Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport

郑州新郑国际机场
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorHenan Airport Group
ServesZhengzhou, Henan
LocationTowns of Xuedian and Mengzhuang, Xinzheng, Henan
Opened28 August 1997; 26 years ago (1997-08-28)
Hub forCargolux[1]
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL151 m / 495 ft
Coordinates34°31′11″N 113°50′27″E / 34.51972°N 113.84083°E / 34.51972; 113.84083
Websitewww.zzairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
CGO is located in Henan
CGO
CGO
Location in Henan
CGO is located in China
CGO
CGO
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12R/30L 3,400 11,155 Concrete
12L/30R 3,600 11,811 Concrete
Statistics (2021)
Passengers18,954,907
Cargo (metric tonnes)704,748.9
Movements161,162
Sources:[2]
Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport
Simplified Chinese郑州新郑国际机场
Traditional Chinese鄭州新鄭國際機場

Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport (IATA: CGO, ICAO: ZHCC) is an international airport serving Zhengzhou, the capital of South Central China’s Henan province.

The airport is located in Xinzheng, 37 kilometres (23 mi) southeast of downtown Zhengzhou. It was opened on 28 August 1997, replacing its predecessor, the now-demolished Dongjiao Airport. The airport is the largest international airport in Henan and serves as a main gateway for the province and the central plain area.

The airport is operated by Henan Airport Group and is a hub for Cargolux,[1] as well as a focus city for China Southern Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, West Air, Lucky Air, and Donghai Airlines. According to statistics of 2018, it is the 12th-busiest airport by passenger traffic in the People's Republic of China with 27,334,730 passengers, and the seventh busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic nationwide.[3][4] As of 2018, the airport is the busiest airport in central China in both passenger and cargo traffic.[5]

Its IATA code "CGO" is derived from Zhengzhou's former romanization Chengchow.

History

Early development

The former international airport of Zhengzhou, known as Zhengzhou Dongjiao Airport (Chinese: 郑州东郊机场), was built in 1956. However, the airport, which had a 2,400 meter long and 45 meter wide runway, capable of handling airliners as large as a Boeing 767, was too close to the city center, worsening the air and noise pollution, especially from jet-powered planes like the Trident and Boeing 737. Development of many buildings in the area worsened the dire situation, thus risking aircraft-related accidents. Hence, to meet the demand of city development, a plan to build a new airport in Xuedian Township, Xinzheng to replace the old Dongjiao Airport was approved in 1992.[6] The new airport was originally named Zhengzhou Xuedian Airport (Chinese: 郑州薛店机场) after the township of its location and was later changed to the current name. Construction began in 1993 and the new airport was opened on 28 August 1997 with a terminal of 45,900 square meters and a runway (Runway 12R/30L) of 3,400 m. The designed capacity of the terminal was 3.8 million passengers a year. All the flights of Dongjiao Airport were transferred to the new airport. Dongjiao Airport was later demolished to build the Zhengdong New Area CBD on its site.[7]

In 2000, the airport was approved by the state council to become the 21st international airport in China.

From 2005 to 2007, the original terminal underwent a major expansion and renovation. The new terminal (current Terminal 1) has an area of 128,000 square meters and was opened on 29 December 2007.[8]

Phase II expansion

In 2013, the state council approved the expansion project of the airport, including a new terminal (Terminal 2), the second runway (Runway 12L/30R) and a ground traffic center (GTC), in alignment with its first airport-based economy zone (Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone).[9] The construction started in 2012, and was finished in 2015. Terminal 2 was opened on 19 December 2015 together with the GTC, and the second runway was opened on 7 January 2016,[10] making the airport the first with two terminals and two runways in central China.

Recent development

After Foxconn Zhengzhou (the main production base for iPhone, located just to the north of the airport) was put into operation in 2010, the cargo transport of the airport has been booming. Between 2010 and 2017, the cargo volume handled by the airport increased from 85,798.1[11] to 502,714.8[3] metric tonnes, growing by 34 percent yearly on average, making it the seventh busiest airport in China by cargo traffic.[4]

Long-haul and intercontinental passenger services from the airport also began to emerge in recent years. In late 2015 Emirates announced it would begin service from Dubai to Zhengzhou via Yinchuan from May 2016, as part of the airline's expansion plans in China. This is Zhengzhou's first connection to the Middle East.[12] The service started from 3 May 2016[13] and stopped from November 2018. On 11 November 2016, Sichuan Airlines launched non-stop flights to Vancouver. It is the first regular non-stop intercontinental passenger service for the airport.[14][15] Non-stop flight service to Melbourne was opened by Jetstar on 6 December 2017.[16] This is the first air route to Australia from the airport.

The airport rail link services between Zhengzhou city center and the airport became available after the completion of the ground traffic center in 2015, including the Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway, which started operations from 31 December 2015 and served as an express link,[17] and Zhengzhou Metro Chengjiao line, which started operations from 12 January 2017.[18]

In 2017, the airport surpassed Wuhan Tianhe International Airport and Changsha Huanghua International Airport in terms of passenger traffic, making it the busiest airport in central China in both passenger and cargo traffic.[19]

Infrastructure

Terminal 1 (closed)

The current Terminal 1 was opened on 29 December 2007, after the expansion and renovation of the former terminal, which was opened in 1998. It covers an area of 128,000 square metres (1,380,000 sq ft) and has 14 gates with jet bridges. The roof of Terminal 1 is shaped like waves.

After the opening of Terminal 2, it was closed as a future reserve and temporarily transformed into an exhibition hall.[20]

Terminal 2

Terminal 2, the only terminal building in operation at present, is located to the northeast of Terminal 1. It was opened on 19 December 2015 with an area of 485,000 square metres (5,220,000 sq ft). Terminal 2 has an X-shaped layout with four piers seeing from above, which resembles and implies "opened arms to embrace the world".[21] The northwest pier is for international flights and others are for domestic use.

Waiting area of Xinzheng Airport

Ground traffic center

The concourse of the ground traffic center

The ground traffic center (GTC) was opened together with Terminal 2. It is to the west of Terminal 2 and is connected to the arrival hall of Terminal 2 by three corridors. The GTC has been designed to become a transportation hub for traffic between the airport and cities in central plains region, with an intercity train station and a metro station on the underground floors. Passengers can take taxis, intercity coaches, intercity trains and Zhengzhou Metro trains here.

Air-traffic control tower

The air-traffic control tower

The new air-traffic control tower was put into use on 7 January 2016, together with the second runway.[22] The control tower is 93.5 m (307 ft) in height and its shape resembles the Jiahu Gudi (bone flute) discovered in Henan.

Runways

Aircraft parking at Terminal 2 international concourse
Runway 30L

The airport has two parallel runways:

The north runway has a Category II Precision Approach.[23] Normally, the north runway (12L/30R) is used for landing while the south runway (12R/30L) is used for taking-off.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

A China Southern Airlines Boeing 737-800 on runway 12L
A China Airlines Boeing 747-400 parked at Terminal 1 in 2015
AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Changchun,[24] Guangzhou,[24] Guiyang,[24] Harbin,[24] Hohhot, Shenyang[24]
Air China Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dongying, Hangzhou, Shaoyang, Ulanqab, Wenzhou,[25] Xiamen
Air Guilin Enshi,[26] Guilin, Qingdao,[27] Xishuangbanna,[27] Yantai, Zhuhai[28]
Air Macau Macau
Beijing Capital Airlines Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot,[29] Lijiang, Qingdao,[30] Sanya, Ürümqi, Xiamen
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh[31]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Fuzhou,[32] Guiyang, Lhasa, Sanya, Shenyang, Tacheng,[33] Ulanhot,[34] Xilinhot,[34] Zunyi–Maotai
China Eastern Airlines Hangzhou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Luzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao,[35] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Xiamen,[36] Yantai,[37] Yinchuan[35]
China Express Airlines Chifeng,[38] Chongqing, Guiyang, Linfen,[39] Qingdao, Quzhou,[40] Yan'an[40]
China Southern Airlines Aksu, Altay,[41] Baotou, Changchun, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hami, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Hotan,[42] Huangshan,[43] Jieyang, Jinggangshan,[44] Karamay, Kashgar, Korla, Kunming, Lijiang, London–Gatwick,[45] Luxembourg,[46] Luzhou,[47] Nanning, Ningbo,[48] Ordos, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Quanzhou,[49] Sanya, Seoul–Incheon,[50] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan,[50] Tengchong, Tongliao,[51] Ürümqi, Wenzhou,[25] Xiamen, Xinzhou, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin (Shaanxi), Zhangjiajie,[42] Zhanjiang,[52] Zhuhai
Chongqing Airlines Jieyang[53]
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Dazhou, Guiyang
Donghai Airlines Nantong, Shenzhen, Urumqi[54]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
GX Airlines Harbin, Nanning
Hainan Airlines Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Kashgar,[30] Ningbo,[55] Sanya, Shenzhen, Ürümqi, Xiamen, Yinchuan, Zhuhai
Jiangxi Air Beihai,[56] Dalian, Fuzhou,[57] Harbin, Jiayuguan,[58] Korla, Nanchang, Xiamen[43]
Joy Air Harbin,[57] Xiangyang, Zhanjiang[57]
Juneyao Air Bayannur, Helsinki,[59] Huizhou, Milan–Malpensa,[60] Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou[61]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon (resumes 24 April 2024)[62]
Kunming Airlines Kunming, Taizhou[63]
Loong Air Changchun,[64] Guangzhou,[64] Kashgar,[64] Korla,[25] Lanzhou,[65] Wenzhou[25]
Lucky Air Changchun, Chengdu–Tianfu, Dali,[66] Dalian, Guiyang, Jieyang,[67] Kunming, Lhasa,[68] Lijiang, Luzhou,[66] Nanning,[69] Ningbo,[66] Quanzhou, Sanya, Xishuangbanna[27]
Nok Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Okay Airways Nanning[70]
Qingdao Airlines Changchun,[49] Kuqa,[71] Qingdao,[72] Quanzhou[49]
Scoot Singapore
Shandong Airlines Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou,[73] Korla, Lanzhou, Qingdao, Ruoqiang,[74] Ürümqi,[74] Xiamen, Yantai, Yinchuan,[73] Zhuhai
Shanghai Airlines Guilin, Guiyang, Jieyang,[67] Karamay,[75] Kunming, Lanzhou, Ordos, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Ürümqi,[76] Wenzhou,[25] Yinchuan[25]
Shenzhen Airlines Changchun, Dalian, Guilin, Haikou, Harbin, Huizhou,[77] Kunming, Lanzhou,[69] Nanning, Ningbo,[48] Quanzhou,[49] Shenyang, Shenzhen, Wenzhou,[73] Yantai, Yinchuan,[78] Zhoushan[79]
Sichuan Airlines Changchun, Chengdu–Shuangliu,[80] Chongqing, Harbin, Kunming, Nanning, Sanya, Ürümqi, Xichang,[81] Xishuangbanna,[27] Yanji
Spring Airlines Changchun,[82] Dalian,[83] Ningbo, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang
Suparna Airlines Hohhot,[84] Shanghai–Pudong,[84] Shenzhen, Ürümqi
Tianjin Airlines Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang,[85] Haikou, Hengyang, Hohhot, Liupanshui, Qingdao,[85] Sydney,[85] Tianjin,[85] Ürümqi, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Tibet Airlines Lhasa,[86] Xining[68]
Urumqi Air Ganzhou,[87] Karamay,[88] Kashgar, Lanzhou, Nanning,[87] Qingdao,[89] Qionghai, Quanzhou,[49] Shihezi,[90] Ürümqi,[89] Yinchuan,[90] Zhanjiang[91]
Thai VietJet Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Phuket
West Air Aksu, Beihai,[56] Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Golmud,[92] Guangzhou,[92] Guiyang, Hohhot, Jeju, Jieyang, Kashgar,[86] Korla, Kunming,[93] Lhasa, Lijiang, Nanning, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shanghai–Pudong,[30] Shenyang, Shenzhen, Ürümqi, Xining, Xishuangbanna,[94] Zhuhai
Seasonal: Guilin, Yinchuan[95]
XiamenAir Dalian, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Lanzhou, Quanzhou, Ürümqi, Xiamen, Yinchuan

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Aerotranscargo Dubai–Al Maktoum[96]
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo (suspended)
Air China Cargo Amsterdam
Air Incheon Seoul–Incheon
Cargolux Anchorage, Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Edmonton,[97] Komatsu, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Novosibirsk, Zaragoza
Cargolux Italia Milan-Malpensa
Cathay Cargo Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong
China Airlines Cargo Nanjing, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Postal Airlines Nanjing, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang
China Southern Cargo Anchorage, Guangzhou
Geo-Sky Türkmenabat[98]
Hong Kong Air Cargo Hong Kong, Tianjin
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon,[99] Xi'an
Longhao Airlines Hanoi, Manila
Mas Air Mexico City[100]
Qatar Cargo Doha
SF Airlines Hangzhou, Seoul-Incheon, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Wuxi
Silk Way Airlines Amsterdam, Baku, Maastricht
Sky Lease Cargo Anchorage
Suparna Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt–Hahn, Hangzhou
Tianjin Air Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
UPS Airlines Seoul–Incheon
YTO Cargo Airlines Tokyo–Narita[101]

Ground transportation

Highway

Airport toll station
The 1.48 kilometres (0.92 mi) long Yingbin Elevated Road connects the airport with S1 and G4 expressways.

Both expressways are connected to the airport via Yingbin Elevated Road.

Rail

Airport rail link is served by Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway and Zhengzhou Metro Chengjiao line.

Intercity railway

Platform of the Xinzheng Airport railway station

Main article: Xinzheng Airport railway station

The Xinzheng Airport railway station is located in the GTC. The waiting hall and ticket offices are on the B2 floor and platforms are on the B3 floor. Intercity trains to Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou East, Jiaozuo and Songchenglu (Kaifeng) are in operation.

Metro

Platform of Xinzheng International Airport station (Zhengzhou Metro)

Main article: Xinzheng International Airport station

Trains of the Chengjiao Line of the Zhengzhou Metro connects the airport to downtown Zhengzhou using through services via Line 2.

Bus

Shuttle bus

There are several airport shuttle bus[102] routes to various destinations in Zhengzhou. The bus station is on the first floor of Terminal 2.

Destination Ticket price
Zhengzhou Central Coach Station ¥20
Civil Aviation Hotel
Longyuan Hotel
Zhengzhou East Railway Station
Zhengzhou Railway Station west plaza

Inter-city coach

The airport also offers inter-city coach services to and from other cities in the central plain region, including Luoyang, Kaifeng, Xuchang, Xinxiang, Nanyang, Anyang, Jiaozuo, Pingdingshan, Shangqiu, Zhoukou, Zhumadian, Heze, Changzhi, and Jincheng. Unlike the Zhengzhou routes, inter-city coaches depart from the GTC.

City bus

There are several bus routes, operated by Zhengzhou Bus Communication Corporation, serving the airport and neighbouring areas in the Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone.

Accidents and incidents

See also

References

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