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East China
East China.svg
Country People's Republic of China (Mainland China)
 Republic of China (Taiwan)
Population384.3 million

East China (simplified Chinese: 华东; traditional Chinese: 華東; pinyin: Huádōng; lit. 'Huaxia-east') is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.

A concept abolished in 1978, for economical purposes the region was defined from 1949 to 1961 by the Chinese Central Government to include the provinces of (in alphabetical order) Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Shandong and Zhejiang, as well as the municipality of Shanghai. In 1961, the province of Jiangxi was added to the region (previously it was considered part of South Central China).

Since the Chinese government claims Taiwan and the few outlying islands of Fujian (Kinmen and Matsu) governed by the Republic of China (Taiwanese government) as its territory, the claimed "Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China" was once classified in this region.

Administrative divisions

GB[2] ISO No. 3166-2:CN[3] Province Chinese Name Capital Population (2010 census) Density Area Abbreviation
31 Shanghai Municipality 上海市
Shànghǎi Shì
Shanghai 23,019,148 3,630.20 6,341 SH
32 Jiangsu Province 江苏省
Jiāngsū Shěng
Nanjing 78,659,903 766.66 102,600 JS
Zhè 33 Zhejiang Province 浙江省
Zhèjiāng Shěng
Hangzhou 54,426,891 533.59 102,000 ZJ
Wǎn 34 Anhui Province 安徽省
Ānhuī Shěng
Hefei 59,500,510 425.91 139,700 AH
Mǐn 35 Fujian Province 福建省
Fújiàn Shěng
Fuzhou 36,894,216 304.15 121,300 FJ
Gàn 36 Jiangxi Province 江西省
Jiāngxī Shěng
Nanchang 44,567,475 266.87 167,000 JX
37 Shandong Province 山东省
Shāndōng Shěng
Jinan 95,793,065 622.84 153,800 SD

Cities with urban area over one million in population

Provincial capitals in bold.

# City Urban area[4] District area[4] City proper[4] Prov. Census date
1 Shanghai 20,217,748 22,315,474 23,019,196 SH 2010-11-01
2 Nanjing 5,827,888 7,165,292 8,003,744 JS 2010-11-01
3 Hangzhou 5,162,093 6,241,971 8,700,373 ZJ 2010-11-01
4 Jinan 3,527,566 4,335,989 6,813,984 SD 2010-11-01
5 Qingdao 3,519,919 3,718,835 8,715,087 SD 2010-11-01
6 Suzhou 3,302,152 4,072,081 10,459,890 JS 2010-11-01
7 Xiamen 3,119,110 3,531,347 3,531,347 FJ 2010-11-01
8 Hefei 3,098,727 3,310,268 5,702,466 AH 2010-11-01
9 Fuzhou 2,824,414 2,921,762 7,115,369 FJ 2010-11-01
10 Wuxi 2,757,736 3,543,719 6,374,399 JS 2010-11-01
11 Wenzhou 2,686,825 3,039,439 9,122,102 ZJ 2010-11-01
12 Ningbo 2,583,073 3,491,597 7,605,689 ZJ 2010-11-01
13 Zibo 2,261,717 3,129,228 4,530,597 SD 2010-11-01
14 Changzhou 2,257,376 3,290,918 4,592,431 JS 2010-11-01
15 Nanchang 2,223,661 2,357,839 5,042,566 JX 2010-11-01
16 Yantai 1,797,861 2,227,733 6,968,202 SD 2010-11-01
17 Xuzhou 1,735,166 1,967,214 8,577,225 JS 2010-11-01
18 Nantong 1,612,385 2,274,113 7,283,622 JS 2010-11-01
19 Huai'an 1,523,655 2,635,406 4,801,662 JS 2010-11-01
20 Linyi 1,522,488 2,303,648 10,039,440 SD 2010-11-01
21 Weifang 1,261,582 2,044,028 9,086,241 SD 2010-11-01
22 Huainan 1,238,488 1,666,826 2,333,896 AH 2010-11-01
23 Taizhou 1,189,276 1,902,510 5,968,838 ZJ 2010-11-01
24 Jinjiang 1,172,827 1,986,447 see Quanzhou FJ 2010-11-01
25 Quanzhou 1,154,731 1,435,185 8,128,533 FJ 2010-11-01
26 Yancheng 1,136,826 1,615,836 7,262,200 JS 2010-11-01
27 Tai'an 1,123,541 1,735,425 5,494,207 SD 2010-11-01
28 Kunshan 1,118,617 1,644,860 see Suzhou JS 2010-11-01
29 Wuhu 1,108,087 1,307,042 2,263,123 AH 2010-11-01
30 Putian 1,107,199 1,953,801 2,778,508 FJ 2010-11-01
31 Yangzhou 1,077,531 1,392,563 4,460,066 JS 2010-11-01
32 Cixi 1,059,942 1,462,383 see Ningbo ZJ 2010-11-01
33 Jiangyin 1,013,670 1,595,138 see Wuxi JS 2010-11-01

See also

References

  1. ^ List of regions of the People's Republic of China
  2. ^ GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  3. ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  4. ^ a b c 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.

Coordinates: 31°16′43″N 120°35′09″E / 31.2785°N 120.5859°E / 31.2785; 120.5859