Zhou Jianren

Zhou Jianren (Chinese: 周建人; 1888–1984) was a politician and biologist of the People's Republic of China. He was the younger brother of Lu Xun and Zhou Zuoren.


Zhou advocated the use of birth control as a way to alleviate overpopulation.[1]

In 1947, Zhou translated Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species into Chinese.[2]

Zhou represented Zhejiang in the first Chinese National Peoples Congress in 1954, serving as a member of the body's standing committee.[2] He became governor of Zhejiang in 1958 and held the position until the beginning of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in 1966.[2]

When the office of the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress was vacant in 1976, Zhou was one of the 20 vice chairmen who administered the position. He also served as the chairman of China Association for Promoting Democracy. He was a member of the 10th and 11th Central Committees of the Chinese Communist Party.[3]


  1. ^ Rodriguez, Sarah Mellors (2023). Reproductive realities in modern China : birth control and abortion, 1911-2021. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-009-02733-5. OCLC 1366057905.
  2. ^ a b c "Former Chinese party official dies - UPI Archives". UPI. Retrieved 2023-03-22.
  3. ^ Biography of Zhou Jianren. China Vitae. Accessed March 23, 2012.
Political offices Preceded byHuo Shilian Governor of Zhejiang 1958–1966 Succeeded byLong Qian