|Born||Li Yaotang / Li Feigan|
25 November 1904
Chengdu, Sichuan, Qing dynasty, China
|Died||17 October 2005 (aged 100)|
Shanghai, People's Republic of China
|Pen name||Ba Jin|
|Notable works||Turbulent Stream: The Family, Spring, and Autumn|
Love Trilogy: Fog, Rain, and Lightning
|Notable awards||1983: Legion of Honour|
1990: Fukuoka Prize (special prize)
(m. 1936; died 1972)
|Alternative Chinese name|
Ba Jin (Chinese: 巴金; pinyin: Bā Jīn; 1904–2005) was a Chinese anarchist, translator, and writer. In addition to his impact on Chinese literature, he also wrote three original works in Esperanto, and as a political activist he wrote The Family.
He was born as Li Yaotang, with alternate name Li Feigan. He used the pen name Ba Jin, for which he is most known. The first character of his pen name may have been taken from Ba Enbo, a classmate of his who committed suicide in Paris, or from the first syllable of the surname of Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin, and the last character of which is the Chinese equivalent of the last syllable of Russian anarchist Peter Kropotkin (克鲁泡特金, Ke-lu-pao-te-jin). He was also sometimes known as Li Pei Kan.
Ba Jin was born in Chengdu, Sichuan. In 1919, Ba read Kropotkin's An Appeal to the Young and converted to anarchism.
It was partly owing to boredom that Ba Jin began to write his first novel, Miewang 灭亡 (“Destruction”). In France, Ba Jin continued his anarchist activism, translating many anarchist works, including Kropotkin's Ethics, into Chinese, which was mailed back to Shanghai's anarchist magazines for publication.
During the Cultural Revolution, Ba Jin was heavily persecuted as a counter-revolutionary. His wife since 1944, Xiao Shan, died of cancer in 1972. He asked that a Cultural Revolution Museum be set up in 1981. The Shantou Cultural Revolution Museum referenced the influence of Ba Jin on its establishment through displaying a depiction of his at the entrance as well as a quote of his, "Every town in China should establish a museum about the Cultural Revolution."
Ba Jin's works were heavily influenced by foreign writers, including Émile Zola, Ivan Turgenev, Alexander Herzen, Anton Chekhov, and Emma Goldman.
Ba Jin suffered from Parkinson's disease beginning in 1983. The illness confined him to Huadong Hospital in Shanghai from 1998.
que Ba était un hommage à un camarade de classe, Ba Enbo, rencontré lors de son séjour en France en 1927 et dont il apprit......
le "Pa" n'a rien à voir avec Bakounine (prononcé en chinois Pa-ku-ning), mais s'inspire d'un certain Pa Enbo, un ami chinois de Château-Thierry qui s'était suicidé en se jetant dans une rivière.
......from the name for Peter Kropotkin (Ke-lu-pao-te-jin).