Kunming Changshui International Airport

Façade of the airport terminal
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorYunnan Airport Group
LocationChangshui Village, Guandu District, Kunming, Yunnan
Opened28 June 2012; 11 years ago (2012-06-28)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL2,103 m / 6,900 ft
Coordinates25°06′7″N 102°55′45″E / 25.10194°N 102.92917°E / 25.10194; 102.92917
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
KMG is located in Yunnan
Location in Yunnan
KMG is located in China
KMG (China)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03/21 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
04L/22R 4,500 14,764 Asphalt
04R/22L Under construction
Statistics (2021)
Cargo (tonnes)377,225.4
Aircraft movements279,471
Kunming Changshui International Airport
Simplified Chinese昆明长水国际机场
Traditional Chinese昆明長水國際機場

Kunming Changshui International Airport (IATA: KMG, ICAO: ZPPP) is the primary airport serving Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, China. The airport is located 24.5 km (15.2 mi) northeast of the city center in a graded mountainous area about 2,100 m (6,900 ft) above sea level. The airport opened at 08:00 (UTC+8) on 28 June 2012,[1] replacing the old Kunming Wujiaba International Airport, which was later demolished. As a gateway to Southeast and South Asia,[2] Changshui Airport is a hub for China Eastern Airlines, Kunming Airlines, Lucky Air, Sichuan Airlines and Ruili Airlines.

The new airport has two runways (versus the single runway at Wujiaba), and handled 48,075,978 passengers in 2019, making it one of the 50 busiest airports in the world by passenger traffic, the first time it earned this distinction. In 2020, it is expected to handle 50 million passengers.

The main terminal was designed by architectural firm SOM with engineering firm Arup.


Construction began in 2009. At the time, the facility was reported to be named the Zheng He International Airport, named after Zheng He, a Chinese mariner, explorer, and diplomat. The very short construction time was marred by two separate incidents. The first occurred on January 3, 2010, when seven construction workers died as an incomplete overpass collapsed.[3] On June 28, 2011, 11 workers were injured when a tunnel that was under construction collapsed.[4] Construction of the airport's main terminal was completed by July 2011.[5]



The main 548,300 m2 (5,901,852 sq ft) terminal of Changshui International Airport is the second largest terminal building in China.[6] The terminal has 66 gates with jet bridges. Total number of 88 gates are available.


Kunming Changshui International Airport now has two runways. East runway is 4,500 metres (14,763 ft 9 in) long while west runway is 4,000 metres (13,123 ft 4 in) long.

Waiting area of Kunming Changshui International Airport


In July 2014, Kunming airport signed an agreement with the aviation data service company VariFlight regarding the Airport Collaborative Decision Making system (A-CDM) installation in order to improve the efficiency of its operations, reduce fuel consumption and other expenses. Kunming airport became the first aviation hub in China to implement such an information system. In 2017, the airport's on-time performance reached 85.3%.[7]

Airlines and destinations


AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Chengdu–Tianfu, Dazhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Tianjin, Yangon, Zunyi–Maotai
Air Travel Cangyuan, Changchun, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Hailar, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Qingdao, Shenyang, Wuxi, Yantai, Zhuhai
Beijing Capital Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Hangzhou, Qingdao
Chengdu Airlines Changsha, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Wenzhou, Xishuangbanna
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan, Beijing–Daxing, Cangyuan, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Dali, Dalian, Dhaka, Diqing, Dubai–International, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Handan, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Huai'an, Huangshan, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jining, Lancang, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Lincang, Liuzhou, Luang Prabang, Luoyang, Luzhou, Mandalay, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Ninglang, Ordos, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Pu'er, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Rizhao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shangrao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Siem Reap, Singapore, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Tongren, Ürümqi, Vientiane, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xingyi, Xinyang, Xishuangbanna, Yancheng, Yangon, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yongzhou, Yulin (Shaanxi), Yuncheng, Zhanjiang, Zhaotong, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China Express Airlines Chongqing, Tianjin, Wenshan, Xinzhou
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou, Harbin, Jieyang, Jinan, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Ürümqi, Wenshan, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xinzhou, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin (Guangxi), Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Hanzhong, Longnan, Wenzhou
Dalian Airlines Dalian, Shiyan
Donghai Airlines Nantong, Shenzhen, Yichang
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
GX Airlines Haikou
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Dalian, Haikou, Lanzhou, Shenzhen, Xi'an
Hebei Airlines Hangzhou, Shijiazhuang, Zhangjiakou
Juneyao Air Bijie, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Yueyang, Zhangjiajie
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Datong, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Huizhou, Jinan, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Phuket, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Yangzhou, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Maotai
Loong Air Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xi'an
Lucky Air Anqing, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan, Beijing–Capital, Cangyuan, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chiang Mai, Dalian, Diqing, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinzhou, Lancang, Lanzhou, Luang Prabang, Mangshi, Mianyang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ninglang, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Ürümqi, Vientiane, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Xuzhou, Yichang, Yichun (Jiangxi), Yinchuan, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Okay Airways Changsha, Hefei, Tianjin
Qingdao Airlines Chenzhou, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Quzhou
Ruili Airlines Beihai, Changchun, Changzhi, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Dalian, Enshi, Ezhou, Fuzhou, Harbin, Jiayuguan, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Mangshi, Nantong, Nanyang, Phuket, Qingdao, Shenyang, Sihanoukville, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuhu, Wushan, Xi'an, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yantai
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Jingdezhen, Nanjing, Qingdao, Quzhou, Shenyang, Ürümqi, Xiamen, Yantai
Shanghai Airlines Changsha, Hengyang, Jieyang, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Xishuangbanna, Wenzhou, Zhengzhou
Shenzhen Airlines Guangzhou, Nanchang, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Wuxi, Yantai, Yuncheng, Zhengzhou
Sichuan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dalian, Dunhuang, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jieyang, Jinan, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Linfen, Lijiang, Longyan, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Vientiane, Wanzhou, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xingyi, Xining, Xuzhou, Zhengzhou
Spring Airlines Changde, Ningbo, Qianjiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang, Yangzhou
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tianjin Airlines Changsha, Haikou, Tianjin, Xi'an
Tibet Airlines Changsha, Lhasa, Mangshi
West Air Hefei, Zhengzhou
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen
Baggage claim area


YTO Cargo AirlinesBangalore,[8] Karachi[9]

Ground transportation


The airport is also connected to Kunming by a 13 km (8.1 mi) toll highway, as well as Provincial Road S101.


The airport is the terminus of Line 6 of the Kunming Metro, which opened on the same day as the airport.


There are also several shuttle bus services available from the city centre.


Annual traffic statistics at Kunming Changshui International Airport
Year Passengers % change Aircraft movements Cargo (tons)
2012[10] 23,979,259 Increase07.7% 201,338 262,272
2013[11] 29,688,297 Increase023.8% 255,546 293,628
2014[12] 32,230,883 Increase08.6% 270,529 316,672
2015 37,523,098 Increase016.4% 300,406 355,423
2016[13] 41,980,339 Increase011.9% 325,934 382,854
2017[14] 44,727,691 Increase06.5% 350,273 418,034
2018[15] 47,088,140 Increase05.3% 360,785 428,292
2019[16] 48,075,978 Increase02.1% 357,080 415,776.3

See also


  1. ^ "Newly-built Kunming Changshui Int'l Airport to be put into operation". 2012-06-08. Archived from the original on 2013-12-05.
  2. ^ Shi Guanglin (史广林) (25 November 2008). 投资230亿 昆明将拥有国家大型门户枢纽机场 (in Chinese). Chinanews Yunnan. Retrieved 2012-08-05.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "7 dead, 34 injured in SW China overpass collapse". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  4. ^ 马玉佳. "Kunming airport collapse injures 11". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Main work of terminal project of new Kunming airport to be completed". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  6. ^ 昆明新机场规划设计创新 (in Chinese). 2010-05-08. Archived from the original on 2012-03-13.
  7. ^ 飞常准:用科技助力民航高效发展,推动智慧航旅服务升级 (in Chinese (China)). Sohu. 2018-02-01. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  8. ^ "YTO Cargo Airlines flights to Bangalore". Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  9. ^ "China's Yuantong Airline Launches Kunming-Karachi Air Cargo Route". 3 September 2019.
  10. ^ 2012年全国机场吞吐量排名 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 28 March 2013. Archived from the original on 7 October 2017. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  11. ^ 2013年民航机场吞吐量排名 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 24 March 2013. Archived from the original on 25 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  12. ^ 2014年民航机场吞吐量排名 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 3 April 2015. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-03.
  13. ^ 2016年民航机场生产统计公报. CAAC. 24 February 2017. Archived from the original on 23 August 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  14. ^ 2017年民航机场生产统计公报 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2018-03-07. Archived from the original on 2015-08-23. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  15. ^ 2018年民航机场生产统计公报 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2019-03-24. Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  16. ^ 2019年民航机场生产统计公报 (in Chinese). Ministry Transport of China. 2020-03-09. Retrieved 2021-03-23.