
Alma materSouthwest Jiaotong University
Cornell University
Carnegie Mellon University
Scientific career
FieldsBridge

Dr. Mao Yisheng aka. Thomson Eason Mao (Chinese: 茅以升; pinyin: Máo Yǐshēng; Wade–Giles: Mao2 I3-sheng1; January 9, 1896 – November 12, 1989) was a Chinese structural engineer and social activist. He was one of the most famous Chinese structural engineers, a pioneer in bridge construction, and a social activist.

Biography

Mao was born in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu province. He entered Jiaotong University's Tangshan Engineering College (now Southwest Jiaotong University) and earned his bachelor's degree in civil engineering in 1916. He earned his master's degree from Cornell University and earned the first Ph.D. ever granted by the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) in 1919. His doctoral treatise entitled Secondary Stress on Frame Construction is treasured at the Hunt Library of Carnegie Mellon University and the university constructed a statue of him on campus in his honor.

Engineer

Mao was regarded as the founder of modern bridge engineering in China. Mao's long and productive career included designing two of the most famous modern bridges in China, the Qiantang River Bridge near Hangzhou, and the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge in Wuhan.

The Qiantang River Bridge is the first dual-purpose road-and-railway bridge designed and built by a Chinese.[1] He also participated in the construction of China's first modern bridge – Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge. During the construction of Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, Mao Yisheng served as chairman of the Technical Advisory Committee composed of more than 20 foreign and Chinese bridge experts, and solved 14 difficult problems relating to bridge construction.

He also led the structural design of the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

Educator

Returning to China, Mao was on the faculty of five major universities and served as president of four, such as the professor and President of Tangshan Engineering College of the National Chiao Tung University (now Southwest Jiaotong University), Dean of Engineering College of National Southeastern University (later renamed National Central University and then Nanjing University, the engineering school of which later became Nanjing Institute of Technology and then Southeast University), President of Hohai Technology University (now Southeast University and Hohai University), President of Peiyang University (now Tianjin University), President of China Chiao Tung University (later renamed Northern Chiao Tung University, with campus in Tangshan and Beijing, later Southwest Jiaotong University and Beijing Jiaotong University), President of Director of Project Office of Hangzhou Qiantang River Bridge, and Director of Bridge Planning Project Office of Transportation Ministry of Kuomintang Administration.

He significantly influenced Chinese engineering education by introducing new subject matter and innovative pedagogical approaches. In addition to his engineering expertise, he was a distinguished scholar of the History of science in China.

He advocated popular science education, and wrote "On Bridge", "China's Arch Bridges" and many other popular science articles.

The former Residence of Mao Yisheng, a historic house in Hangzhou
The former Residence of Mao Yisheng, a historic house in Hangzhou

Leadership

Mao served as a leader of the China Engineers Association, the Chinese Civil Engineering Society and the China Association of Science and Technology. He has also served as president of Southwest Jiaotong University (from Tangshan Engineering College to Northern Jiaotong University to Southwest Jiaotong University), director of Railway Institute under the Ministry of Railway, president of Railway Scientific Research Center, chairman of Beijing Science Association, honorary president and vice-president of the China Association for Science and Technology, vice-chairman of Jiu San Society, vice-chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), member of CPPCC, and the standing committee member of National People's Congress.

Mao was elected as a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1955, foreign associate of the United States National Academy of Engineering in 1982.[2] He was a senior member of International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, honorary member of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers, and outstanding alumnus from Cornell University and Carnegie Mellon University.

On April 18, 2006, Carnegie Mellon University set up a statue honoring its first doctoral graduate. The sculpture includes an inscription from China's Premier Wen Jiabao.

On March 27, 2014, an eponymous play debuted at Beijing Jiaotong. Deans from the sister Jisotong universities attended the premier.

Family

Mao Yisheng's nephew Mao Yushi is an economist.

References

Educational offices Previous:Shen Zuwei (沈祖伟) President of Hehai Institute of Engineering 1924-1925 Next:Yang Xiaoshu (杨孝述) Previous:Liu Xianzhou [zh] President of National Peiyang Technical Institute 1928-1930 Next:Cai Yuanze (蔡远泽) Previous:Shu-tien Li President of Peiyang University 1946-1948 Next:Zhang Hanying [zh] Previous:Xu Peikun [zh] President of Northern Jiaotong University 1949-1951 Next:Wang Xiaoci [zh]