Ukraine International Airlines (UIA)
Міжнародні Авіалінії України (МАУ)
IATA ICAO Callsign
PS AUI UKRAINE INTERNATIONAL
Founded1 October 1992
Commenced operations1994
Ceased operations24 February 2022 (only temporarily until the end of the war)
HubsKyiv–Boryspil
Frequent-flyer programPanorama Club
Fleet size11
Destinations80+ (Before war in 2022) 0 (Due to Russo-Ukrainian war)
Parent companyCapital Investment Project LLC (74%)
HeadquartersKyiv, Ukraine
Key peopleYevhenii Dykhne, President[1]
Websitewww.flyuia.com/ua/en Edit this at Wikidata

Ukraine International Airlines PJSC, often shortened to UIA (Ukrainian: Авіакомпанія Міжнародні Авіалінії України, romanizedAviakompaniya Mizhnarodni Avialiniyi Ukrayiny, IPA: [ɑwijɐkomˈpɑn⁽ʲ⁾ijɐ miʒnɐˈrɔd⁽ʲ⁾n⁽ʲ⁾i ˌɑwijɐˈl⁽ʲ⁾in⁽ʲ⁾iji ʊkrɐˈjinɪ]), is the flag carrier and the largest airline of Ukraine,[2] with its head office in Kyiv[3] and its main hub at Kyiv's Boryspil International Airport. It operates domestic and international passenger flights and cargo services to Europe, the Middle East, the United States,[4] Canada,[5] and Asia. Due to Russia's 2022 invasion, all flights have been cancelled since 24 February 2022. The airline has ceased all operations, and the fleet has been parked at Kyiv Boryspil with the exception of one Embraer 190, UR-EMC, parked in Odessa. The airline won't be operating until the war ends and Ukrainian airspace ban is lifted. It also depends if the fleet of aircraft remains intact throughout the war.

History

Early history

A Ukraine International Airlines Boeing 737-200 in 1998

It was established as an alternative to Ukraine Airlines, a remnant of the Soviet Era in which each country had an operating airline under financial and commercial control of Aeroflot's main office in Moscow until the Soviet Union broke up and the airliners on the ground at each airport became the property of the state in which they were grounded. In early 1992, the then Minister for aviation in Ukraine reached an agreement on the lease of 2 B737-400's from GPA and the establishment of a new airline to operate at "internationally acceptable standards of Safety, Reliability, and Service between Ukraine and Europe."

In September, 1992 GPA and the new airline appointed Dublin-based International Aviation consultancy Avia International to lead the establishment and launch of the airline. Working closely with selected ex-staff of Ukraine Airlines, the joint team succeeded in launching flights to multiple destinations on schedule, beginning with a Kyiv-London flight on 25 November 1992. Other routes inaugurated in this period connected Kyiv with Berlin, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, and Amsterdam.

It became one of the first "joint ventures with foreign capital" in Ukraine and the first airline in the former Soviet Union to use then-new Boeing 737-400.[citation needed] The founding shareholders were the Ukrainian Association of Civil Aviation and Guinness Peat Aviation (GPA), an Irish aircraft-leasing company.

The airline began cargo operations with a Boeing 737-200 on 13 November 1994 to London and Amsterdam.

In 1996, Austrian Airlines and Swissair became shareholders, investing US$9 million in new equity.[citation needed]

In 2000, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development became a shareholder by investing $5.4 million. In 2006, UIA adopted a new classification system for freight operations[clarification needed] which allowed the airline to carry a wider range of goods, ranging from live animals to fresh food and valuable objects. Additionally, an express service was introduced to meet the needs of customers wishing to make use of expedited cargo-delivery services.[citation needed]

Developments since 2013

Ukraine International Airlines' first Boeing 777-200ER delivered in February 2018
A former Ukraine International Airlines Boeing 737-300 which was retired in 2019

In the first half of 2013, the airline's patronage rose by 60% to 2,200,000 passengers. According to the company's president, Yuri Miroshnikov, UIA planned to achieve the same 2013 yearly results (i.e. to reach annual patronage of 4,400,000).[6] Also in 2013, due to the demise of competitor Aerosvit, UIA launched new flights from Ukraine to Baku, Azerbaijan; Yerevan, Armenia; Larnaca, Cyprus; Munich, Germany; Warsaw, Poland; Vilnius, Lithuania; Prague, Czech Republic; Athens, Greece; Batumi, Georgia; Moscow (Sheremetyevo Airport), Yekaterinburg, Saint Petersburg, Kaliningrad, Nizhnevartovsk, Novosibirsk, Rostov-on-Don, and Sochi in Russia; and Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.[7] On 25 April 2014, UIA began non-stop flights from Kyiv to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, United States.[8]

In October 2015 the Russian government banned UIA from flying to Russian destinations as a response to a ban by the Ukrainian government on Russian airlines flying into Ukraine.[9]

Since June 2016, most of UIA's international flights are sold with the basic "hand luggage-only tariff." If passengers booking this tariff want to check-in luggage, the airline charges fees up to US$60 per flight.[10] Also, since the northern-hemisphere summer of 2016, UIA wet-leased an ERJ 145 from Dniproavia (also part of the Privat Group) for daily services to Chernivtsi (because the condition of the airport there doesn't allow E-190 and B737-operations).[11]

On 14 June 2016, the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine had the offices of UIA searched because of an investigation by the Bureau into passenger fees not paid to the State Aviation Fund.[12]

In March 2018, Ukraine International announced a fleet modernization plan. While the first of three pre-owned Boeing 777-200ERs had already been delivered, the airline expected several new Boeing 737 and Embraer 195 aircraft during the year to replace its last Boeing 737 Classics.[13]

Ukraine International ceased its membership[14] of the Flying Blue rewards program on January 1, 2019. UIA expected losses of approximately US$50 million for 2019 and implemented cost-saving measures, according to the new CEO.[15]

In September 2021, UIA announced plans to add two Boeing 777-300s to their fleet, primarily for charter operations.[16]

During the Russian invasion of Ukraine began in February 2022, the Ukrainian government closed Ukraine's air space for commercial airline operations, severely affecting Ukraine International's own operations. The airline suspended their flights from 24 February of that year, hoping to restart them by 23 March,[17][18][19] before extending the suspension until the end of May 2022. Further extensions of the suspension were periodically announced, with the current extension announced on 10 April 2023.[20][21][22][23][24][25] As of July 20, 2023, the suspension notice states that flights to and from Ukraine will be suspended "until martial law in Ukraine is lifted, and Ukrainian airspace is reopened".[25]

Corporate affairs

In February 2011, the Ukrainian government sold its 61.6% stake in UIA to three existing minority shareholders for ₴287 million  (US$36.2 million). As of 26 July 2013, the airline was owned by Ukraine-based Capital Investment Project LLC (74%) and Cyprus-based Ontobet Promotions Limited (26%). Capital Investment Process, in turn, is owned by Ontobet.[26][27] The owners are represented by Aron Mayberg, a business partner of Igor Kolomoyskyi and the former CEO of the bankrupt AeroSvit Airlines, from which partially licences and planes were transferred to Ukraine International Airlines.[28]

As of 22 June 2016, the ownership structure is registered as the following: 74.1627% Capital Investment Project, Ukraine and 15.9108% Ontobet Promotions Ltd, Cyprus.[29]

2016 was the second year in a row that the company made a loss, despite seeing growth in passengers. According to a February statement by company head Yuri Miroshnikov, UIA was struggling to stay profitable in the face of growing competition from budget airlines. In 2017, the company recorded a ₴304 million loss.[30]

Ukraine International Airlines posted a net loss of almost ₴2.7 billion (about $100 million) in 2018, or about nine times more than it lost in 2017, Ukrainian media reported on 25 March, citing a UIA investor report.

Ukraine International Airlines (UIA), the country's national carrier, is to slow down its expansion plans in order to stabilise its financial performance and climb out of the red.[31]

Yuri Miroshnikov is stepping down as president of Ukraine International Airlines (UIA) on 12 September after 15 years of managing Ukraine's national carrier and working for UIA since 1993. Yevhenii Dykhne will take on the leadership role at UIA from 18 September 2019.[32][33]

The head of the state air traffic regulator of Ukraine stated at 8 November 2019 that UIA would[clarification needed] owe them ₴1 billion of unpaid fees and penalties.[34]

Destinations

Main article: List of Ukraine International Airlines destinations

UIA connects Ukraine to over 80 destinations in Europe, Asia and the Middle East, as well as to New York City[4] and Toronto[5] from its base at Boryspil Airport, and also operates domestic flights. UIA serves over 1000 flights per week.[35] Ukraine International Airlines (UIA) was forced to make some involuntary changes to its summer 2019 flight schedules, with reduced frequencies and capacity on some selected routes.[36] Although not officially a budget airline, many of UIA's worldwide flights are popular with travellers because of its low fares, they use Boryspil International Airport as a transport hub.[37]

Due to ongoing losses, the airline suspended flights to Amman, Riga, Beijing and Minsk in November 2019.[38] From 2020, flights to Bangkok and Krakow were also suspended.[39] Following the 2022 Russia's Invasion of Ukraine, the airline ceased operations temporarily and suspended all flights to all destinations.

Codeshare agreements

Ukraine International Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:[40]

Fleet

Current fleet

UIA Boeing 737-800
UIA Boeing 767-300ER

As of July 2023, the Ukraine International Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[44]

Ukraine International Airlines fleet
Aircraft In
service
Orders Passengers Notes
B E+ E Total
Boeing 737-800 3 18 168 186 Parked at Kyiv Boryspil (UR-PSE, UR-PSW, & UR-UIA)
Boeing 737-900ER 1 215 215 Parked at Kyiv Boryspil (UR-PSJ)
Boeing 767-300ER 2 12 38 211 261 Parked at Kyiv Boryspil (UR-GEA & UR-GED)
Embraer 190 4 12 92 104 4 parked at Kyiv Boryspil (UR-EMA, UR-EMB, UR-EMD, & UR-EME)

1 parked at Odessa (UR-EMC)

Embraer 195 1 12 95 108 Parked at Kyiv Boryspil (UR-EMF)
Total 11

Former fleet

Ukraine International Airlines previously consisted of the following aircraft:[45]

Ukraine International Airlines former fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Antonov An-148-100B 3 2011 2013 The only non-Boeing plane in the fleet
Boeing 737-200 3 1994 2005 First aircraft type in the fleet back in 1992
Boeing 737-300 9 1995 2018
Boeing 737-300BDSF 1 2008 2017
Boeing 737-400 7 1993 2015
Boeing 737-500 13 2001 2018
Boeing 777-200ER 3 2018 2020

Accidents and incidents

On 8 January 2020, Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 was shot down by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) of Iran shortly after takeoff from Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport. The IRGC attributed it to human error. The aircraft involved, UR-PSR, was a three-year-old Boeing 737-800. There were 176 passengers and crew on board with no survivors.[46] The crash was the first fatal aviation incident for Ukraine International Airlines since beginning operations in 1992.[47]

See also

References

  1. ^ "UIA Management Team - Ukraine International Airlines (UIA)". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Ukraine International Airlines."
  3. ^ "Contact Ukraine International Airlines." Ukraine International Airlines. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "ADDRESS: UKRAINE INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES 201-203, Kharkivske Road, Kyiv, 02121, Ukraine"
  4. ^ a b Koretska, Iana (6 June 2014). "Ukraine International Airlines launches direct Kyiv—New York flights". KyivPost. ISSN 1563-6429. LCCN sn97032040. OCLC 960875078. Archived from the original on 13 December 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b Liu, Jim (29 November 2017). "Ukraine International plans Toronto launch in June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  6. ^ МАУ похвасталась ростом пассажиропотока и планами начать полеты в США. Korrespondent.net (in Ukrainian). UNIAN. 26 July 2013. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  7. ^ "New Flights from Kiev to Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cyprus, Poland, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Greece, Georgia, Russia, and Kyrgyzstan on flyUIA.com!". FlyUIA. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014.
  8. ^ "UIA opened ticket sales for Kiev – New York non-stop scheduled service". Ukraine International Airlines. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  9. ^ Kiev, Agence France-Presse in (25 October 2015). "Russia and Ukraine suspend direct flights between countries". the Guardian.
  10. ^ "Official site of UIA – Ukraine International Airlines (UIA) (Ukraine)". FlyUIA. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Ukraine Int'l Airlines to wet-lease an ERJ-145 this summer". ch-aviation.
  12. ^ Isobel Koshiw (16 June 2016). "One airline fights to retain pre-eminence in Ukraine - Jun. 16, 2016". Offices of Ukraine International Airlines, the dominant player in the nation's market, were searched as part of an ongoing investigation by the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine [...].
  13. ^ "Ukraine International Airlines adjusts 2018 fleet expansion plans - Russian aviation news". Russian Aviation Insider. 22 March 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  14. ^ "Flying Blue - Ukraine International". flyingblue.fr.
  15. ^ Kunitsky, Alexander. "Президент авиакомпании МАУ Евгений Дыхне: «Я знаю работу компании, как партнер со стороны аэропорта, и знаю, как пассажир. Многие вопросы в компании решены не в пользу комфорта пассажира»" [UIA President Evgeny Dykhne: “I know the company's work as a partner from the airport, and I know it as a passenger. Many issues in the company are not resolved in favor of the passenger's comfort.]. www.unian.net (in Ukrainian).
  16. ^ aerotelegraph.com (German) 10 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Ukraine International Airlines suspends flights until March 23". Reuters. 27 February 2022.
  18. ^ "UIA is temporarily suspending passenger traffic". Ukraine International Airlines. 24 February 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  19. ^ "UIA suspends the flights until March 23". Ukraine International Airlines. 27 February 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  20. ^ "UPD. UIA continues suspending flights until may 31 inclusive – UIA (Ukraine)".
  21. ^ "UIA continues suspending flights until august 23 inclusive – UIA (Ukraine)". FlyUIA. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  22. ^ "UIA flight suspension continued till November 21 – UIA (Ukraine)". FlyUIA. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  23. ^ "UIA continues suspending flights until January 11, 2023 inclusive". Ukraine International Airlines. 24 October 2022. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  24. ^ "UIA flight suspension continued till February 19 – UIA (Ukraine)". FlyUIA. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  25. ^ a b "UIA extends flight suspension until the lifting of martial law and reopening of ukrainian airspace". FlyUIA. 10 April 2023. Retrieved 20 July 2023.
  26. ^ "UIA now under control of Cyprus based Ontobet Promotions". ch-aviation. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  27. ^ "List of shareholders of UIA (in Ukrainian)". Ukrainian state register of shareholders. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  28. ^ "Aron Mayberg: Executive Profile & Biography - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com.
  29. ^ "АТ "МІЖНАРОДНІ АВІАЛІНІЇ УКРАЇНИ" - Smida". www.smida.gov.ua.
  30. ^ "Ukraine International Airlines loses nearly $100 million | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice". KyivPost. 26 March 2019.
  31. ^ "Ukraine International places financial stability ahead of fleet expansion". 8 February 2019.
  32. ^ "Loss-making Ukraine International Airlines appoints new president". www.aerotime.aero. 10 September 2019.
  33. ^ "New president for Ukraine International Airlines". Russian Aviation Insider. 10 September 2019.
  34. ^ "Голова Украероруху розповів про суму боргу авіакомпанії МАУ". Економічна правда.
  35. ^ "Информация о МАУ - Ukraine International Airlines (UIA)". www.flyuia.com. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  36. ^ "B737 MAX delays force UIA to amend its flight schedules". 5 April 2019.
  37. ^ "Iran plane crash: Ukraine International Airline jet crashes killing 176". BBC News. 8 January 2020. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  38. ^ "UIA ceases flights to Amman, Minsk, Riga, suspends flights to Beijing due to losses | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice". KyivPost. 25 October 2019.
  39. ^ "UIA keeps axing flight program – Ukraine International Airlines (UIA) (International)". FlyUIA.
  40. ^ "Profile on Ukraine International Airlines". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 3 November 2016. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  41. ^ Liu, Jim (15 June 2019). "Ukraine International / Air Astana begins codeshare partnership from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  42. ^ Liu, Jim (10 November 2017). "TAP Air Portugal / Ukraine International expands codeshare routes in W17". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  43. ^ Liu, Jim (22 March 2018). "TAP Air Portugal expands Ukraine International codeshare in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  44. ^ "Ukraine International Airlines Fleet Details and History". www.planespotters.net. Retrieved 14 July 2023.
  45. ^ "Ukraine International Airlines Fleet Details and History". Planespotters.net. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  46. ^ Moshtaghian, Artemis; Berlinger, Joshua; Guy, Jack (8 January 2020). "Ukrainian Boeing plane crashes in Iran after takeoff, killing 176 on board". CNN. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  47. ^ Oliphant, Roland; Mendick, Robert; Nicholls, Dominic (8 January 2020). "Iran plane crash: All 176 passengers killed as Ukraine Boeing 737 crashes near Tehran". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2020.