Zhang Chunxian
Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
In office
17 March 2018 – 10 March 2023
ChairmanLi Zhanshu
Communist Party Secretary of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
In office
24 April 2010 – 29 August 2016
DeputyNur Bekri (2010–14)
Shohrat Zakir (2014–16)
General SecretaryHu Jintao
Xi Jinping
Preceded byWang Lequan
Succeeded byChen Quanguo
Personal details
BornMay 1953 (age 70)
Yuzhou, Henan, China
Political partyChinese Communist Party (since 1973)
EducationNortheast Heavy Machinery College
Harbin Institute of Technology
Zhang Chunxian
Simplified Chinese张春贤
Traditional Chinese張春賢

Zhang Chunxian (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhāng Chūnxián; born 12 May 1953) is a Chinese politician best known for his term as the Communist Party Secretary of Xinjiang from 2010 to 2016. From 2005 to 2010 he was the Party Secretary of Hunan Province.

Early life

Born into an ordinary family in Yuzhou, Henan province, Zhang joined the military at the age of 17. After four years in the army, he went back to his hometown to work on a farm. He then went to school at the Northeastern Heavy Machinery Institute (now Yanshan University).


After graduating, he obtained a state-assigned job at the No. 3 Machinery Ministry, working as an aerospace engineering technician. At a research institute under the ministry, Zhang quickly made a name for himself and rose through the ranks, eventually becoming leader of the institute. In 1991, he was identified as a young talent by the party organization. He was transferred to Beijing to work for the Ministry of Supervision, then was transferred to the China National Food and Packaging Machinery Corporation to serve as chief executive.

In August 1995, Zhang was sent to Yunnan province to become assistant to the governor, then vice-governor, overseeing science and technology. Two years later, Zhang headed back to Beijing to serve as deputy minister, and later minister, of transport from 1998 to 2005.

In 2005, Zhang became the Chinese Communist Party Committee Secretary of Hunan province. In 2006, Zhang simultaneously took on the role of chairman of the Hunan Provincial People's Congress.

He has been a member of the 16th, 17th and 18th Central Committees. He was elected to the 18th Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party in 2012.


Zhang replaced Wang Lequan as secretary of the Communist Party of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in April 2010[1] and was replaced by Zhou Qiang in his role as secretary of the Communist Party and chairman of the provincial People's Congress.[2] Zhang was credited with bringing bus rapid transit (BRT) to Urumqi's major thoroughfares, the construction of the Xinjiang International Convention Centre, and the resumption of internet connections in the region following a one-year long ban in the aftermath of the July 2009 Ürümqi riots.[3]

After Zhang departed Xinjiang, he was named the deputy leader of the Leading Group for Party Building, a group headed by Liu Yunshan. Political analysts noted that his involvement in party cohesion and organization was a promotion, possibly even an indication that he would be groomed to take on a more substantial party affairs role following the 19th Party Congress. His first public appearance as part of the Party Building group was a visit to the Communist revolutionary heartland of Yan'an. However, other observers have interpreted the move more pessimistically, noting that it in fact mirrors Wang Lequan's own departure from Xinjiang six years earlier when he was given a seemingly token role as a deputy to then security-tsar Zhou Yongkang.[4] Zhang was considered a candidate for ascension to the Politburo Standing Committee at the Congress in 2017, but ultimately did not make the cut. He relinquished his Politburo membership in 2017 but maintained his Central Committee membership.[5]

Post-Xinjiang career

On March 17, 2018, Zhang was elected as a vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.[6]

On 7 December 2020, pursuant to Executive Order 13936, the US Department of the Treasury imposed sanctions on all 14 Vice Chairpersons of the NPC, including Zhang, for "undermining Hong Kong's autonomy and restricting the freedom of expression or assembly."[7]

Personal life

Zhang is known for his use of a popular microblog service supported by Tencent, which spiked in usage during the 2011 National People's Congress. He was the highest-ranking Chinese official of his generation to maintain a microblog.[8]


  1. ^ "China changes Xinjiang party boss". BBC News. 2010-04-24.
  2. ^ "Zhou Qiang Appointed Party Chief of Hunan -- Hunan Government". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
  3. ^ "乌鲁木齐蓝天何来:半年做了15年没完成的事情". Xinhua. June 22, 2015. Archived from the original on August 22, 2016.
  4. ^ "Destined for top or on his way out? Opinion split on fate of Chinese government official Zhang Chunxian". South China Morning Post. 17 October 2016.
  5. ^ "十九大常委人事大推测,天王卡位战激烈预热(图)". Sina. July 15, 2013.
  6. ^ "十三届全国人大一次会议选举产生全国人大常委会副委员长、秘书长". Xinhua. Archived from the original on March 17, 2018. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
  7. ^ "Hong Kong-related Designations | U.S. Department of the Treasury". home.treasury.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
  8. ^ "张春贤开微博 被称为微博史上最高级别官员". 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
Government offices Preceded byHuang Zhendong Minister of Transport 2002–2005 Succeeded byLi Shenglin Political offices Preceded byYang Zhengwu Secretary of the Hunan CPC Committee 2005–2010 Succeeded byZhou Qiang Chairman of Hunan People's Congress Standing Committee 2006–2010 Preceded byWang Lequan Communist Party Secretary of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 2010–2016 Succeeded byChen Quanguo