.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Chinese. (March 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Chinese Wikipedia article at [[:zh:谭震林]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|zh|谭震林)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Tan Zhenlin

Tan Zhenlin (simplified Chinese: 谭震林; traditional Chinese: 譚震林; pinyin: Tán Zhènlín; 24 April 1902 – 30 September 1983) was a political commissar in the People's Liberation Army during the Chinese Civil War, and a politician after the establishment of the People's Republic of China.

Tan Zhenlin was born in You County, Hunan.[1] He joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1926, and participated in the Chinese Civil War since the Jinggang Mountains rebellion in the early days of the war. By 1949 he rose to the first deputy political commissar of the Third Field Army of the PLA.

After the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, Tan became the Party Secretary and Governor of Zhejiang. He served as the Third Secretary of the Communist Party's East China Bureau, then Governor of Jiangsu. In December 1954 Tan became the party's deputy Secretary-General (not to be confused with General Secretary), and later Vice-Premier. During the Great Leap Forward, Tan became a Secretary of the Secretariat, in charge of agriculture. He supported Mao's policies during the Great Leap, which he regretted later in life. In 1967 he was quoted in Chinese press disputing to the concept of a unified Chinese cuisine: "In fact, in relation to some dishes regarded as delicacies in the South, many people in other parts of China share the disgust felt by Europeans" (referring to monkey brains).[2]

Tan became a central figure opposed to the Central Cultural Revolution Group (CCRG) in the early stages of the Cultural Revolution. Tan, along with other Communist revolutionaries such as Chen Yi and Nie Rongzhen, openly attacked the CCRG and their insistence on expanding the Cultural Revolution. Tan bluntly told the assembled leaders that the Cultural Revolution was an attempt to purge the Communist old guard. Tan also reputedly said, "I made three mistakes in my life. I should not have lived to this day. I should have never joined the revolution with Mao. I should have never joined the Communist Party."[3] He was denounced as part of the February Countercurrent and required to take a leave of absence to conduct self-criticism.[4]: 154  However, after Lin Biao's own demise in 1971, Mao attempted to reach out to his old revolutionary colleagues, and restored Tan's political standing. In 1975 Tan was named a vice-chairman of the National People's Congress.

Tan Zhenlin was a member of the 8th Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party. He was a member of the 8th (1956–1969), 10th (1973–1977), and 11th (1977–1982) Central Committees of the Communist Party. He served as the vice-chairman of the 4th and 5th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (1975–1978, 1978–1983).[5]

References

  1. ^ Tan Zhenlin
  2. ^ Hillman, T. The Land of Five Flavors
  3. ^ "1967年谭震林当面反驳毛泽东:不该跟你干革命". Ifeng.
  4. ^ Hou, Li (2021). Building for Oil: Daqing and the Formation of the Chinese Socialist State. Harvard-Yenching Institute monograph series. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Asia Center. ISBN 978-0-674-26022-1.
  5. ^ Tan Zhenlin