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Zhou Peiyuan
周培源
Zhou Peiyuan wedding picture.jpg
Zhou with his wife in 1932
Chairman of Jiusan Society
In office
1987–1992
Preceded byXu Deheng
Succeeded byWu Jieping
President of Peking University
In office
July 1978 – March 1981
Preceded byLu Ping
Succeeded byZhang Longxiang
Personal details
Born(1902-08-28)August 28, 1902
Yixing, Jiangsu, Qing China
DiedNovember 24, 1993(1993-11-24) (aged 91)
Beijing Hospital, Beijing, China
Political partyJiusan Society
SpouseWang Dicheng
Alma materCalifornia Institute of Technology(Ph.D.)
University of Chicago
Tsinghua University
Known forReynolds-averaged Navier Stokes equations
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsPeking University
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
University of Leipzig
Institute for Advanced Study
Bronze bust of Zhou Peiyuan at Department of Physics, Peking University
Bronze bust of Zhou Peiyuan at Department of Physics, Peking University

Zhou Peiyuan (Chinese: 周培源; Wade–Giles: Chou P'ei-yüan; August 28, 1902 – November 24, 1993) was a Chinese theoretical physicist and politician. He served as president of Peking University, and was an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).[1]

Born in Yixing, Jiangsu, China, Zhou graduated from Tsinghua University in 1924. Then he went to the United States and obtained a bachelor's degree from University of Chicago in Spring of 1926, and a master's degree at the end of the same year. In 1928, he obtained his doctorate degree from California Institute of Technology under Eric Temple Bell with thesis The Gravitational Field of a Body with Rotational Symmetry in Einstein's Theory of Gravitation.[2] In 1936, he studied general relativity under Albert Einstein in the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.[1] He did his post-doc researches in quantum mechanics at University of Leipzig in Germany and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich. He was a professor of physics at Peking University, and later served as the president of the University. He was elected as a founding member of CAS in 1955.

Tsinghua University's Zhou Pei-Yuan Center for Applied Mathematics is named in his honor.[3] In 2003, a bronze statue of Zhou was unveiled on the campus of Peking University.

Zhou's most famous work is the transport equation of Reynolds stress.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b "Zhou Peiyuan Is Dead – Educator-Scientist, 91". NY Times. 25 November 1993.
  2. ^ P'ei Yuan Chou at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  3. ^ Pei-Yuan Center for Applied Mathematics, Tsinghua University Archived September 25, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ P. Y. Chou (1945). "On velocity correlations and the solutions of the equations of turbulent fluctuation". Quart. Appl. Math. 3: 38–54. doi:10.1090/qam/11999.
Educational offices Preceded byLu Ping President of Peking University 1978–1981 Succeeded byZhang Longxiang Party political offices Preceded byXu Deheng Chairman of Jiusan Society 1987–1992 Succeeded byWu Jieping