China Eastern Airlines
IATA ICAO Callsign
FoundedJune 25, 1988; 35 years ago (1988-06-25)
Secondary hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer programEastern Miles
Fleet size619
Parent companyChina Eastern Air Holding Company
Traded asSSE: 600115
HeadquartersNo. 2550 Hongqiao Rd, Shanghai
Key peopleLiu Shaoyong (Chairman)
RevenueIncrease CN¥85.25 billion (2012)[2]
Operating incomeIncrease CN¥4.228 billion (2012)[2]
Net incomeDecrease CN¥2.808 billion (2012)[2]
Total assetsIncrease CN¥123.82 billion (2012)[2]
Total equityIncrease CN¥22.93 billion (2012)[2]
Employees80,000 (March 2016)
China Eastern Airlines
Simplified Chinese中国东方航空公司
Traditional Chinese中國東方航空公司
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese東航
Current headquarters at Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, shared with Shanghai Airlines
China Eastern Airlines branch at Beijing Daxing International Airport

China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (simplified Chinese: 中国东方航空公司; traditional Chinese: 中國東方航空公司), also known as China Eastern, is an airline headquartered in the China Eastern Airlines Building,[3] on the grounds of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport in Changning District, Shanghai, China.[4] It is one of the "Big Three" airlines (alongside Air China and China Southern Airlines) of the People's Republic of China, operating international, domestic and regional routes. China Eastern's main hubs are located at Shanghai Pudong International Airport, as well is the smaller Hongqiao airport.

In terms of passenger traffic, it is the country's second largest airline after China Southern Airlines. In 2021, its operational revenue was 67,127 million RMB with assets totaling 286,548 million RMB.[5] China Eastern (along with its subsidiary Shanghai Airlines) became the 14th member of SkyTeam on June 21, 2011.[6]


China Eastern Airlines was established on June 25, 1988, under the Civil Aviation Administration of China Huadong Administration. In 1997, China Eastern took over the unprofitable China General Aviation and also became the country's first airline to offer shares on the international market. In 1998, it founded China Cargo Airlines in a joint venture with COSCO. In March 2001, it completed the takeover of Great Wall Airlines.[7] China Yunnan Airlines and China Northwest Airlines merged into China Eastern Airlines in 2003.[citation needed] The company slogan is World-Class Hospitality with Eastern Charm (世界品位,东方魅力).[citation needed]

Liu Shaoyong in 2014

The Chinese government has a majority ownership stake in China Eastern Airlines (61.64%), while some shares are publicly held (H shares, 32.19%); A shares, 6.17%. On April 20, 2006, the media broke the news of a possible sale of up to 20% of its stake to foreign investors, including Singapore Airlines, Emirates and Japan Airlines, with Singapore Airlines confirming that negotiations were underway.[8][9]

After receiving approval from the State Council of China, it was announced that on September 2, 2007, Singapore Airlines and Temasek Holdings (holding company which owns 55% of Singapore Airlines) would jointly acquire shares of China Eastern Airlines.[10][11] On November 9, 2007, investors signed a final agreement to buy a combined 24% stake in China Eastern Airlines: Singapore Airlines would own 15.73% and Temasek Holdings an 8.27% stake in the airline.[12] Singapore Airlines' pending entry into the Chinese market prompted the Hong Kong carrier Cathay Pacific to attempt to block the deal by buying a significant stake in China Eastern and voting down the deal together with Air China (which already held an 11% stake in China Eastern) at the shareholders' meeting in December 2007.[13][14] However, on September 24, Cathay Pacific announced that it had abandoned these plans.[15]

Air China's parent company, state-owned China National Aviation Corporation, announced in January 2008 that it would offer 32% more than Singapore Airlines for the 24% stake in China Eastern, potentially complicating the deal that Singapore Airlines and Temasek had proposed by Beckett Saufley.[16] However, minority shareholders declined the offer made by Singapore Airlines. It is thought that this was due to the massive effort made by Air China to buy the 24% stake.[17]

On June 11, 2009, it was announced that China Eastern Airlines would merge with Shanghai Airlines.[18] The merger of China Eastern and Shanghai Airlines was expected to reduce excess competition between the two Shanghai-based carriers while consolidating Shanghai's status as an international aviation hub. In February 2010, the merger was completed.[19] Shanghai Airlines became a wholly owned subsidiary of China Eastern Airlines. However, Shanghai Airlines retained its brand and livery. The new combined airline was expected to have over half of the market share in Shanghai, the financial hub of China.[citation needed] China Eastern Airlines also acquired China United Airlines in October 2010.[20]

In March 2012, it was announced that China Eastern was forging a strategic alliance with the Qantas Group to set up Jetstar Hong Kong, a new low cost airline to be based at Hong Kong International Airport, which would commence operations in 2013.[21] China Eastern would hold a 50% stake in the new airline, with the Qantas Group holding the other 50%, representing a total investment of US$198 million.[22] However, in June 2015, the Hong Kong Air Transport Licensing Authority refused to issue an operating license to Jetstar Hong Kong. China Eastern and Qantas subsequently announced the end of the investment.[23]

In April 2013, China Eastern received a temporary permit to operate in the Philippines, but the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines required them to obtain a technical permit and an airport slot.[24][25]

In 2012, China Eastern was awarded the “Golden Ting Award” at the China Capital Market Annual Conference 2012, recognizing it as one of the 50 most valuable Chinese brands by WPP and ranking in the top ten of FORTUNE China's CSR ranking 2013.[citation needed]

On September 9, 2014, China Eastern introduced a new logo and new livery.[26] In 2015, the airline entered a partnership with Delta Air Lines in which Delta will buy a 3.55% share in China Eastern for $450 million.[27]

China Eastern from June 30, 2015, launched new service to the US, as the Skyteam member plans three weekly Chengdu – Nanjing – Los Angeles operation with Airbus A330-200 (twin-jet) (A332) aircraft.[28]

In 2017, China Eastern Airlines reported a net profit of CNY6.4 billion ($983 million), up 41% over net income of CNY4.5 billion in 2016.[29]

On February 26, 2020, China Eastern Airlines launched OTT Airlines as a subsidiary to operate domestically produced aircraft, such as the Comac C919 and Comac ARJ21, in the Yangtze Delta region in addition to business jet operations.[30][31]

In 2023, China Eastern increased its activity within Asian Pacific region announcing it will increase the weekly service from 7 to 11 from Shanghai to Sydney Kingsford Smith International Airport (SYD).[32]


Main article: List of China Eastern Airlines destinations

China Eastern Airlines has a strong presence on routes in Asia, North America and Australia. The airline looks to exploit the domestic market potential as it boosts flight frequencies from Shanghai to other Chinese cities. The airline is also accelerating the pace of international expansion by increasing flight frequencies to international destinations. In 2007, it began operations to New York City from Shanghai, making it the longest non-stop route for the airline. In 2016, China Eastern Airlines also launched direct flights from Shanghai to Prague, Amsterdam, Madrid and St. Petersburg.[citation needed]

Codeshare agreements

China Eastern Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:[33]

Investor Relations

Organizational Structure

Organizational Structure


Ownership Structure

Owner Number of shares held Percentage of shares held
1 China Eastern Airlines Group Co. LTD 7567853802 40.1
2 HKSCC NOMINEES LIMITED 4701157885↓ 24.91
3 Shanghai Jidao Hang Enterprise Management Co., LTD 589041096 3.12
4 China Aviation Oil Group Co. LTD 502767895 2.66
5 DELTA AIRLINES INC 465910000 2.47
6 Shanghai Reed Information Technology Consulting Co. LTD 465838509 2.47
7 China Eastern Financial Holding Co. LTD 457317073 2.42
8 China Securities Finance Co. LTD 429673382 2.28
9 Shanghai Junyao (Group) Co. LTD 311831909 1.65
10 China State-owned Enterprise Restructuring Fund Co., LTD 273972602 1.45


Current fleet

China Eastern Airlines Airbus A320-200 taxiing at Kansai International Airport
China Eastern Airlines Airbus A320neo
China Eastern Airlines Comac C919
A China Eastern Airlines Boeing 777-300ER at Los Angeles International Airport
China Eastern Yunnan Airlines Boeing 787-9 at Beijing Capital International Airport
China Eastern Airlines Airbus A350-900 at Beijing Capital International Airport

As of June 2023, China Eastern Airlines operates the following aircraft:[36][37][38]

China Eastern Airlines Passenger Fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
F J W Y Total
Airbus A319-100 35 8 114 122
Airbus A320-200 168 8 150 158 Largest operator.
Airbus A320neo 100 92[39] 8 18 132 158 Second largest operator.[38]
Airbus A321-200 77 20 155 175
12 166 178
12 170 182
Airbus A321neo 68[39] TBA
Airbus A330-200 30 30 202 232
30 204 234
24 240 264
Airbus A330-300 25 32 32 230 294
38 262 300
Airbus A350-900 18 2 4[40] 36 32 216 288 Deliveries through 2023.[41][42]
Boeing 737-700 36 8 126 134
140 140
Boeing 737-800 176 20 138 158
12 150 162
8 162 170
8 18 150 176
18 168 186
Boeing 737 MAX 8 3 47 8 18 150 176
Boeing 777-300ER 20 6 52 258 316
Boeing 787-9 3 2 4[43] 26 28 227 285 Deliveries through 2023.[44]
Comac ARJ21-700 35[45] TBA Deliveries from 2025.
Comac C919 2 18 8 156 164 Launch customer.[46][47]
Total 619 264

China Eastern Airlines was the first Chinese airline to place an order with Airbus. The backbone of the fleet is the A320 series, which are used primarily on domestic flights.[citation needed]

In 2005, China Eastern Airlines placed an order for 15 Boeing 787 Dreamliners. The airline subsequently cancelled its order owing to continuous delays, instead swapped the 787 order for Boeing 737 Next Generation aircraft,[48]

On October 18, 2011, China Eastern Airlines placed an order for 15 Airbus A330s.[49][50]

China Eastern Airlines ordered 20 Boeing 777-300ERs and received its first 777-300ER aircraft on September 26, 2014.[51]

In 2015, the airline acquired a further batch of 15 Airbus A330 aircraft for delivery in 2017 and 2018.[52]

In April 2016, China Eastern Airlines ordered 20 Airbus A350-900 and 15 Boeing 787-9 aircraft, with deliveries commencing in 2018.Cite error: The <ref> tag has too many names (see the help page).

China Eastern Airlines Retired Fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A300-600R 10 1989 2015
Airbus A300-600RF 3 1993 2015
Airbus A310-200 3 1988 2006
Airbus A310-300 2 1988 1994
Airbus A318-100 1 2012 2020 Operated for China Eastern Airlines Executive Air[53]
Airbus A340-300 5 1996 2012
Airbus A340-600 5 2003 2015
Boeing 737-200 3 2001 2005
Boeing 737-300 26 1998 2014
Boeing 767-300ER 3 2003 2011 Acquired from China Yunnan Airlines.
Bombardier CRJ-200ER 5 2004 2016
BAe 146-100 6 1986 2009
BAe 146-300 7 2003 2009
Embraer ERJ-135 5 2012 2021 Operated for China Eastern Airlines Executive Air[53]
Embraer ERJ-145 10 2005 2016
Fokker 100 10 1992 1999
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 4 1991 2003
McDonnell Douglas MD-11F 2 1991 2003 Transferred to China Cargo Airlines
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 16 1988 2007
McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30 9 1997 2010
Xian MA-60 Un­known Un­known Un­known Acquired from Wuhan Airlines
Yakovlev Yak-42 Un­known Un­known Un­known Acquired from China General Aviation Corporation

Special liveries gallery

In flight from Kunming to Chongqing


China Eastern offers first class, business class, premium economy, and economy.

First class

China Eastern offers first class on Boeing 777-300ERs. A first-class seat comes with a flat bed seat, direct aisle access and a sliding door. The plane also comes with a bar for passengers to serve themselves snacks and socialize with others. Middle seats on the Boeing 777 can be turned into a double bed.

Business class on a Boeing 777-300ER.
Business plus/ Super premium suites

The business plus product can be found on all Airbus A350s and Boeing 787s. The suites come with bigger space along with larger suite length compared to the business class seats. The business plus suites also feature sliding door and a minibar. The middle seats can be turned into a living room with seating for four.[40][43]

Business class

Business class comes in many different versions. On narrowbody aircraft, business class seats are recliners arranged in an 2-2 configuration. On select Airbus A330s, business class seats are either Zodiac Cirrus or Thompson Vantage XL which is in a 1-2-1 configuration, or angled flat beds or fully flat beds arranged in a 2-2-2 configuration. On Airbus A350s and Boeing 787-9s, business class seats are modified Thompson Vantage XL with doors similar to Delta One suites.[54] On Boeing 777-300ERs, business class seats are Zodiac Cirrus.

Economy class on the Boeing 787-9.
Premium economy

Premium economy is found on all Airbus A350s and Boeing 787-9s.[55]


China Eastern offers complimentary meal service and select A330s, all A350s, 777s, and 787s have seatback entertainment.[56]

Eastern Miles

China Eastern Airlines's frequent-flyer program is called Eastern Miles (simplified Chinese: 东方万里行; traditional Chinese: 東方萬里行). Shanghai Airlines and China United Airlines, China Eastern subsidiaries, are also parts of the program. Eastern Miles members can earn miles on flights as well as through consumption with China Eastern's credit card. When enough miles are collected, members can be upgraded to Elite membership in three tiers: Platinum, Gold and Silver.[57]


China Cargo Airlines Boeing 747-400ERF

After the merger with Shanghai Airlines, China Eastern Airlines signaled that it would combine the two carriers' cargo subsidiaries as well. The airline's new subsidiary cargo carrier, consisting of the assets of China Cargo Airlines, Great Wall Airlines and Shanghai Airlines Cargo, commenced operations in 2011 from its base in Shanghai, China's largest air cargo market.[58] China Eastern Airlines signed a strategic cooperation framework agreement with Shanghai Airport Group, which controls both Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Pudong International Airport. The airline will allocate more capacity to Pudong Airport to open more international routes and boost flight frequencies on existing international and domestic trunk routes.[citation needed]


China Cargo Airlines

Main article: China Cargo Airlines

China Eastern Airlines' cargo subsidiary, China Cargo Airlines, is China's first all-cargo airline operating dedicated freight services using China Eastern Airlines' route structure. The cargo airline carries the same logo of China Eastern Airlines.

China United Airlines

Main article: China United Airlines

China United Airlines is a low-cost carrier based in Beijing Daxing International Airport. It became a subsidiary of China Eastern in 2010 as a result of acquisitions.[20]

OTT Airlines

Main article: OTT Airlines

OTT Airlines is an airline subsidiary that was launched in February 2020 to operate domestically produced aircraft like the Comac C919 and Comac ARJ21 in the Yangtze Delta region.[30][31]

China Eastern Yunnan Airlines

Main article: China Eastern Yunnan Airlines

China Eastern Yunnan Airlines, formerly known as China Yunnan Airlines, is China Eastern Airlines' local subsidiary in Yunnan province.

Incidents and accidents

See also


  1. ^ 东航“四梁八柱”航线战略:“四梁”为上海、北京、昆明、西安四大枢纽市场,“八柱”则为广州、深圳、成都、厦门、南京、杭州、青岛、武汉八个重要市场。
  2. ^ a b c d e "Form 20-F China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited". 2012. Archived from the original on June 7, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
  3. ^ "Exhibit B." p. 2. "2550 Hongqiao Road Hongqiao International Airport China Eastern Airlines Building" (Archive)
  4. ^ "China Eastern Airlines Corp. Ltd. (CEA) Archived 2016-03-31 at the Wayback Machine." Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved October 3, 2009.
  5. ^ Retrieved October 27, 2022. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Cantle, Katie (June 23, 2011). "China Eastern becomes 14th SkyTeam member". ATWOnline. Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  7. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. April 3, 2007. p. 64.
  8. ^ Shanghai Daily[dead link]
  9. ^ "". September 30, 2007. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  10. ^ SIA approved to buy into China Eastern Archived January 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Flight Global, August 31, 2007
  11. ^ "SIA, China Eastern Airlines announce strategic tie-up". Channel NewsAsia. September 2, 2007. Archived from the original on September 4, 2007. Retrieved September 2, 2007.
  12. ^ "Singapore Airlines, Temasek sign China Eastern deal". Channel NewsAsia. November 9, 2007. Archived from the original on November 11, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
  13. ^ "Cathay Pacific to try and block Singapore Airlines: report". Agence France-Presse. Channel NewsAsia. September 22, 2007. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  14. ^ BBC 中文网 - 服务专区 - 纯文字页. BBC News. September 10, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  15. ^ Markets (September 24, 2007). "Cathay Pacific abandons China Eastern plan". London: Archived from the original on May 6, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  16. ^ Dyer, Geoff (January 6, 2008). "/ Companies / Transport - Air China pursues China Eastern stake". Archived from the original on October 8, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  17. ^ Anderlini, Jamil (January 8, 2008). "Shareholders reject Singapore Air offer". Archived from the original on December 10, 2022. Retrieved January 8, 2008.
  18. ^ "China Eastern Airlines announces detailed merger plan with Shanghai Airlines". July 12, 2009. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  19. ^ "China Eastern Air Holding Company". Center for Aviation. Archived from the original on December 15, 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  20. ^ a b 关于联航 [About United Airlines] (in Chinese). China United Airlines. Archived from the original on October 21, 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  21. ^ "China Eastern Airlines and Qantas announce Jetstar Hong Kong". Jetstar Airways. March 26, 2012. Archived from the original on May 12, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  22. ^ "Qantas creates Jetstar Hong Kong". Sky News Australia. March 26, 2012. Archived from the original on March 26, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  23. ^ "China Eastern moves to end involvement with Jetstar Hong Kong". Australian Aviation. Retrieved December 9, 2022.
  24. ^ "China Eastern Airlines bags temporary permit - Civil Aeronautics Board :: Philippines". Archived from the original on March 24, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  25. ^ "China Eastern Airlines bags temporary permit | BusinessWorld Online". April 17, 2013. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  26. ^ 东方航空正式发布全新VI体系. China Eastern Airlines. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
  27. ^ "East-West Partnership". Airliner World: 15. October 2015.
  28. ^ Ltd. 2019, UBM (UK). "China Eastern Adds Chengdu / Nanjing – Los Angeles Service from late-June 2015". Routesonline. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  29. ^ "China Eastern's 2017 net profit up 41% as demand, exchange rates improve | Aviation Week Network". Archived from the original on December 14, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  30. ^ a b "China Eastern unveils OTT Airlines to operate Chinese-made jets". Reuters. February 26, 2020. Archived from the original on February 28, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  31. ^ a b Zhou, Senhao (March 1, 2020). "OTT Airlines unveiled, mainly to operate China-made aircraft like ARJ21 and C919". Comac. Archived from the original on March 2, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  32. ^ Bailey, Aaron (May 8, 2023). "China Eastern To Increase Shanghai-Sydney Capacity This Summer". Simple Flying. Retrieved May 8, 2023.
  33. ^ "Profile on China Eastern Airlines". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on October 29, 2016. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  34. ^ "中国东方航空". Retrieved November 1, 2022.
  35. ^ "中国东航(600115)主要股东_新浪财经_新浪网". Retrieved October 27, 2022.
  36. ^ "China Eastern Airlines Fleet Details and History". December 3, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  37. ^ 机型展示 - 中国东方航空公司. (in Chinese (China)). Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  38. ^ a b "Airbus Orders & Deliveries". Airbus. November 30, 2020. Retrieved December 3, 2022.
  39. ^ a b "Aircraft orders in 2022" (PDF). Airbus. Retrieved March 29, 2023.
  40. ^ a b "China Eastern Airbus A350 to fly Sydney-Shanghai from March 31". Executive Traveller. January 17, 2019. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  41. ^ Bloomberg News (April 28, 2016). "China Eastern to Buy 20 Airbus A350 Jets, 15 Boeing 787s". Archived from the original on May 4, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  42. ^ "Industry News / Opinions - Shanghai Airlines 787-9". Archived from the original on July 22, 2018. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  43. ^ a b "China Eastern Boeing 787 brings business class suites to Melbourne". Executive Traveller. January 8, 2019. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  44. ^ "China Eastern orders 20 A350-900s, 15 Boeing 787-9s | Aviation Week Network". Archived from the original on November 17, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  45. ^ "China's top airlines to buy ARJ21 jets from COMAC". Archived from the original on August 30, 2019. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  46. ^ "China Eastern To operate Comac C919 on Shanghai-Beijing Route". ATW Online. Archived from the original on August 10, 2018. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  47. ^ "CHINA EASTERN TAKES DELIVERY OF WORLD'S FIRST COMAC C919 (10 December 2022)". Retrieved January 24, 2023.
  48. ^ "China Eastern abandons 787 order for 737s". Archived from the original on October 19, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
  49. ^ "China Eastern orders 15 A330s, drops five A340s". May 5, 2011. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
  50. ^ "China Eastern orders 15 Airbus 330s". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
  51. ^ "China Eastern takes delivery of first B777-300ER". Business Traveller. Retrieved September 4, 2022.
  52. ^ "China Eastern Airlines". Airliner World: 17. October 2015.
  53. ^ a b "China Eastern Airlines Executive Air Fleet Details and History". Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  54. ^ "China Eastern Airbus A350 to fly Sydney-Shanghai from March 31". Australian Business Traveler. January 17, 2019. Archived from the original on January 17, 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  55. ^ "China Eastern to introduce premium economy". TD. June 24, 2016. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  56. ^ "Touring China Eastern's New 777-300ER Products". Travel Codex. October 2, 2017. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  57. ^ "Welcome to Eastern Miles". Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  58. ^ Cantle, Katie (September 30, 2010). "New China Eastern cargo carrier to launch Jan. 1 from Shanghai". Archived from the original on February 27, 2011. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  59. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  60. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov 24RV B-3417 Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport". August 15, 1989. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  61. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident MD-11 B-2173 Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport". September 10, 1998. Retrieved September 19, 2021.
  62. ^ Accident description for B-3052 at the Aviation Safety Network
  63. ^ "A 737 crashed in China. What we know about the plane". CNN. March 22, 2021. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
  64. ^ "Boeing 737 plane crashes in China's southern Guangxi with 132 people on board". SCMP. March 21, 2021. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
  65. ^ "Beijing still seeking answers a year after China Eastern plane crash". Reuters. March 21, 2023. Retrieved April 24, 2023.