Qian Zhengying
President of the Red Cross Society of China
In office
April 1994 – October 1999
Preceded byChen Minzhang
Succeeded byPeng Peiyun
Vice Chairperson of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
In office
11 April 1988 – 4 March 2003
ChairpersonLi Xiannian
Li Ruihuan
Minister of Water Resources
In office
April 1974 – March 1988
PremierZhou Enlai
Hua Guofeng
Zhao Ziyang
Li Peng
Preceded byZhang Wenbi [zh]
Succeeded byYang Zhenhuai [zh]
Personal details
Born(1923-07-04)4 July 1923
Shanghai, China
Died22 October 2022(2022-10-22) (aged 99)
Beijing, China
Political partyChinese Communist Party
SpouseHuang Xinbai [zh]
Alma materUtopia University
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese

Qian Zhengying (Chinese: 钱正英; 4 July 1923 – 22 October 2022)[1] was a Chinese hydrologist and politician.[2]


She was born in Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province.[3] Her father trained as an engineer in the United States before returning to China;[4] some sources report that Qian was born in the United States.[5] She trained as a civil engineer at Utopia University. Qian joined the Communist Party of China in 1941.[3] She worked with the Red Army in northern China and was involved in projects on the Huai and Yellow Rivers.[4] In 1949, she was vice-director of the Water Conservancy Department of the East China Political and Military Commission and Vice-Director of the Project Department for the Huaihe River Commission. From 1950 to 1952, she was president of East China Technical University of Water Resources (now Hohai University).[6]

She was a member of the 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th Central Committees of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Qian was also vice-minister and then Minister of Water Resources. She served as Vice Chairperson of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference for the 7th, 8th and 9th national committees. In 1994, she was elected the sixth president of the Red Cross Society of China. In 1997, she was elected academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and, in 1998, received the Technology Engineering of China prize.[2]


  1. ^ 全国政协原副主席、原水电部部长钱正英逝世 享年99岁 (in Chinese)
  2. ^ a b "Officials from mainland China and Hong Kong SAR to deliver Faculty of Engineering Distinguished Lecture at HKU". University of Hong Kong. March 10, 2004.
  3. ^ a b "Qian Zhengying, Vice-Chairman of Ninth CPPCC National Committee". People's Daily.
  4. ^ a b Pietz, David A (2014). The Yellow River: The Problem of Water in Modern China. p. 140. ISBN 978-0674058248.
  5. ^ Sullivan, Lawrence R (2007). Historical Dictionary of the People's Republic of China. p. 414. ISBN 978-0810864436.
  6. ^ "Qian Zhengying". Honorary Graduates. University of Hong Kong.
Government offices Preceded byZhang Wenbi [zh] Minister of Water Resources 1974–1988 Succeeded byYang Zhenhuai [zh] Civic offices Preceded byChen Minzhang President of the Red Cross Society of China 1994–1999 Succeeded byPeng Peiyun Assembly seats New title Chairperson of the Medical, Health and Sports Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference 1988–1995 Succeeded byQian Weichang